Palm Sunday church bombings

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

2017 Palm Sunday church bombings
Part of Insurgency in Egypt (2013–present)
Palm Sunday church bombings is located in Egypt
Tanta
Tanta
Alexandria
Alexandria
Palm Sunday church bombings (Egypt)
Location Tanta and Alexandria, Egypt
Coordinates 30°47′34″N 31°00′19″E / 30.792838°N 31.005390°E / 30.792838; 31.005390 (Tanta), 31°11′54″N 29°53′59″E / 31.198363°N 29.899601°E / 31.198363; 29.899601 (Alexandria)
Date 9 April 2017, Palm Sunday
Target Coptic Christians
Attack type
Suicide bombings
Weapons Explosive vests
Deaths

Tanta: 30
Alexandria: 17

Total: 47
Non-fatal injuries

Tanta: 78
Alexandria: 48

Total: 126
Suspected perpetrator
Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Sinai Province (claimed)

On Palm Sunday, 9 April 2017, twin suicide bombings took place at St. George's Church in the northern Egyptian city of Tanta on the Nile delta, and Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, the principal church in Alexandria, seat of the Coptic papacy. At least 45 people were reported killed and 126 injured. Amaq News Agency said the attacks were carried out by a security detachment of the ISIS.

Background[edit]

In February 2017, ISIS called for attacks on Christians,[1][2][3] and during the Sinai insurgency, hundreds of Christians fled their homes in the North Sinai after a "concerted campaign of assassination and intimidation".[4][5][6][7][8] The bombings occurred under President (and former general) Abdel Fattah el-Sisi who has emphasized national security during his rule, and who recently returned from a trip to the United States to visit President Donald Trump, a trip widely regarded as successful and as a confirmation of the US administration's support for Sisi's fight against ISIS.[4]

Bombing[edit]

After bombing in Alexandria

On Palm Sunday, 9 April 2017, an explosive device was detonated inside St. George's Church in the Nile Delta city of Tanta. According to eyewitnesses, as they were attending the Divine Liturgy, a man in a brown jacket rapidly charged toward the altar before detonating an explosive belt. This man, Mahmoud Mohamed Ali Hussein, is believed to have been in charge of both church bombings in Tanta and Alexandria.[9] Video footage showed people assembled at the church, chanting the liturgy. The video rapidly changed to bars, as screams of terror and crying were heard in the background.[10] A preliminary report by the prosecution determined that the bomb contained TNT, as well as large amounts of metallic screws and highly flammable substances.[11]

Picture of martyrs of St. George's Church in Tanta

Later at Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral in Alexandria, historical seat of the Coptic papacy, another device exploded near the cathedral's gates. The incident occurred minutes after Pope Tawadros II left the church to follow the developments of the Tanta bombing. The pope escaped unharmed.[9] Conflicting reports emerged over the identity of the perpetrator. Egyptian television published a photo of a man who was stopped and interrogated near the entrance. The suspect reportedly detonated a suicide belt when members of the security force, assigned to this church, tried to arrest him.[12] Other camera footage, however, showed a different man trying to pass through the metal detectors at the entrance, a few seconds before the bomb went off.[13]

Casualties[edit]

According to the Associated Press, the bombing in Alexandria killed 17 people and injured 48.[14] In Tanta, 28 people were reported by CNN to have been killed[15] while the Associated Press reported that 78 were injured,[14] for a total of 45 people killed[15] and 126 injured in both attacks.[14]

Aftermath[edit]

In Tanta, security forces sealed off all the streets leading to the church and set up emergency checkpoints, allowing bomb disposal experts to examine the church and cars parked in its surroundings for any remaining explosives. Egypt's interior minister, Magdy Abdel Ghaffar, Prosecutor-General, Nabil Sadek, and other government officials arrived at the scene shortly after the bombing. Forensic experts identified an unknown severed head as a possible suspect in the attack.[9] Tanta's residents, who were demonstrating nearby, physically assaulted Major General Hossam el-Din Khalifa, head of the Gharbia's Security Directorate. Khalifa, along with other heads of security, were dismissed later that day by Abdel Ghaffar.[16]

Three other explosive devices were dismantled by police. Two of them were left by an unknown individual in front of Sidi Abdel Rahim Mosque in Tanta, which contains a Sufi shrine. The other was in Alexandria's Collège Saint Marc.[17][18]

State of emergency[edit]

