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|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Tyne and Wear|
Pallion is a suburb and electoral ward in North West Sunderland, in Tyne and Wear, England. Most of the buildings in the area were built during the Victorian Era and consist of large terraced houses built for wealthy shipbuilders, but also smaller one-storey cottages in other areas for local shipyard workers (the shipyard industry has now long gone).
The place-name 'Pallion' is first attested in 1328, where it appears as le Pavylion. This is a French name meaning 'the Pavilion'.
On the edge of the parish (on the bank of the River Wear) once stood Pallion Hall, the childhood home of Sir Joseph Swan, developer of the lightbulb. The house was demolished in 1901. Near this part of the area is a retail park, Pallion Metro station and an industrial estate. The new Northern Spire Bridge crosses the Wear just to the north of here.
Pallion was also the home of the infamous New Monkey club, which had shaped rave culture in the North East. The club was shut down in 2006 after a drugs raid where there were 18 arrests. 165 officers stormed the club, and later the club was forced to shut down.
The electoral ward of Pallion was a safe seat for the Labour Party from its creation in the 1970s until early 2018, when it was won by Liberal Democrat campaigner Martin Haswell. Pallion's ethnicity is very similar to the Sunderland average.
- "Sunderland ward population 2011". Retrieved 22 July 2015.
- Eilert Ekwall, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Place-names, p.357.
- Shorts Brothers, shipbuilders at Pallion from 1860 to 1964.
- William Doxford and Sons, shipbuilders and marine engine builders