Palladium coins are a form of coinage made out of the rare silver-white transition metal palladium. Palladium is internationally recognised as a form of currency under ISO 4217. The first palladium coins were produced in 1966.
Sierra Leone issued the first palladium coins in 1966. Tonga commenced issuing palladium coins a year later, in 1967, and those issues included the Tonga Palladium Hau. Since then a number of countries have issued palladium coins, including Canada, the Soviet Union, France, Palau, Portugal, Russia, China, Australia and Slovakia. Most of these have been special commemorative coins.
A bill authorizing the United States Mint to produce and distribute a one-troy-ounce palladium coin was passed into law on December 14, 2010. So far, the U.S. Mint has not yet minted any palladium coins, but has been developing plans for a palladium bullion coin, and in early 2017 Coin World reported that there is a "strong likelihood" that the first U.S. palladium coins would be minted and made available for sale in 2017 to collectors and investors. The planned coin would carry a $25 face value.
Canadian Big & Little Bear Constellations and Palladium Maple Leaf
The Canadian Big & Little Bear Constellations are the lowest-mintage coins ever minted by the Royal Canadian Mint, totaling no more than 1200 coins. There are four versions corresponding to four seasons. Actual mintages are 297 springs, 296 summers, 296 autumns, and 293 winters.
The Royal Canadian Mint minted palladium maple leafs from 2005 to 2007, in 2009, and resumed minting in 2015. These coins are made of 99.95% pure palladium (.9995 quality), each one containing one troy ounce of pure palladium. They are legal tender in Canada. One of the sides bears a single maple leaf (one of the national symbols of Canada), and the other has the effigy of Queen Elizabeth II.
- "American Eagle Palladium Bullion Coin Act of 2010". Library of Congress. Retrieved 2011-07-18.
- Gilkes, Paul (March 13, 2017) [published online February 24, 2017]. "Palladium coins in 2017? After seven years, coins may finally happen". Coin World. Vol. 58 no. 2970. p. 1. Retrieved 2017-03-08.
- 2009 Canadian Maple Leaf Palladium Coins, Austin coin collecting society
- Rene Frank: "Catalogue of Palladium Coins 2007", moneytrend, Vienna (Austria) 2006, ISBN 3-9501620-7-0
- René Frank: "Palladium Coin Catalog 2010", Battenberg/Gietl (Germany) 2010, ISBN 978-3-86646-830-6
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