Palma Bucarelli (16 March 1910 – 25 July 1998) was an Italian arts administrator, the director of the Galleria Nazionale d'Arte Moderna (GNAM) in Rome from 1942 to 1975.
As a young art historian she worked at the Galleria Borghese and in Naples. During her thirty-three years as head of the Italian National Gallery of Modern Art, Bucarelli was responsible for protecting the gallery's collections from damage while it was closed during World War II; she arranged to place paintings and sculptures in historic buildings including the Palazzo Farnese and Castel Sant'Angelo. She was one of the Italian delegates to the First International Congress of Art Critics, held in 1948 in Paris.
After the war, she oversaw such events as exhibitions of works by Pablo Picasso (1953), Piet Mondrian (1956), Jackson Pollock (1958), Mark Rothko (1962), and the Gruppo di Via Brunetti (1968). She defended controversial works such as Piero Manzoni's '"Merda d'Artista" and Alberto Burri's "Sacco Grande" (1954). Her strong support for abstract and avant-garde works made international headlines in 1959, when she was accused of a bias against figurative art in a public debate. In 1961 she was in the United States, where she gave a lecture in Sarasota, Florida and attended the opening of a major exhibit on Futurism at the Detroit Institute of Arts.
Palma Bucarelli married her longtime partner, journalist Paolo Monelli, in 1963. She died in Rome in 1998, from pancreatic cancer, aged 88 years. Her personal collection of art was donated to the National Gallery. Her famously elegant wardrobe was donated to the Boncompagni Ludovisi Decorative Art Museum in Rome. A street near the GNAM was renamed in her memory. The Gallery mounted a show about her influence, "Palma Bucarelli: Il museo come avanguardia", in 2009.
- Lucia Livia Mannella, "Palma Bucarelli" Vogue Italia Encyclo.
- "Palma Bucarelli" Dictionary of Art Historians.
- Denys Sutton, "The First International Congress of Art Critics" College Art Journal 8(2)(Winter 1948): 130.
- Paul Hofmann, "Art Impartiality Pledged by Italy" New York Times (March 7, 1959): 43.
- "Italian Art Expert's Talk is Tonight" Tampa Bay Times (9 November 1961): 13. via Newspapers.com
- Kathie Norman, "VIPs Impressed" Detroit Free Press (17 October 1961): 17. via Newspapers.com
- Laura Larcan, "Un Direttore di nome Palma Bucarelli, la Guggenheim di Roma" la Repubblica (26 June 2009).
- Mariastella Margozzi, Palma Bucarelli: il museo come avanguardia (Electa 2009). ISBN 9788837069902
- Palma Bucarelli, Cronache indipendenti: arte a Roma fra 1945 e 1946 (De Luca Editori d'Arte 2010). ISBN 9788880169659
- Rachele Ferrario, Regina di quadri: vita e passioni di Palma Bucarelli (Mondadori 2010). ISBN 9788804595496
- Lorenzo Cantatore, Edoardo Sassi, Palma Bucarelli: immagini di una vita (Palombi 2011). ISBN 9788860603647