On the same day, Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi announced that a three-month state of emergency will be imposed.[19] The attack has been seen as underscoring the failure of Egypt's intelligence agencies to "anticipate a coordinated wave of attacks" and the difficulty of stopping suicide attacks, despite the "largely unfettered powers" of the President el-Sisi and his imprisonment and exiling of "thousands of political opponents".[4]

The three-month state of emergency must be approved by the Parliament of Egypt. Following its approval, President El-Sisi will have the authority to increase the powers of the police in arrests, surveillance, and seizures.[20]

Responsibility[edit]

An online statement via the Amaq News Agency said, "A security detachment of the Islamic State carried out the attacks against the two churches in the cities of Tanta and Alexandria".[21][22][23] The two Egyptian suicide bombers were named Abu Ishaq Al-Masri and Abu Al-Baraa Al-Masri.[24]

The group previously said the Islamic State was responsible for the December 2016 Botroseya Church bombing at St. Peter and St. Paul's Church in Cairo, which killed 29 people and injured 47 others.[25]

Identification[edit]

On 12 April 2017, Egyptian Interior Ministry identified Mahmud Hassan Mubarak Abdullah from the Arab Al Ashraf tribe, born in 1986 in Qena Governorate, as the bomber who had carried out the attack outside Saint Mark's church in Alexandria by comparing the DNA of remains found at the site of the bombing with the DNA of runaway suspects.[26] A day later, Egyptian authorities identified the second bomber as Mamduh Amin Mohammed Baghdadi also from Al Ashraf tribe, born in 1977 in Qena Governorate.[27]

Reactions[edit]

Domestic[edit]

The Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi summoned the national security council,[28] and said that those wounded could receive medical care at military hospitals.[23] The following day, president el-Sisi declared a three-month state of emergency across the country.[29]

The Egyptian Council of Churches, through its secretary-general, priest Rifaat Fathy, expressed its condolences to the victims' relatives and to Pope Tawadros II, and announced its support to Sisi's swift response to the events and to the counter-terrorism efforts of the country's security apparatus.[30]

The head of Al-Azhar, Egypt's leading center for the study of Sunni Islam, Sheikh Ahmed el-Tayeb, denounced the deadly attacks, calling them a "despicable terrorist bombing that targeted the lives of innocents."[31] Following the attacks, Muslims gathering inside mosques to donate blood for victims. Egyptians also showed solidarity with the victims by using a hashtag on social media that translates to "your terrorism brings us together."[32]

International[edit]

The governments of Armenia,[33] Australia,[34] Canada,[35] China,[36] Colombia,[37] Cyprus,[38] France,[39] Germany,[40] Greece,[41] Hungary,[42] India,[43] Indonesia,[44] Iran,[45] Iraq,[46] Israel,[47] Japan,[48] Jordan,[49] Lebanon,[49] Malaysia,[50] Morocco,[51] Pakistan,[52] Poland,[53] Romania,[54] Russia,[55] Saudi Arabia,[56] Singapore,[57] Switzerland,[58] Turkey,[59] and the United States[60] condemned the attacks, as did the United Nations Security Council and United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres.[61]

The Holy See received news of the attacks while Pope Francis was holding the Palm Sunday mass in front of thousands in St. Peter's Square. The Roman Catholic pope, who is due to visit Egypt on 28 April, offered his condolences to his "brother" Tawadros II and to "all of the dear Egyptian nation" during his speech, while praying for the dead and the wounded.[62][63] The World Council of Churches and the Archbishop of Canterbury, Justin Welby, also spoke out against the attacks.[64][65] Despite the recent events the Pope's visit to Egypt will proceed as planned.[66]

Saudi Arabia's highest religious body, the Council of Senior Scholars (also known as the Senior Council of Ulema) condemned the twin Egypt church attacks, saying the bombings represented a "criminal act considered forbidden by Islamic consensus...these bombings have violated several tenants [sic] of Islam; from treachery to sin and aggression."[67]

The International Muslim Brotherhood condemned the attack as "painfully tragic" and that "the blood of the innocent will be a curse on the oppressors" whilst stating blame was due to the government who came to power after the 2013 coup in Egypt.[68]

US President Donald Trump condemned the attacks via social media; he said on his Twitter account: "So sad to hear of the terrorist attack in Egypt. U.S. strongly condemns."[69]

