Palisades, New York
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Palisades, formerly known as Sneden's Landing (pronounced SNEE-dens), is a hamlet in the Town of Orangetown in Rockland County, New York, United States, located north of Rockleigh and Alpine, New Jersey; east of Tappan; south of Sparkill; and west of the Hudson River.
The hamlet has no mayor, nor any official legislative bodies. It does, however, have its own library, and post office with the zip code 10964 and served by the 359 exchange in Area Code 845. It is almost entirely residential with the exception of a small industrial area section on the Tappan border. The area commonly referred to as Snedens Landing is located within the eastern portion of Palisades between U.S. Route 9W and the Hudson River.
The hamlet has a registered historic district known as the Closter Road – Oak Tree Road Historic District. The district comprises the area from the north side of Closter Road and south side of Oak Tree Road approximately half a mile west of US Route 9W in Palisades. (List of Registered Historic Places in Rockland County, New York)
Earliest recorded history
In 1685 Dr. George Lockhart purchased 3,410 acres along the west bank of the Hudson River which would become Palisades, NY. In the ensuing 20 years the land would change hands twice. By 1702 there were two houses with 14 people, eight being slaves. During this period the land was claimed by both New York and New Jersey. A king's commission settled the dispute in 1769 by drawing an official border between the two states. It placed Palisades just inside of New York.
Palisades during the Revolutionary War
The Palisades vicinity saw considerable activity during the Revolutionary War. Loyalties were split more than normally in such a conflict, because the area marked the dividing line between American and British combatants. This situation is demonstrated within the family of Mollie Sneden, a legendary resident whose family name was given to Snedens Landing, as Palisades was known at that time. She and most of her sons were Tories, but her son John was a Patriot. He was allowed to keep the family ferry operating across the Hudson River to Dobbs Ferry during the Revolution. An action by Mollie Sneden during this period illustrates the close interaction of British and patriots in this vicinity.
The story goes that a British soldier was pursued down the gully by some patriots; she hid him in her house in a large chest on which she set pans of cream to rise, and when the patriots arrived she misinformed them; they were tired and asked for refreshment, and she offered them all the milk she had, but told them not to disturb the pans of cream which she had just set out. In the evening she is said to have ferried the soldier across the river.
The British General Cornwallis crossed the Hudson with 6,000 men in November 1776 from Dobbs Ferry and forced the evacuation of Fort Lee. His natural disembarkation would have been Snedens Landing, directly across the river; but a force of 500 patriots armed with four cannon and a howitzer at Snedens Landing caused the British to reroute their crossing to Closter, farther south. In 1780 George Washington ordered a blockhouse to be built at Snedens Landing to serve as a guard for the ferry service, an intelligence center and a means of communication. The General is known to have passed through the area and visited the blockhouse a number of times, and the road descending to the site of the ferry is named Washington Springs Road. According to tradition Washington and his troops used a small spring bordering this thoroughfare as source of refreshment. This vicinity is also associated with Benedict Arnold, who was seen by an American soldier lurking in the woods during the period he was attempting to betray West Point. He is also known to have spent a day at the blockhouse avoiding patrol boats along the Hudson.
Across the river at Dobbs Ferry, General Washington planned a campaign with Marshal Rochambeau to bring the war to an end at Yorktown. After its conclusion, the first official recognition of the infant United States was a 17-gun salute fired from the British warship HMS Perseverance which had sailed to Snedens Landing for General Sir Guy Carleton to meet General Washington at neighboring Tappan.
The early 19th century
In 1800 the population of Palisades was 114. Because of the local topography the town was well suited to become a river center. Rising from the west bank of the Hudson River, the Palisades Cliff forms an obstacle to transport seeking access to the river. A break in the terrain occurs at Palisades, still known as Snedens Landing in the early 19th century, where the landscape is rugged but not precipitous. It afforded New Jersey farmers the opportunity to bring their produce down Washington Springs Road to the river, where they could ship it across to the east side of the Hudson and continue down to New York City. Also, at this time the city created a demand for quarried stones for use in paving streets and building houses. According to tradition, the stones cut from the Palisades Cliff paved many New York City streets, including Broadway. Snedens Landing provided these farmers and quarrymen with the first access for a stretch of about 13 miles above Burdetts Landing, or roughly the spot where the George Washington Bridge connects New Jersey and New York today. The town became so busy that a 500-foot pier was constructed. In the first half of the 19th century steamboats began plying the Hudson. The Sneden family, which continued to ferry passengers and goods across to Dobbs Ferry, also communicated with steamboat traffic, which could not dock in the shallow water at the shore, mid-river.
