Palm Beach International Airport

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Palm Beach International Airport
PBI Airport Logo.png
Palm Beach International Airport photo D Ramey Logan.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerPalm Beach County
OperatorPalm Beach County Department of Airports
ServesPalm Beach County Greater Miami
LocationWest Palm Beach, Florida, United States
Elevation AMSL19 ft / 6 m
Coordinates26°40′59″N 80°05′44″W / 26.68306°N 80.09556°W / 26.68306; -80.09556
Websitewww.pbia.org
Map
PBI is located in Florida
PBI
PBI
Location of airport in Florida / United States
PBI is located in the US
PBI
PBI
PBI (the US)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
10L/28R 10,001 3,048 Asphalt
10R/28L 3,214 980 Asphalt
14/32 6,926 2,111 Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Aircraft operations140,383
Based aircraft171
Passengers6,322,452
Source: Federal Aviation Administration; www.pbia.org[1]

Palm Beach International Airport (IATA: PBI, ICAO: KPBI, FAA LID: PBI) is a public airport in Palm Beach County, Florida, west of the city of West Palm Beach, Florida. It is the primary airport for West Palm Beach, Boca Raton, Palm Beach, and the surrounding area. It is also one of three major airports serving the South Florida metropolitan area. The airport is operated by Palm Beach County's Department of Airports. Road access to the airport is direct from I-95, Southern Boulevard, and Congress Avenue. The airport is bordered on the west by Military Trail.

History[edit]

For the military use of the Airport, see Palm Beach Air Force Base

Palm Beach International Airport (KPBI) began operations in 1936 as Morrison Field. Morrison Field was named in honor of Miss Grace K. Morrison, a key participant in the planning and organization of the airfield. The first flight departing the field was a New York bound Eastern Air Lines DC-2 in 1936. The airport was dedicated on December 19, 1936.[2]

In 1937 the airport expanded beyond an airstrip and an administration building when the Palm Beach Aero Corporation obtained a lease, built hangars and the first terminal on the south side of the airport. The new terminal was known as the Eastern Air Lines Terminal.[2]

The field was used by the U.S. Army Air Forces during World War II. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor Morrison Field was used for training and later as a staging base for the Allied invasion of France, with numerous aircraft departing Morrison en route to the United Kingdom to take part in the D-Day invasion of Normandy.[2] Morrison Field was a stopover for flights to and from India, via Brazil and West Africa.[3]

In 1947 the newly established U.S. Air Force returned Morrison Field to Palm Beach County. The name was changed to Palm Beach International Airport in 1948.[3]

The airport was again used by the U.S. Air Force in 1951 and renamed Palm Beach Air Force Base,[4] under the control of the Military Air Transport Service (MATS). USAF operations occupied the north half of the airfield while civil operations and the airline terminal used the south half. MATS used the base for training with the host unit being the 1707th Air Transport Wing (Heavy), and its 1740th Heavy Transport Training Unit. The 1707 ATW was known as the "University of MATS", becoming the primary USAF training unit for all Air Force personnel supporting and flying heavy transport aircraft. These included C-124 Globemaster II, C-118 Liftmaster, C-97 Stratofreighter, and C-54 Skymaster maintenance training along with aircrew and transition pilot training. Nearly 23,000 airmen trained at Palm Beach AFB during the Korean War.[2]

The Air Weather Service used Palm Beach AFB as headquarters for hurricane research, flying the first WB-50D Superfortress "Hurricane Hunter" aircraft from the base in 1956.

After several years of Palm Beach County fighting the Air Force presence in West Palm Beach, the Air Force started to close down operations there. The 1707 ATW was inactivated on June 30, 1959 and reassigned to Tinker AFB, Oklahoma. With the wing's departure, Palm Beach County took over airfield operations. The Air Force retained a small presence at the base with the 9th Weather Group becoming the main operational unit at Palm Beach AFB, performing hurricane and weather research for the Air Weather Service. The Air Photographic and Charting Service (APCS) moved its 1370th Photo-Mapping Wing to the base, performing geodetic survey flights. The Air Force finally closed Palm Beach AFB in 1962 and all property was conveyed to Palm Beach International Airport the same year.[4]

Delta Air Lines began scheduled flights in 1959 and Capital Airlines in 1960. The first turbine-powered flights were Eastern Airlines Lockheed L-188 Electras in 1959, and Eastern DC-8 nonstops to Idlewild started in December 1960.