After the attacks, Israel closed the Taba Border Crossing with Egypt.[70]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fernandez, Alberto M. (22 February 2017). "ISIS Egypt Is Openly Betting On Bigotry As A Winning Strategy". MEMRI.
  2. ^ Petkar, Sofia (21 February 2017). "'God gave orders to kill every infidel' ISIS vows to massacre Christians in chilling video". Express. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  3. ^ "In New Video, ISIS Threatens To Increase Attacks On Copts". MEMRI. 20 February 2017. Archived from the original on 22 March 2017. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  4. ^ a b c Samaan, Magdy; Walsh, Declan (9 April 2017). "Egypt Declares State of Emergency, as Attacks Undercut Promise of Security". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  5. ^ "Copts flee Sinai after suspected ISIS attacks". AL Arabiya. 9 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  6. ^ "On The Backdrop Of Copts Fleeing Sinai, Egyptian Establishment, Al-Azhar Criticized For Helplessness In Dealing With ISIS, Discrimination Of Copts". MEMRI.
  7. ^ Walsh, Declan; Youssef, Nour (24 February 2017). "Targeted by ISIS, Egyptian Christians Flee Violence" – via NYTimes.com.
  8. ^ Ian Lee and Sarah Sirgany. "Christians flee their homes after ISIS attacks in Egypt". CNN.
  9. ^ a b c Saad, Wael; et al. (9 April 2017). "أسبوع "آلام" كل المصريين.. دماء على جدران الكنائس". El Watan. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  10. ^ "Church bombing in Egypt kills at least 21 at Palm Sunday". YouTube. 9 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  11. ^ Al-Mogy, Omnia (9 April 2017). "تحقيقات النيابة: الحزام المستخدم بتفجير طنطا احتوى على "تى إن تى" ومسامير". Youm7. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  12. ^ "الإسكندرية.. انتحاري يهاجم كنيسة كان بها البابا تواضروس". Al Arabiya. 9 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  13. ^ "هل صاحب الصورة هو انتحاري كنيسة الإسكندرية؟". Al Arabiya. 9 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  14. ^ a b c Hendawi, Hamza (9 April 2017). "Palm Sunday church bombings in Egypt kill 43, wound dozens". AP News. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  15. ^ a b Joe Sterling, Sarah Sirgany and Ian Lee (10 April 2017). "Egypt Cabinet OKs state of emergency after Palm Sunday church bombings". CNN.
  16. ^ "بالفيديو.. أهالي طنطا يعتدون على مدير أمن الغربية داخل كنيسة مارجرجس". RT Arabic. 9 April 2017. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  17. ^ Samaan, Magdy; Walsh, Declan (9 April 2017). "Egypt Declares State of Emergency, as Attacks Undercut Promise of Security". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  18. ^ Nassef, Rafik; Fathy, Ahmed (9 April 2017). "تفكيك قنبلتين أمام مسجد "سيدي عبد الرحيم" في طنطا". El Watan. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
  19. ^ "Egypt declares state of emergency after church bombings". Al Jazeera.
  20. ^ "Egypt declares state of emergency after church bombings - AlJazeera".
  21. ^ "Church bombings in Egypt kill 37, wound dozens". Reuters. 9 April 2017. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  22. ^ "Egypt: Isis claims responsibility for Coptic church bombings". The Guardian. 9 April 2017. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  23. ^ a b "ISIS Claims 2 Deadly Explosions at Egyptian Coptic Churches on Palm Sunday". New York Times. 9 April 2017. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  24. ^ "Who were the suicide bombers behind Egypt's deadly church attacks?". Arab Today. 10 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  25. ^ "ISIS claims deadly Cairo church bombing". Al Arabiya English. 13 December 2016. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  26. ^ "Egypt says Alexandria church suicide bomber identified". 12 April 2017. 12 April 2017.
  27. ^ "Egypt says second church suicide bomber identified". Yahoo News. 14 April 2017.
  28. ^ Germany. "Terror in Ägypten: Zweiter Anschlag auf Christen – Präsident Sisi beruft Sicherheitsrat ein". Spiegel Online. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  29. ^ "Egypt declares state of emergency after deadly church attacks". BBC. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  30. ^ Rahoma, Mostafa (10 April 2017). ""كنائس مصر": نثمن قرارات الرئيس ونقدر تضحيات الشرطة والجيش". El Watan. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  31. ^ "Church bombing north of Cairo kills 25 on Palm Sunday". Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  32. ^ Grinberg, Emanuella; Sirgany, Sarah (9 April 2017). "Egyptians respond to ISIS church bombings: 'Your terrorism brings us together'". CNN. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
