Palghar

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Palghar
पालघर
City
Palghar is located in Maharashtra
Palghar
Palghar
Coordinates: 19°41′N 72°46′E / 19.69°N 72.76°E / 19.69; 72.76Coordinates: 19°41′N 72°46′E / 19.69°N 72.76°E / 19.69; 72.76
Country India India
State Maharashtra
District Palghar
Government
 • Type Municipal Council
 • Body Palghar Municipal Council (PMC)
 • Member of Parliament Chintaman Vanaga, (Bharatiya Janata Party)
 • MLA Amit Krushna Ghoda, (Shiv Sena) [1]
Elevation 7 m (23 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 68,930
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 401404
Telephone code 02525
Vehicle registration MH-48, MH-04

Palghar (About this sound pronunciation ) is a town in Konkan division of Maharashtra state and a Municipal Council located about 87 kilometres north off Mumbai. Palghar lies on the Western Line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway on the busy Mumbai-Ahmedabad rail corridor. It is the administrative capital of the newly formed Palghar district. The town is located around 35 kilometers north of Virar and about 15 kilometres west of the Mumbai-Ahmedabad National Highway (NH 8) exit at Manor, India.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[2] Palghar had a population of 68,930. Males numbered 36,523, i.e. 52.9% of the population, and females 32,407, i.e. 47.1% of the population. Palghar has an average literacy rate of 77.52%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81.2%, and female literacy is 73.35%. In Palghar, 11.8% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The majority of population follows the Hindu religion with a sizable portion of Jains, Buddhists and Muslims. There is also a small Christian and Sikh community. Marathi is the most widely spoken language with Varli,Vadvali and Vanjari dialects. Small communities of Gujaratis and Muslims speak Gujarati and Urdu respectively.

Transport[edit]

Palghar is well connected via road and rail transport. Palghar acts as a divisional head of MSRTC Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation. MSRTC provides direct connectivity to several towns across Maharashtra including Miraj, Pune, Vaduj, Thane, Bhiwandi, Aurangabad, Ahmednagar, Kalyan, Alibag, Nandurbar, Bhusaval, Shirdi, and Nashik.

Palghar is an important railway station on the Western Railway line of the Mumbai Suburban Railway. Along with shuttle/Memu/EMU (local trains) services, Few long distance trains also stop here.

History[edit]

On 1 August 2014 is Palghar became the 36th district of Maharashtra. Its history is alternate with its old district Thane. From Palghar district Javhar, Vasai and Palghar had a golden history legacy. Vasai was under the Portuguese empire. After that Chimaji Aappa won Vasai from the Portuguese and embedded a Maratha flag on Vasai. Palghar was the one of the important points in 1942 of the Chalejav campaign.

In 14 August 1942 there was an uprising in Palghar, in which Kashinath Hari Pagdhare, Govind Ganesh Thakur, Ramchandra Bhimashankar Tiwari, Ramchandra Mahadev Churi, and Sukur Govind More were martyrs. The main circle of Palghar is known as "Paachbatti" ( Meaning ' five lights ' ) in honor of these martyrs.

Culture[edit]

Warli(Adivasi), Katkari, Malhar Koli, Vanjari, Wadwal are the most numerous communities of people found in Palghar. Warli Painting and famous Tarapa dance features contribution towards art by this community. Warli painting and art have 1100 years of history. Warli art is also demanded in foreign countries.

Education[edit]

The town has a number of schools and colleges. A number of construction projects have recently been started in the region. There is tremendous scope to set up new schools and colleges for increasing staying population.

  • Sonopant Dandekar Arts, V.S. Apte Commerce & M.H. Mehta Science College Palghar[3]
  • St. John College of Engineering and Technology[4]
  • St. John Institute of Pharmacy and Research [5]
  • St. John Institute of Management and Research [6]
  • St. John International school Palghar
  • Anand Ashram English High School Palghar
  • Sundaram Central School & Junior College [CBSE] Palghar
  • Kenam English High School Palghar
  • Holy Spirit English High School Palghar
  • Twinkle Star English High School Palghar
  • Aryan High School Plaghar
  • Jeevan Vikas High School Palghar
  • Bhagini Samaj High School
  • Sir JP international school [ICSE]
  • Aryan English high school

Sports[edit]

Cricket is the most popular sport in Palghar. Local tournaments are organized at various locations across the district. Shardul Thakur is a cricketer from Palghar (Mahim) who plays for Kings XI Punjab and for Mumbai in Ranji Trophy.

References[edit]