Air Force One was a frequent visitor to PBI during John F. Kennedy's presidency in the early 1960s. Local voters defeated a proposal to relocate the airport around this time, instead choosing to expand the existing facilities. In October 1966 an eight-gate Main Terminal opened on the northeast side of the airport; in 1974 Delta Air Lines moved into its own six-gate terminal with the airport's first jetways.[2] The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) built a new Air Traffic Control Tower on the south side of the airport in this period.

By the mid-1970s, the airport's dominant carriers were Delta, Eastern and National. Eastern operated the airport's only widebody service at the time, daily L-1011s to New York JFK and Newark.[5] By 1979, National operated daily DC-10 service to JFK, LaGuardia and Miami, while Eastern operated L-1011s to Atlanta and Delta operated L-1011s to Tampa.[6] By 1985, eight widebodies a day flew between PBI and the three New York airports.[7]

The 25-gate David McCampbell Terminal, named for a World War II naval flying ace, was dedicated in 1988.[8] In 2003 the terminal was voted among the finest in the nation by readers of Conde Nast Traveler Magazine. In that year a new landscaped I-95 interchange was built to decrease traffic on Southern Boulevard (US 98) extending Turnage Boulevard (the road around the perimeter of the concourse).

Competition from rapidly expanding Fort Lauderdale/Hollywood International Airport cut growth at the airport in the 1990s. The 2001 recession and the September 11 terrorist attacks further inhibited growth, but development in South Florida since 2002 has finally led to a surge of passenger traffic at the airport. In addition, discount carriers such as JetBlue and Southwest Airlines began service to PBI. In 2006 the county embarked on an interim expansion program by breaking ground on a 7-story parking garage and the addition of 3 gates in Concourse C. Long range expansions include gates at Concourse B and the eventual construction of a new 14 gate Concourse D to be extended east from the present terminal.[citation needed]

Following the 2016 election of Donald Trump as President of the United States, Air Force One again became a frequent visitor to PBI, typically parking on the south side of the airport near Southern Boulevard while Trump visited his nearby Mar-a-Lago estate. Until 2017, a line of school buses was used as a temporary barrier between the aircraft and onlookers. Palm Beach County stated that it would erect a more permanent barrier system in mid-2017, but the school buses were still in use as of November.[9][10]

Facilities[edit]

A panorama of Palm Beach International Airport from what was the 391st Bomb Group Restaurant off of Southern Boulevard.

Palm Beach International Airport covers 2,120 acres (858 ha) and has three runways:[1]

  • 10L-28R: 10,001 x 150 ft. (3,048 x 46 m) Asphalt
  • 10R-28L: 3,214 x 75 ft. (980 x 23 m) Asphalt
  • 14–32: 6,926 x 150 ft. (2,111 x 46 m) Asphalt

The airport's runway designations were changed by the FAA to their current configuration on December 17, 2009. Previously, they had been[11] 9L-27R, 9R-27L, and 13–31.

As of 2018, Concourse A houses Bahamasair and Silver Airways. Concourse B houses Air Canada, American Airlines, Southwest Airlines, Sun Country Airlines, and United Airlines. Concourse C holds Delta Air Lines, Frontier Airlines, JetBlue, and Spirit Airlines.

Control tower[edit]

A new 240-foot (73 m) Airport Traffic Control tower is active on the north side of the airport (west of concourse A, off Belvedere Rd.) along with a single-story, 9,000-square-foot (840 m2) ATBM Base Building.[12] The current tower lies on the southern side of the airport.

Helicopters[edit]

  • Helicopter operations typically use 10R/28L or its parallel taxiways or make a direct approach to either Customs or the Galaxy Aviation ramp.
  • Palm Beach County Sheriffs Office (PBSO) maintains its air division from a hangar at the southwest corner of the airport.
  • Health Care District of Palm Beach County operates the Traumahawk with Palm Beach County Fire-Rescue from a hangar at the southwest corner of the airport, next to PBSO.

Other hangars[edit]

Fire protection and emergency medical services[edit]

The Palm Beach County Fire Rescue Aviation Battalion is located between runways at PBI. The fire station which is located near the center of the airport grounds, is home to 13 pieces of specialized fire fighting equipment.[13]

These apparatus include:

Trauma Hawk[edit]

Trauma Hawk 1 at its hangar at Palm Beach International Airport.

