Palghar

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Palghar
Town
Vajreshwari Temple, Dahbosa Waterfall, Tandulwadi Fort, Dahanu Beach, Kelwa Beach
Palghar is located in Maharashtra
Palghar
Palghar
Coordinates: 19°41′N 72°46′E / 19.69°N 72.76°E / 19.69; 72.76Coordinates: 19°41′N 72°46′E / 19.69°N 72.76°E / 19.69; 72.76
CountryIndia India
StateMaharashtra
DistrictPalghar
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Council
 • BodyPalghar Municipal Council (PMC)
 • Member of ParliamentRajendra Gavit (Shiv Sena)
 • MLAAmit Krushna Ghoda, (Shiv Sena)[1]
Area
 • Total4,696.99 km2 (1,813.52 sq mi)
Elevation
7 m (23 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total68,931
 • Density15/km2 (38/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
401404
Telephone code02525
Vehicle registrationMH-48
Websitehttps://palghar.gov.in/

Palghar (pronunciation ) is a town in the Konkan division of Maharashtra state, India and a municipal council. It is in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region, and since 2014 it has been the administrative capital of the Palghar district. Palghar lies on the Western Line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway in the busy Mumbai-Ahmedabad rail corridor. The town is located about 87 kilometers north of Mumbai, about 35 kilometers north of Virar and about 24 kilometers west of the Mumbai-Ahmedabad National Highway at Manor.

History[edit]

Palgar's history is alternate with its old district Thane. Jawhar, Vasai and Palghar tehsils have a historical legacy. Vasai (then known as Bassein) was under the Portuguese Empire. Chimaji Appa, the Maratha military commander later captured Vasai fort from the Portuguese and embedded the Maratha flag on Vasai. Palghar was one of the important points in 1942 of the Chalejav campaign.

Demographics[edit]

At the 2011 Census of India,[2] Palghar had a population of 68,930. Males numbered 36,523 (52.9%) and females 32,407 (47.1%). The literacy rate was 77.52%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; male literacy was 81.2% and female literacy 73.35%. 11.8% of the population was under 6 years of age.

Marathi is the most widely spoken language with Warli, Vadvali and Vanjari dialects. Small communities of Gujaratis and Muslims speak Gujarati and Urdu respectively.

Palghar has an urban population of 33,086 thus about 48% of the total population lives in the urbanized area.

Culture[edit]

Kunbi, Bhandari, Warli (Adivasi), Katkari, Malhar Koli, Vanjari, Vadval, Mali (Sorathi) are the predominant castes in Palghar.

The Vanjaris are a nomadic tribe that have their roots in Chittorgarh, Rajasthan. Their language is distinct from standard Marathi as it has a high influence of Rajasthani and Gujarati.

Vadval is the most numerous community present in Palghar. They are said to be the descendants of Yadava dynasty of Devagiri who established themselves here. They form one of the very few Marathi-speaking communities which belong to Kshatriya varna but not the traditional 96-clan (96 - Kuli) Maratha caste.

Warli painting and famous Tarapa dance feature contribution towards art by the Warli community. Warli painting and art stretch back to a millennium. Warli art is also appreciated in foreign countries. Warlis represent the earliest settlers of the land around the present times and their culture has largely influenced the later cultures in and around the area.

The Koli (fishermen) community of Palghar is a reminder of the city's links with the Arabian sea. Fisheries form a large part of trade and diet of Palghar and also take up a major role in cultural events. The Kolis are further divided into subcastes such as Vaiti, Mangele, Bari, etc.

Art, crafts and tourism[edit]

Tourist attractions in the district include:

Economy[edit]

The economy of Palghar is largely the primary and tertiary sector. Palghar being the seat of Taluka and District, has many government offices and people working there. Agriculture, animal husbandry, dairy, and fisheries are practiced in abundance in the rural areas around the city and fuel the economy of the city.

Palghar had also been a hub for wood smuggling in the post-independence era, a practice that has been largely curbed by the Forest department and police. Other than wood, the secluded beaches were known to attract smugglers trying to offshore their goods and enter Mumbai by road to avoid customs.

Education[edit]

The town has a number of schools and colleges, with more under construction to serve the increasing population. Palghar is the education hub of the area, with many students traveling from outside the town. The schools and colleges include:

Transport[edit]

Palghar railway station

Palghar is well connected via road and rail transport. Palghar acts as a divisional head of Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation, which provides direct connectivity to several towns across Maharashtra and Gujarat, including Surat, Vapi, Valsad, Vadodara, Bharuch, Ankleshwar, Anand, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Miraj, Sangli, Pune, Vaduj, Thane, Ulhasnagar, Bhiwandi, Aurangabad, Ahmednagar, Kalyan, Alibag, Nandurbar, Bhusaval, Shirdi, and Nashik.

Palghar railway station is an important railway station on the Western Line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway, and the Ahmedabad–Mumbai main line. Along with Shuttle/Memu/EMU (local trains) services, many long-distance trains also stop here.

Sports[edit]

Cricket is the most popular sport in Palghar. Local tournaments are held at various locations in the district.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Maharashtra By-Election: Shiv Sena Retains Palghar Assembly Seat". NDTV.com. Retrieved 31 August 2022.
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  3. ^ Sonopant Dandekar Arts, V.S. Apte Commerce & M.H. Mehta Science College Palghar
  4. ^ St. John College of Engineering and Technology
  5. ^ http://www.sjchs.edu.in/
  6. ^ "St. John Institute of Pharmacy and Research". Archived from the original on 21 August 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2021.