Palghar district

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Palghar District
District Of Maharashtra
Location in Maharashtra
Location in Maharashtra
Coordinates: 19°41′49″N 72°46′16″E / 19.697029°N 72.771249°E / 19.697029; 72.771249Coordinates: 19°41′49″N 72°46′16″E / 19.697029°N 72.771249°E / 19.697029; 72.771249
Country India
StateMaharashtra
Divisions of MaharashtraKonkan division
HeadquartersPalghar
Government
 • BodyMr. Prashant Narnavare IAS, Collector[1]
Area
 • District Of Maharashtra5,344 km2 (2,063 sq mi)
Population
(2011 Census)[citation needed]
 • District Of Maharashtra2,990,116
 • Density560/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
 • Urban
1,435,210
Languages
 • OfficialMarathi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-MH
Vehicle registrationMH-04 (Thane RTO), MH-48 (Palghar District RTO)

Palghar District is a district in the state of Maharashtra in Konkan Division.[2] On 1 August 2014, the Maharashtra State government announced the formation of the 36th district of Maharashtra, when a new Palghar District was carved out of the old Thane district. Palghar District starts from Dahanu at the north and ends at Naigaon. It comprises the talukas of Palghar, Vada, Vikramgad, Jawhar, Mokhada, Dahanu, Talasari and Vasai-Virar. At the 2011 Census, the talukas now comprising the district had a population of 2,990,116.[3]

Palghar has an urban population of 1,435,210, that is 48% of total population is living in Urbanized Area. The district is bounded by Thane and Nashik Districts on the east and northeast, and by Valsad District of Gujarat state and Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli on the north. The Arabian Sea forms the western boundary, while Vasai-Virar is part of Mumbai Metropolitan Region.

History[edit]

Until 1 August 2014, the talukas now comprising Palghar District formed a part of Thane District. After a struggle and demand for almost 25 years, for bifurcation, the creation of the new district was approved by the Cabinet of Maharashtra on 13 June 2014 and the new district of Palghar came into existence on 1 August. Abhijit S. Bangar was the first Collector of the district.[3], Vijay Suryavanshi first Chief Executive Officer and Suvez Haq was the first district Superintendent of Police..

Geography[edit]

The district is the northernmost part of the Konkan lowlands of Maharashtra. It comprises the wide amphitheater like Ulhas basin on the south and hilly Vaitarna valley on the north together with plateaus and the slopes of Sahyadri. From the steep slopes of the Sahyadri in the east, the land falls through a succession of plateaus in the north and centre of the district to the Ulhas valley in the south. The distance from the parts of different palaces to headquarters Palghar by road is as follows: Khodala 138 km, Mokhada 112 km, Jawhar 75 km, Vikramgad 60 km.

The main river flowing through the district is the Vaitarna. The river has many tributaries; the most important of them are Barvi and Bhatsa, Pinjal, Surya, Daherja and Tansa. Vaitarna, the largest of Konkan Rivers rises in the Tryambak hills in Nashik district, opposite to the source of Godavari. The river flows across Shahapur, Vada and Palghar talukas and enter the Arabian Sea through a wide estuary off Arnala. Vaitarna River is 154 km long and has a drainage area that practically covers the entire northern part of the district.

Ulhas river which flows to Arabian sea is Vasai creek, district's southern border.

Arnala Island is located in Vasai taluka, at the entrance to the Vaitarna estuary.

Climate[edit]

Palghar
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
0.6
 
 
31
12
 
 
1.5
 
 
31
15
 
 
0.1
 
 
33
21
 
 
0.6
 
 
33
24
 
 
13
 
 
33
26
 
 
574
 
 
32
26
 
 
868
 
 
30
25
 
 
553
 
 
29
25
 
 
306
 
 
30
24
 
 
63
 
 
33
23
 
 
15
 
 
33
19
 
 
5.6
 
 
32
10
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Indian Meteorological Department

Divisions[edit]

Palghar has an urban population of 1,435,210, that is 48% of total population is living in Urbanized Area. Palghar District comprises 8 talukas. The talukas, with their populations at the 2001 and 2011 Censuses [4] are as follows:

Municipal Corporations in Palghar District[edit]

Municipal Councils in Palghar District[edit]

Newly Formed Nagar Panchyats in Palghar District

  • Mokhada
  • Vikramgad
  • Talasari
  • Vada

Loksabha and Assembly Constituencies[edit]

There are six Vidhan Sabha constituencies in Palghar district, grouped into one Lok Sabha constituency; Dahanu (ST), Vikramgad (ST), Palghar (ST), Boisar (ST), Nalasopara and Vasai constituencies are part of Palghar Lok Sabha constituency. Rajendra Dhedya Gavit is the member of the Sixteenth Lok Sabha after winning a by-election from Palghar on a BJP ticket in May, 2019[5]

Transportation[edit]

The Western Railway network passes through Vasai, Palghar and Dahanu talukas of the district. The Western Express Highway (NH48) has pass through manor and chilhar for enter in Palghar district.

Economic[edit]

Palghar has India's first atomic power plant located at Tarapur. The industrial town of Boisar is also home to one of Maharashtra's largest industrial areas at Tarapur MIDC. Maharashtra's largest fishing port is Satpati; Dahanu, Arnala, Vasai and Datiware are also major fishing ports. Dahanu is best known for their chickoo production in the whole of India. A special Chickoo festival is held every year at Bordi beach in Dahanu.

Utilities[edit]

MSEDCL supplies electricity to all urban and rural areas across the district.

Gujarat Gas has been authorized in April 2015 to supply compressed natural gas and piped natural gas to all urban and rural areas across the district.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Palghar administration". http://www.palghar.gov.in/phpfiles/administration.php?english=English. Official website - district collectorate, Palghar. Retrieved 3 February 2018. External link in |website= (help)
  2. ^ "Palghar becomes Maharashtra's 36th district". mid-day. 7 August 2014.
  3. ^ a b "Bangar named as the first collector of Palghar district". Business Standard. 23 July 2014. Retrieved 15 September 2014.
  4. ^ "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India". censusindia.gov.in.
  5. ^ "Mp from Palghar".