Palkinsky District

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Palkinsky District
Палкинский район (Russian)
Location of Palkinsky District (Pskov Oblast).svg
Location of Palkinsky District in Pskov Oblast
Coordinates: 57°32′N 28°01′E / 57.533°N 28.017°E / 57.533; 28.017Coordinates: 57°32′N 28°01′E / 57.533°N 28.017°E / 57.533; 28.017
Coat of Arms of Palkinsky rayon (Pskov oblast).png
Coat of arms
Location
Country Russia
Federal subject Pskov Oblast[1]
Administrative structure (as of December 2014)
Administrative center work settlement of Palkino[2]
Inhabited localities:[2]
Urban-type settlements[3] 1
Rural localities 375
Municipal structure (as of December 2014)
Municipally incorporated as Palkinsky Municipal District[2]
Municipal divisions:[2]
Urban settlements 1
Rural settlements 6
Statistics
Area 1,191.2 km2 (459.9 sq mi)[4]
Population (2010 Census) 8,826 inhabitants[5]
• Urban 33.1%
• Rural 66.9%
Density 7.41/km2 (19.2/sq mi)[6]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[7]
Official website
Palkinsky District on WikiCommons

Palkinsky District (Russian: Па́лкинский райо́н) is an administrative[1] and municipal[2] district (raion), one of the twenty-four in Pskov Oblast, Russia. It is located in the west of the oblast and borders with Pskovsky District in the northwest, Ostrovsky District in the southeast, Pytalovsky District in the south, Viļaka and Alūksne Municipalities of Latvia in the southwest, and with Pechorsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 1,191.2 square kilometers (459.9 sq mi).[4] Its administrative center is the urban locality (a work settlement) of Palkino.[2] Population: 8,826 (2010 Census);[5] 10,520 (2002 Census);[8] 12,392 (1989 Census).[9] The population of Palkino accounts for 33.1% of the district's total population.[5]

Geography[edit]

The district lies in the basin of the Velikaya River. The Velikaya itself crosses the district from south to north. The principal tributary of the Velikaya in the limits of the district is the Vyada, which forms the border with Ostrovsky District. The largest lake, Lake Belaya Struga, has an area of 5.5 square kilometers (2.1 sq mi). About 5% of the district's territory is occupied by swamps. The eastern part of the district is flat; the western part is hilly.[10]

History[edit]

Until the 14th century, the area, together with Pskov, was dependent on Novgorod, then became independent, and in 1510 was included into the Grand Duchy of Moscow. In the course of the administrative reform carried out in 1708 by Peter the Great, the area was included into Ingermanland Governorate (known since 1710 as Saint Petersburg Governorate). In 1727, separate Novgorod Governorate was split off, and in 1772, Pskov Governorate (which between 1777 and 1796 existed as Pskov Viceroyalty) was established.

On August 1, 1927, the uyezds were abolished and Palkinsky District was established, with the administrative center in the selo of Palkino. It included parts of former Pskovsky and Ostrovsky Uyezds. The governorates were abolished as well, and the district became a part of Pskov Okrug of Leningrad Oblast. On July 23, 1930, the okrugs were also abolished, and the districts were directly subordinated to the oblast. On September 20, 1931, Palkinsky District was abolished and merged into Ostrovsky District. On February 15, 1935, the district was re-established on the territory which formerly constituted parts of Pskovsky and Ostrovsky Districts. Between March 22, 1935 and September 19, 1940, Palkinsky District was a part of Pskov Okrug of Leningrad Oblast, one of the okrugs abutting the state boundaries of the Soviet Union. Between August 1941 and July 1944, the district was occupied by German troops. On August 23, 1944, the district was transferred to newly established Pskov Oblast. On October 15, 1985, Palkino was granted urban-type settlement status.[11]

On January 16, 1945, Kachanovsky District, with the administrative center in the selo of Kachanovo, was established on the territories transferred from the Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic to Pskov Oblast. On January 14, 1958, Kachanovsky District was abolished and split between Pechorsky and Palkinsky Districts.[11]

Restricted access[edit]

The part of the district along the state border is included into a border security zone, intended to protect the borders of Russia from unwanted activity. In order to visit the zone, a permit issued by the local Federal Security Service department is required.[12]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

The main agricultural specializations in the district are meat and milk production, as well as potato growing. As of 2011, seven large- and mid-scale farms were active in the district.[13]

Transportation[edit]

The railway connecting St. Petersburg and Vitebsk via Pskov crosses the eastern part of the district.

The M20 highway, which also connects St. Petersburg and Vitebsk via Pskov, runs parallel to the railway and crosses the eastern part of the district as well. Palkino is connected by roads to Pskov, to Ostrov, and to the highway connecting Pskov and Riga. There are also local roads. The stretch between Pechory and Ostrov has been a toll road since 2002.[14]

Culture and recreation[edit]

The district contains two cultural heritage monuments of federal significance and additionally seventy objects classified as cultural and historical heritage of local significance.[15] The federal monuments are an archeological site and the Church of the Nativity of the Theotokos in the village of Novaya Usitva.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Law #833-oz
  2. ^ a b c d e f Law #420-oz
  3. ^ The count of urban-type settlements includes the work settlements, the resort settlements, the suburban (dacha) settlements, as well as urban-type settlements proper.
  4. ^ a b О районе (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved June 12, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  7. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 05 апреля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of April 05, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Географическая характеристика (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved June 12, 2012. 
  11. ^ a b История района (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved June 13, 2012. 
  12. ^ Приказ ФСБ РФ от 2 июня 2006 года №242 "О пределах пограничной зоны на территории Псковской области"; Приказ ФСБ России от 21 апреля 2007 г. №201 "О внесении изменения в приказ ФСБ России 2 июня 2006 года №242 "О пределах пограничной зоны на территории Псковской области". Rossiyskaya Gazeta (in Russian) 2006. 
  13. ^ Экономика (in Russian). Портал муниципальных образований Псковской области. Retrieved June 12, 2012. 
  14. ^ Псковская обл. Платные дороги (in Russian). АСМАП. Retrieved December 4, 2012. 
  15. ^ Памятники истории и культуры народов Российской Федерации (in Russian). Russian Ministry of Culture. Retrieved June 12, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №833-оз от 5 февраля 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Псковской области». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №20, 10 февраля 2009 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #833-oz of February 5, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Pskov Oblast. Effective as of the official publication date.).
  • Псковское областное Собрание депутатов. Закон №420-оз от 28 февраля 2005 г. «Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области», в ред. Закона №1542-ОЗ от 5 июня 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Псковской области "Об установлении границ и статусе вновь образуемых муниципальных образований на территории Псковской области"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Псковская правда", №41–43, №44–46, №49–51, 4 марта 2005 г., 5 марта 2005 г., 11 марта 2005 г. (Pskov Oblast Council of Deputies. Law #420-oz of February 28, 2005 On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast, as amended by the Law #1542-OZ of June 5, 2015 On Amending the Law of Pskov Oblast "On Establishing the Borders and the Status of the Newly Formed Municipal Formations on the Territory of Pskov Oblast". Effective as of the official publication date.).