Pallava script

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Pallava
Pallava script name.gif
Type
LanguagesTamil, Prakrit, Sanskrit
Time period
6th century AD to 9th century AD
Parent systems
Child systems
Grantha, Mon, Khmer, Kawi
Sister systems
Tamil, Vatteluttu alphabet

The Pallava script, a Brahmic script, was developed under the Pallava dynasty of Southern India around the 6th century of AD.

Southeast Asian scripts such as Grantha[1], Javanese[2], Kawi[3], Baybayin[4], Mon[5], Burmese[6], Khmer[7], Lanna[8], Thai[9], Lao[10], Sinhalese,[11] and the New Tai Lue alphabet[12] are either direct or indirect derivations from the Kadamba-Pallava alphabet.[13]

Form[edit]

Pallava script at the 8th century Kailasanatha temple in Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu.

The form shown here is based on examples from the 7th century AD. Letters labeled * have uncertain sound value, as they have little occurrence in Southeast Asia.

Consonants[edit]

Each consonant has an inherent /a/, which will be sounded if no vowel sign is attached. If two consonants follow one another without intervening vowel, the second consonant is made into a subscript form, and attached below the first.

ka kha ga gha nga ca cha ja jha* nya ṭa ṭha* ḍa ḍha* ṇa ta tha
Pallava Ka.svg Pallava Kha.svg Pallava Ga.svg Pallava Gha.svg Pallava Nga.svg Pallava Ca.svg Pallava Cha.svg Pallava Ja.svg Pallava Jha.svg Pallava Nya.svg Pallava Tta.svg Pallava Ttha.svg Pallava Dda.svg Pallava Ddha.svg Pallava Nna.svg Pallava Ta.svg Pallava Tha.svg
da dha na pa pha ba bha ma ya ra la va śa ṣa sa ha
Pallava Da.svg Pallava Dha.svg Pallava Na.svg Pallava Pa.svg Pallava Pha.svg Pallava Ba.svg Pallava Bha.svg Pallava Ma.svg Pallava Ya.svg Pallava Ra.svg Pallava La.svg Pallava Va.svg Pallava Sha.svg Pallava Ssa.svg Pallava Sa.svg Pallava Ha.svg

Independent Vowels[edit]

a ā i ī u e o ai* au*
Pallava A.svg Pallava Aa.svg Pallava I.svg Pallava Ii.svg Pallava U.svg Pallava E.svg Pallava O.svg Pallava Ai.svg Pallava Au.svg

Kadamba-Pallava script[edit]

Kadamba-Pallava script

During the rule of Pallavas, the script accompanied priests, monks, scholars and traders into South East Asia. Pallavas developed the Pallava script based on the Tamil-Brahmi script. The main characteristics of the newer script are aesthetically matched and fuller consonant glyphs. Similar to Pallava script, also visible in the writing systems of Chalukya,[14] Kadamba, Vengi at the time of Ikshvakus. Brahmi design was slightly different of the scripts of Cholas, Pandyas and Cheras. Pallava script very first significant developments of Brahmi in India, take care in combining rounded and rectangular strokes and adding typographical effects, was suitable for civic and religious inscriptions. Kadamba-Pallava script[15] evolved into early forms of Kannada and Telugu scripts. Glyphs become more rounded and incorporate loops because of writing upon leaves and paper.[16][17]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Sivaramamurti, C, Indian Epigraphy and South Indian Scripts. Bulletin of the Madras Government Museum. Chennai 1999

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Grantha alphabet". Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  2. ^ "Javanese alphabet". Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  3. ^ "Kawi alphabet". Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  4. ^ "Tagalog". Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  5. ^ "Mon". Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  6. ^ "Burmese". Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  7. ^ "Khmer". Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  8. ^ "Lanna alphabet". Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  9. ^ "Thai". Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  10. ^ "Lao". Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  11. ^ Jayarajan, Paul M. (1976-01-01). History of the Evolution of the Sinhala Alphabet. Colombo Apothecaries' Company, Limited.
  12. ^ "New Tai Lue script". Retrieved 13 September 2018.
  13. ^ "Pallava script". SkyKnowledge.com. 2010-12-30.
  14. ^ http://www.skyknowledge.com/burnell-plate4.gif
  15. ^ "Pallava script". Skyknowledge.com. 2014-02-02. Retrieved 2014-03-13.
  16. ^ "Pallava - an important ancient script from South India". Retrieved 2013-09-05.
  17. ^ Jayarajan, Paul M. (1976-01-01). History of the Evolution of the Sinhala Alphabet. Colombo Apothecaries' Company, Limited.

External links[edit]