Palitana State

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Palitana State
પાલીતાણા રિયાસત
Princely State of British India
1194–1948

Coat of arms of Palitana

Coat of arms
Location of Palitana
Location of Palitana in Saurashtra
History
 •  Established 1194
 •  Indian independence 1948
Area
 •  1921 777 km2 (300 sq mi)
Population
 •  1921 58,000 
Density 74.6 /km2  (193.3 /sq mi)
View of the Palitana Temples in 1860

Palitana was a princely state in India during the British Raj until 1948. The center was the city of Palitana. The last ruler of the state received a privy purse of 180,000 Rupees at the state's accession to independent India on 15 February 1948.

History[edit]

As a "Second Class" princely state it was founded in 1194. It was one of the major states in Saurashtra, where there were many smaller states. Palitana covered 777 km² and had 58,000 inhabitants (in 1921) in 91 villages, generating a 744,416 Rs revenue. In 1940 it had a population of 76,432.[1]

It used to be a native state of India in the Kathiawar Agency of the Bombay Presidency.[2] Area, 289 sq. m.; pop. (1901), 52,856, showing a decrease of 15% in the decade.[2] Gross revenue, £42,000; tribute jointly to the Gaekwar of Baroda and the Nawab of Junagadh, £700. The capital of the state, Palitana, had a population of 12,800.[2] Its ruler enjoyed a 9-guns salute.[3]

Rulers[edit]

The rulers were Gohil Rajputs, with the title of Thakur Sahib.[4]

  • 1697 - 1734 Prithvirajji Kandhaji
  • 1734 - .... Nonghanji III
  • .... - 1766 Sartanji II
  • 1766 - 1770 Alubhai
  • 1770 - 1820 Undaji
  • 1820 - 1840 Kandhaji IV
  • 1840 - 1860 Nonghanji IV
  • 1860 Pratapsinghji (d. 1860)
  • 1 Jun 1860 - Nov 1885 Sursinhji (b. 1844 - d. 1885)
  • 24 Nov 1885 – 29 Aug 1905 Mansinhji Sursinhji (b. 1863 - d. 1905) (from 1 Jan 1896, Sir Mansinhji Sursinhji)
  • 29 Sep 1905 – 15 Aug 1947 Bahadursinhji Mansinhji (b. 1900 - d. 1964) (from 1 Jan 1930, Sir Bahadursinhji Mansinhji; personal style Maharaja from 1944)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ - Rajput Provinces of India - Palitana State (Princely State)
  2. ^ a b c Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Palitana". Encyclopædia Britannica. 20 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 635.
  3. ^ Columbia-Lippincott Gazetteer p. 1417.
  4. ^ Princely States of India


21°31′N 71°50′E / 21.52°N 71.83°E / 21.52; 71.83Coordinates: 21°31′N 71°50′E / 21.52°N 71.83°E / 21.52; 71.83