  33. ^ "President Sargsyan extends condolences to President of Egypt on terror attacks". Armenpress. 9 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  34. ^ "The government condemns Egypt terror attacks". AAP. Sky News. 10 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  35. ^ "Statement by the Prime Minister of Canada on the terrorist attacks on Coptic Christian churches in Egypt". Prime Minister of Canada. 9 April 2017. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  36. ^ "China strongly condemns church terrorist attacks in Egypt". Xinhua. 10 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  37. ^ "Comunicado de prensa sobre los ataques terroristas ocurridos el 9 de abril en Egipto". Ministry of Foreign Affairs (in Spanish). Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  38. ^ "Cyprus 'devastated' by the attacks in Egypt". Famagusta Gazette. 10 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  39. ^ "France condemns Egypt church bombing". Ahram Online. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  40. ^ "Bundesregierung verurteilt Anschlag auf Kirche in Ägypten". Lübecker Nachrichten (in German). Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  41. ^ "Greece Condemns Deadly Bomb Attack in Egypt". Greek Reporter. 9 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  42. ^ "Prime Minister Viktor Orbán offered his condolences on account of victims of church attack in Egypt". Government of Hungary. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  43. ^ "PM Narendra Modi Condemns Egypt Church Bombings". NDTV. 10 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  44. ^ "Indonesia Condemns Palm Sunday Bomb Attacks in Egypt". Jakarta Globe. 10 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  45. ^ "Iran Condemns Egypt Church Attacks". Tasnim News Agency. 10 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  46. ^ "Iraq condemns church bomb attacks in Egypt". Global Times. 9 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  47. ^ "Israel offers condolences for victims of Egypt church attacks". The Jerusalem Post. 9 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  48. ^ "Japan condemns terrorist attacks on Egypt's churches". Kuwait News Agency. 10 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  49. ^ a b "Egypt declares 3-month emergency state after deadly church blasts". CCTV. 10 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  50. ^ "PM Najib condemns attacks in Tanta and Alexandria". Bernamai. 10 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  51. ^ "Morocco Strongly Condemns Terrorist Attacks against Churches in Egypt". Morocco World News. 9 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  52. ^ "Pakistan Strongly Condemns Terrorist Attacks on Coptic Churches in Egypt". Radio Pakistan. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  53. ^ Andrzej Duda Twitter 9 April 2017
  54. ^ "Romania's Foreign Ministry condemns terrorist attacks in Egypt". AGERPRESS. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  55. ^ "Putin offers condolences to Egyptian president after blast in Tanta". TASS Russian News Agency. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
  56. ^ arabnews.com.
  57. ^ "Singapore strongly condemns twin church attacks in Egypt, no Singaporeans affected". The Straits Times. 10 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  58. ^ "Swiss condemn attack on Coptic Christians in Egypt". Swissinfo. 9 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  59. ^ "Turkey condemns Egyptian church bombing". Anadolu Agency. 9 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  60. ^ Donald J. Trump Twitter 9 April 2017.
  61. ^ "Security Council, UN Secretary-General and UN group condemn terror attacks in Egypt". UN News Center. 9 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  62. ^ "Pope offers condolences after Christian bloodshed in Egypt". Euronews. 9 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  63. ^ "Palm Sunday: Pope decries suffering caused by terrorism". The Catholic Herald. AP. 9 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  64. ^ Kenny, Peter (9 April 2017). "Pope Francis and World Council of Churches condemn terror attacks on Egyptian Christians". Ecumenical News. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  65. ^ "ISIS Claims 2 Deadly Explosions at Egyptian Coptic Churches on Palm Sunday". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  66. ^ Blumberg, Antonia (10 April 2017). "Pope Francis will Visit Egypt as Planned despite Bombings of Christian Churches". Huffington Post. Retrieved 11 April 2017.
  67. ^ Saudi Arabia’s highest religious body condemns twin Egypt church attacks
  68. ^ Ikhwanweb
  69. ^ "Church bombing north of Cairo kills 25 on Palm Sunday". CBS News. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  70. ^ "Israel riegelt Grenze zu Ägypten ab". Focus (in German). Focus. Retrieved 10 April 2017.