Palma Soriano

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Palma Soriano
Municipality
Palma Soriano.JPG
Palma Soriano municipality (red) within Santiago Province (yellow) and Cuba
Palma Soriano municipality (red) within
Santiago Province (yellow) and Cuba
Coordinates: 20°12′50″N 75°59′31″W / 20.21389°N 75.99194°W / 20.21389; -75.99194Coordinates: 20°12′50″N 75°59′31″W / 20.21389°N 75.99194°W / 20.21389; -75.99194
CountryCuba
ProvinceSantiago de Cuba
Established1825[1]
Area
 • Total845.8 km2 (326.6 sq mi)
Elevation150 m (490 ft)
Population (2005)[2]
 • Total124,585
 • Density147.3/km2 (382/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Palmero/a
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
Postal code92610
Area code(s)+53 22

Palma Soriano is a Cuban city and municipality in the Santiago de Cuba Province. With a population of 76,179[3] in the city proper, it is the 2nd in the province and the 16th in Cuba.

History[edit]

The city was founded in 1825, uniting ranches (haciendas) that stood in this area, and was the place where the body of José Martí (the leader of the Cuban independence movement, killed in 1895, in the Battle of Dos Ríos.) was brought before it was laid in its final resting place in Santiago de Cuba.

Geography[edit]

The city of Palma Soriano is located on the banks of the upper Cauto River. The municipality is divided into the localities of Aguacate, Arroyo Blanco, Candonga, Dos Palmas, Dos Ríos, El Maniel, Hatillo, Hicotea, La Candelaria, La Curia, Oriente, Ramón de Guaninao, Soledad, Yarayabo and other minor localities.[4]

Until the 1976 national municipal reform, it included the localities of Alto Cedro, Caney del Sitio, Guaninao, José Martí, Juan Barón, La Concepción, Las Cuchillas, Los Dorados, Norte, Palmarito de Cauto, San Leandro, San Ramón, Santa Filomena and Sur.[1]

Demographics[edit]

City hall

In 2004, the municipality of Palma Soriano had a population of 124,585.[2] With a total area of 846 km2 (327 sq mi), it has a population density of 147.3/km2 (382/sq mi).

Transport[edit]

The city is crossed in the middle by the state highway "Carretera Central" (CC), the longest one in Cuba. It is served by a 2 exits (one in the nearby hamlet of Dos Ríos) of the A1 motorway, on the Palma-Santiago section.

About rail transport, Palma Soriano station is part of the San Luis-Bayamo line, and is served by trains to/from Santiago de Cuba, Guantánamo and Manzanillo.

Personalities[edit]

Twin towns[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Guije.com. "Palma Soriano" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2007-10-05.
  2. ^ a b Santiago.cu (2006). "Municipalities of Santiago de Cuba" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2007-12-15. Retrieved 2007-10-05.
  3. ^ Note: whole municipal population is 124,585
  4. ^ 5919051 (x a j h) Palma Soriano on OpenStreetMap
  5. ^ Info at the Berkeley-Palma Soriano Sister City Association website

External links[edit]