The Trauma Hawk Station, which is located at the south west corner of the airport, Palm Beach County Fire Rescue has two Sikorsky S-76C helos.[18] The department partners with the Palm Beach County Health Care District to operate the Trauma Hawk Aero-Medical Program.[19] The Trauma Hawk program, which was established in November 1990, replaced the use of Palm Beach County Sheriff's Office helicopters to medevac critically injured patients to area hospitals.[19] air ambulances are identically equipped and can carry two patients each and up to four medical attendants if needed.[18] Each helicopter is staffed with a pilot, a registered nurse (RN) and a paramedic. The nurses and paramedics are Palm Beach County Fire Rescue employees while the pilots are Health Care District employees.[19]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Air Canada Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson
American Airlines Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Philadelphia, Washington–National
Seasonal: New York–LaGuardia
Bahamasair Marsh Harbour
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Boston, Detroit, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia
Seasonal: Minneapolis/St Paul (ends January 2, 2019)[20]
Frontier Airlines Trenton
Seasonal: Cleveland (begins November 15, 2018), Columbus-Glenn (begins November 16, 2018), Long Island/Islip, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh (begins November 17, 2018), Raleigh/Durham (begins November 15, 2018), St. Louis (begins November 15, 2018)
JetBlue Airways Boston, Hartford, Newark, New York–JFK, New York–LaGuardia, Providence (begins February 14, 2019), Washington–National, White Plains
Silver Airways Key West, Marsh Harbour, Nassau, South Bimini
Southern Airways Express Key West, Tampa (both begin November 8, 2018)[21]
Southwest Airlines Atlanta, Baltimore, Dallas-Love (begins March 10, 2019),[22] Long Island/Islip, New York–LaGuardia (begins November 10, 2018)
Seasonal: Chicago–Midway, Hartford, Pittsburgh, Providence, St. Louis
Spirit Airlines Seasonal: Atlantic City, Boston, Chicago–O'Hare, Detroit (begins December 21, 2018)[23]
Sun Country Airlines Seasonal: Minneapolis/St Paul
United Airlines Chicago–O'Hare, Newark
Seasonal: Houston–Intercontinental

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
FedEx Express Memphis
UPS Airlines Fort Myers, Louisville, Orlando

Statistics[edit]

Southwest Airlines Boeing 737 at PBI
Delta Air Lines McDonnell Douglas MD-90 at PBI
jetBlue Airways Airbus A320 at PBI
American Airlines Airbus A320 at PBI
United Airlines Boeing 737 at PBI

Top destinations[edit]

Busiest domestic routes to and from PBI (August 2017 – July 2018)[24]
Rank City Passengers Carriers
1 Atlanta, Georgia 622,190 Delta, Southwest
2 Newark, New Jersey 412,480 JetBlue, United
3 New York–La Guardia, New York 300,060 American, Delta, JetBlue
4 Boston, Massachusetts 239,440 Delta, JetBlue, Spirit
5 Charlotte, North Carolina 238,850 American
6 New York–JFK, New York 237,870 JetBlue
7 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 154,340 American, Southwest
8 Baltimore, Maryland 136,920 Southwest
9 White Plains, New York 132,340 JetBlue
10 Islip, New York 123,320 Frontier, Southwest

Annual traffic[edit]

Annual passenger traffic (enplaned + deplaned), 1989 - 2017[25]
Year Passengers Year Passengers Year Passengers
1989 5,115,700 1999 5,742,634 2009 5,994,606
1990 5,691,410 2000 5,842,594 2010 5,887,723
1991 5,077,573 2001 5,939,404 2011 5,769,583
1992 5,023,693 2002 5,483,662 2012 5,609,168
1993 5,074,132 2003 6,014,186 2013 5,691,747
1994 5,588,434 2004 6,537,263 2014 5,886,384
1995 5,418,831 2005 7,014,237 2015 6,265,530
1996 5,680,913 2006 6,824,789 2016 6,264,397
1997 5,813,361 2007 6,936,449 2017 6,322,452
1998 5,899,482 2008 6,476,303

Public transportation[edit]

Palm Tran buses No. 40 and No. 44 serve the airport. Both provide connections to the West Palm Beach Tri-Rail/Amtrak/Greyhound station.

Controversies[edit]

In conjunction with the slated construction of a new ATC tower at PBIA, the Federal Aviation Administration intended to transfer all of PBIA's air traffic controllers whose assigned sector is between 5 and 40 miles (60 km) from the airport to a remote facility at Miami International Airport. Ground traffic controllers, and approach controllers whose sector is within 5 miles (8 km) of the runway would have remained at PBIA. The FAA cited the move as a cost-cutting measure, but critics say that it creates a risk to South Florida air traffic if the Miami facility is damaged in a hurricane, or terrorist attack. The National Air Traffic Controllers Association opposed the move. The remote facility at Miami International Airport houses air traffic controllers for Miami and Fort Lauderdale international airports.