The latter 19th century
In the mid-19th century the Erie and Northern railroads arrived and drew off much of the transportation which had earlier depended upon river shipping. In 1855 the town's name officially became Palisades. With its raison d'etre diminished, Palisades languished. Its 500-foot pier was abandoned and disintegrated. The once thriving river port transformed to an agriculture-based economy depending upon orchards, vineyards and farms. By the 1870s railroad travel enabled wealthy New Yorkers to build seasonal homes in Palisades. Not only did these newcomers promote the economy by employing local workers on their estates, they enriched community affairs, establishing a library and the Presbyterian church.
Highlights of the 20th century
At the turn of the century the population of Palisades was almost 400. Modern conveniences arrived, such as piped water in 1910 and electricity in 1920. Access by car was facilitated in 1929 by the construction of Route 9W, the George Washington Bridge connecting the east and west sides of the Hudson 1931, and the Palisades Parkway in 1955.
Sneden's Landing is mentioned in Alec Wilder's song "Did You Ever Cross Over to Sneden's?" (originally titled, at the time of its first release, simply "Sneden's Landing"), one of Mabel Mercer's signature pieces.
The 1936 Damon Runyon short story "Joe Terrace", involved a murder that took place near Our Town at a cliff known as Lovers Leap. In the 1949 radio drama version the location was changed to New York City and the murder site was The Palisades.
- Skunk Hollow (North of entrance to Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory), Route 9W.
- Cliffside (Palisades, New York) (NRHP)
- Closter Road-Oak Tree Road Historic District (NRHP)
- Washington Spring Road-Woods Road Historic District (NRHP)
Places of interest
- Abner Concklin House (NRHP)
- Big House (NRHP)
- Haring-Eberle House (NRHP)
- Little House (NRHP)
- Sneden's Ferry – The Sneden family operated a ferry at Sneden's Landing along with John Dobbs, who operated from the opposite shore Dobbs Ferry, New York. Begun by Dobbs in 1698, the ferry service was one of the oldest in the region and continued until 1944. In 1775, when Martha Washington and her son John Parke Custis, George Washington's stepson, drove from Mount Vernon to Cambridge, Massachusetts to meet her husband, venerable ferry mistress Mollie Sneden (1709–1810) piloted her across the Hudson River.
- Neiderhurst (NRHP)
- Seven Oaks Estate (NRHP)
Local organizations and services
The hamlet's significant institutions include an HNA conference center, the Lamont–Doherty Earth Observatory (of Columbia University), and a well-regarded nursing home. There is also a library and community center.
The hamlet uses Orangetown police department, South Orangetown Ambulance Corps. and Sparkill-Palisades fire department.
Students in the Hamlet of Palisades attend South Orangetown Central School District. Palisades is home to the Fred S. Keller Learning Center, which was formerly the Palisades School Building. The building is owned by the South Orangetown Central School District. High school-aged students attend Tappan Zee High School in nearby Orangeburg. Dominican College and St. Thomas Aquinas College are located in nearby Orangeburg and Sparkill respectively.
Major roadways and highways
Palisades is served by Rockland Coaches (also known as the Red & Tan Lines, operated by Coach USA), with frequent bus service via Route 9A to the George Washington Bridge Bus Terminal and via Route 9W/9T to the Port Authority Bus Terminal. The bus travels down Oak Tree Road and has its main Palisades bus shelter at the intersection of Oak Tree Road and Route 9W. Traveling northbound on these routes provides local service to locations throughout eastern Rockland County, including Nyack, Piermont, and New City.
