Palma de Mallorca Airport
|Palma de Mallorca Airport|
Aeroport de Palma de Mallorca
Aeropuerto de Palma de Mallorca
|Airport type||Public and military|
|Location||Palma de Mallorca|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||7 m / 24 ft|
Palma de Mallorca Airport (Catalan: Aeroport de Palma de Mallorca, Spanish: Aeropuerto de Palma de Mallorca; IATA: PMI, ICAO: LEPA) is an international airport located 8 km (5.0 mi) east of Palma, Majorca, Spain, adjacent to the village of Can Pastilla. Also known as Son Sant Joan Airport or Aeroport de Son Sant Joan, it is the third largest airport in Spain, after Madrid–Barajas and Barcelona. During the summer months it is one of the busiest airports in Europe, and was used by 27.9 million passengers in 2017. The airport is the main base for the Spanish carrier Air Europa and also a focus airport for Ryanair, EasyJet and Vueling. The airport shares runways with the nearby Son Sant Joan Air Force Base, operated by the Spanish Air Force.
- 1 History
- 2 Terminals
- 3 Other facilities
- 4 Airlines and destinations
- 5 Statistics
- 6 Accidents and incidents
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The interest of the Spanish Government in developing airmail during the first decades of the 20th century, put into study the possibility of stablishing an air postal line in the Balearic Islands. Finally, in 1921, the company Aeromarítima Mallorquina stablished the postal line Barcelona - Palma, which used seaplanes in the port of Palma de Mallorca. Before the creation of this airline, trials were made in two flat fields: Son Sant Joan and Son Bonet, both of them being elected for the builiding of aerdromes.
In 1934, with the intention of flying touristic flights to the island, the company Aero-Taxi de Mallorca is created, stablishing a flight school in Son Sant Joan. A year later, another one will be founded in Son Bonet.
In May 1935 the company LAPE, Líneas Aéreas Postales Españolas (Spanish Postal Airlines), antecessor of Iberia; is constituted. A month after, in August, the first regular air route between Madrid and Palma, stopping at Valencia, is created; using the Son Sant Joan aerodrome. A year later, this line is replaced by other, connecting Palma and Barcelona. Three years later, Lufthansa and Iberia stablish new lines in Son Bonet, while Son Sant Joan is beginning to be used by the military. Through the years, Son Bonet will become the main civilian airport in the island, while the creation of Son Sant Joan Air Force Base will limit any further civilian enterprises at the aerodrome.
In 1954, the runway was enlarged and paved to enable the operation of F-86 Sabre fighters, which also meant the diversion of the Palma - Llucmajor road. During those years, the first paved taxiways and aprons were built, while Son Bonet received the first big groups of European tourists thanks to the airlines BEA, Air France and Aviaco.
The creation of the international airport
The increase in traffic, and the inability to enlarge Son Bonet, made the authors of the 1958 National Airport Plan propose building a large civilian airport in the premises of Son Sant Joan airbase. The National Airport Council approved this plan the following year and commercial traffic was transferred from Son Bonet to Son Sant Joan. This would become the birth of what today is known as the Palma de Mallorca Airport. During that year, a terminal and a civilian apron were built south of the military facilities, along with a VHF communication center. Also, a VOR was installed in the island.
Finally, the 7 of July 1960, the airport was opened to both domestic and international traffic.
Just two weeks later, expansion of the airport was declared urgent by the government, and on summer 1961 the works of extension of the runway and taxiway were started. At the end of the year, more plans were made, including a power plant, a communications centre and fire and rescue facilities.
Growth since the 1960s
After reaching 1 million passengers for the first time in 1962, in 1965, a new terminal was constructed, and air navigation services were completed at the end of the following year. Also in 1965 Air Spain (1965 - 1975) began operating from the airport and a smaller terminal, which today is module B was planned to be built. Passenger numbers had increased rapidly, reaching 2 million in 1965. A second runway was also to be built. It was to be built parallel to the existing one, and work began on it in 1970. Two years later, terminal B went into service, and the second runway (06L/24R) opened in 1974.