Donald Trump sued to block the expansion of one of the runways at PBIA in 2010.[26] In 2015 he initiated a lawsuit over the flight path that passes over his Mar-a-Lago estate.[27]

Accidents and incidents[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b FAA Airport Master Record for PBI (Form 5010 PDF), effective December 17, 2009
  2. ^ a b c d e "History | Palm Beach International Airport | PBI". www.pbia.org. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
  3. ^ a b "U. S. Military in West Palm Beach". Palm Beach County History Online. Retrieved November 7, 2018.
  4. ^ a b Palm Beach Air Force Base
  5. ^ "To Palm Beach International Airport Effective April 15, 1975". www.departedflights.com. Retrieved 2018-11-06.
  6. ^ "To West Palm Beach Effective November 15, 1979". www.departedflights.com. Retrieved 2018-11-06.
  7. ^ "To West Palm Beach Effective February 15, 1985". www.departedflights.com. Retrieved 2018-11-06.
  8. ^ DiPaola, Jim (October 24, 1988). "Thousands Get Terminal Fever Magicians, Dancers, Musicians Create Festive Pbia Opening". Sun-Sentinel. Archived from the original on October 10, 2018. Retrieved October 10, 2018.
  9. ^ Webb, Kristina. "NEW: Trump finally gets wall — to shield Air Force One at PBIA". The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
  10. ^ "Wall of buses ready at Palm Beach airport in anticipation of Trump visit for Thanksgiving". Washington Examiner. 2017-11-19. Retrieved 2018-11-07.
  11. ^ "FAASTeam Notice – NOTC2052: Palm Beach International Airport (PBI) Runway Designation Change, effective December 17, 2009". Federal Aviation Administration. Retrieved December 16, 2009.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-05-27. Retrieved 2009-04-10.
  13. ^ "Station 81". Palm Beach County Fire Rescue. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  14. ^ "Air Stair 1". Palm Beach County Fire Rescue. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  15. ^ "Dragon 1". Palm Beach County Fire Rescue. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  16. ^ "Foam 81". Palm Beach County Fire Rescue. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  17. ^ "Support 81". Palm Beach County Fire Rescue. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  18. ^ a b "Station Trauma Hawk". Palm Beach County Fire Rescue. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  19. ^ a b c "Trauma Hawk". Palm Beach County Fire Rescue. Retrieved 25 February 2015.
  20. ^ https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/281012/delta-sep-2018-jan-2019-domestic-routes-cancellations/
  21. ^ "Southern Airways Express is coming to West Palm Beach from both Key West and Tampa for the first time". Retrieved 18 October 2018.
  22. ^ https://www.swamedia.com/releases/release-6ef4ac045e1f792fbc952ffc65061bc3-spring-forward-southwest-airlines-gets-ready-for-spring-break-with-more-nonstop-routes
  23. ^ https://globenewswire.com/news-release/2018/06/07/1518522/0/en/More-Go-Coming-Right-Up-Spirit-Airlines-Extends-Schedule-through-February-2019-with-Seven-New-Routes.html
  24. ^ "Statistics". transtats.bts.gov.
  25. ^ "Palm Beach International Airport - Palm Beach County Florida". www.pbia.org.
  26. ^ Playford, Adam. Trump sues to prevent runway expansion, The Palm Beach Post, palmbeachpost.com, July 19, 2010
  27. ^ Matt Sedensky (January 13, 2015). "Trump sues for $100M, says air traffic targets him". USA Today. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
  28. ^ "Florida Today". Florida Today.
  29. ^ "Plane crash investigation moves forward as victims are identified".
  30. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-04-21. Retrieved 2014-04-20. "Spirit Airlines emergency landing at Palm Beach International Airport"
  31. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-26. Retrieved 2014-03-26. "Delta Flight 2014 from Atlanta to West Palm Beach lands safely after declaring emergency"
  32. ^ https://www.rt.com/usa/352547-mass-casualty-palm-beach/ "Passengers evacuated over fuel leak at Palm Beach International Airport"

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 26°41′00″N 80°05′44″W / 26.6832°N 80.0956°W / 26.6832; -80.0956