- Pinchas Zuckerman, violinist and composer
- Chuck Barris, game show creator, producer and host.
- Maurice Ewing – Former Director – Lamont–Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University
- Mike Wallace – news commentator
- Jon Voight – Actor
- Angelina Jolie, American actress, attended elementary school in the town.
- Aidan Quinn, actor
- Al Pacino, actor
- Bill Murray, actor and comedian
- Björk, singer-songwriter
- Elizabeth Bracco, actress and wife to Aidan Quinn
- Hayden Panettiere, actress and singer
- The Isley Brothers, singers
- Jansen Panettiere, actor
- Jessica Lange, actress
- Trey Anastasio, musician
- Mikhail Baryshnikov, dancer, choreographer and actor
- Anna Baryshnikov, actress
- Rodney Smith, photographer
- William Hurt, actor
- Mollie Sneden – Ferry Mistress – See Places of Interest above.
- Mary Lawrence [Tonetti] (1868–1945) – American sculptor and creative developer of "Snedens Landing Artists' Colony". By 1936, she owned 16 dwelling which were used by several artists including; Noël Coward, Laurence Olivier, John Houseman, Ethel Barrymore.
- Eric Gugler (1889–1979), an American architect, sculptor and painter, best known for his long tenure working in the White House under President Franklin D. Roosevelt, during which he redesigned the Oval Office into its modern form.
- Katharine Cornell (1893–1974), American actress who rented the Log Cabin in Snedens Landing in the 1930s and 40s. In the 1950s she bought land at the end of Woods Road and built her own house.
- Edgar Snow (1905–1972), an American journalist known for his books and articles on China, lived in Snedens Landing from 1951 to 1959 with his second wife, Lois Wheeler Snow, and their children. Half of Edgar Snow's ashes are buried in Snedens Landing, in the yard of the former home of Snow's friend Sam Zimbalist, beside a small granite flagstone inscribed "E.S."
- Gerard, Alice (April 29, 2006). "A Short Overview of Palisades History". The Palisades Newsletter. Archived from the original on November 10, 2011. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
- "The Sneden Family". Retrieved March 15, 2009.
- Savell, Isabell K. (1977). The Tonetti Years at Snedens Landing. New York City: The Historical Society of Rockland County. p. 3. ISBN 0-89062-052-0.
- Adams, Arthur G. (1996). The Hudson Through the Years. Fordham Univ Press. p. 133. ISBN 9780823216772.
- Larson, Neil; Kathleen LaFrank (1990). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory – Nomination Form". Retrieved October 11, 2011.
- "Dobbs Ferry". The Columbia Encyclopedia (Sixth ed.). Columbia University Press. 2008. Retrieved April 1, 2009.
- Hall, Donald E.; Edgewater Cultural; Historical Committee (2005). Images of America: Edgewater. Charleston, SC: Arcadia. p. 25. ISBN 0-7385-3725-X.
- Savell. The Tonetti Years at Snedens Landing. p. 4.
- Teachout, Terry (January 6, 2002). "Mabel Mercer: The Subtle Truth". The New York Times. Retrieved January 23, 2010.
- "Rockland Coaches Routes". Archived from the original on January 8, 2019. Retrieved January 31, 2016.
- Cheslow, Jerry (May 13, 1990). "If You're Thinking of Living in: Palisades". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 22, 2018.
- Gould, Jennifer (September 22, 2016). "Mike Wallace's Old Home in Secret Celeb Enclave is in Contract". New York Post. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
- Where Did Angelina Jolie Live in Rockland? Lohud.com, October 17, 2006 "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 4, 2015. Retrieved August 10, 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Accessed August 10, 2015
- Cheslow, Jerry (May 13, 1990). "If You're Thinking of Living in: Palisades". The New York Times. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
- "Yo, Bros". New York Post. July 23, 2009.
- Sandomir, Richard (December 14, 2016). "Rodney Smith, Whimsical Photographer, Dies at 68". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 1, 2017.
- Hamilton, John Maxwell. Edgar Snow: A Biography. United States of America: John Maxwell Hamilton. 1988. ISBN 0-253-31909-9. p. 285.