In 1980, the airport carried 7 million passengers. However, this increased to nearly 10 million in 1986. This yet again led to a new terminal to be constructed, which is today's current central terminal building where passengers both enter and exit the airport and also check in and retrieve their luggage. Construction started in mid-1993 and was designed by the Majorcan architect Pere Nicolau Bover. During the construction in 1995, passenger numbers exceeded 15 million. The new terminal finally opened in 1997.
Following a decline in passenger numbers at the airport following the September 11 attacks in 2001, numbers rose steadily between 2002 and 2007 when traffic peaked at 23.2 million passengers, however from 2007 there has been a decline in passenger numbers with 21.1 million using the airport in 2010. Today, Palma de Mallorca airport carries over 29.7 million passengers to their destinations, with 178,253 aircraft movements, mostly to mainland Spain, Germany and the United Kingdom.
In November 2015, Air Berlin (1978 - 2017) announced that it would shut down its hub operations at the airport which it had maintained for over ten years. All seven domestic connection routes to the mainland - such as flights to Valencia, Bilbao and Sevilla - as well as the route to Faro in Portugal ceased during spring 2016.
During the Summer months the dual-runway airport handles as many movements as London–Gatwick, and on the busiest day of the week as much as 1,100 movements - almost as many as London–Heathrow, the busiest in Europe. According to the operational data provided by AENA, the airport can handle 66 movements per hour or during a 24-hour operational period, almost 1,600 aircraft movements.
Palma de Mallorca Airport occupies an area of 6.3 km2 (2.4 sq mi). Due to rapid growth of passenger numbers, additional infrastructure was added to the two terminals A (1965) and B (1972). This main terminal was designed by local architect Pere Nicolau Bover and was officially opened on 12 April 1997. The airport now consists of four modules: Module A (the former Terminal A Building), Module B (the former Terminal B Building), Module C and Module D (the last two were completely new sets of buildings and gates that opened along with the new central terminal and check in area in 1997). The airport can handle 25 million passengers per year, with a capacity to dispatch 12,000 passengers per hour.
The former Terminal A Building is located in the north of the airport. It has 28 gates of which 8 have airbridges. This is the only Module that has double airbridges attached to gates. The Pier is mainly used by flights to non-Schengen destinations including the UK and Ireland. This part of the terminal building is closed during winter months and is only used in the summer.
The former Terminal B Building is the smallest module, located in the north east. It has 8 gates located on the ground floor, of which none have airbridges. It is used by regional aircraft of Air Nostrum, mainly operating flights to Ibiza Airport, Menorca Airport, Valencia Airport, Lleida Airport, Asturias Airport and Santiago de Compostela Airport.
The largest of the Modules located in the east. It has 33 gates of which 9 have airbridges. It is used by Condor along with EasyJet and Norwegian Air Shuttle flights to Schengen destinations. The majority of airbridges have airberlin.com written on them. The southern area of the Module was worked on and reopened in May 2010. The refurbishment and expansion is so that the Module can handle more flights, and to improve ways to get into the pier as it is the longest walk from security control. There will also be a further 8 gates with airbridges, but there will still be 33 in total.
Located in the south. It has 19 gates of which 10 have airbridges. All odd numbered gates are gates with a bus transfer. The majority of airbridges have airberlin.com written on them. During the closure of the southern area of Module C, it was used mainly for flights to Europe.
Previously Spanair (1986 - 2012) had its head office in the Spanair Building on the airport property. Both Futura International Airways and Iberworld had large operational offices on the premises of the airport but these are no longer in use.
Airlines and destinations
|Swiftair||Barcelona, Madrid, Ibiza, Menorca|
|Updated: 12 January 2018. 2018 Data Provisional.|
|Source: Aena Statistics|
|1||Düsseldorf, Germany||1,277,837||Air Berlín, Lufthansa Group, Condor, TUI fly Deutschland|
|2||Hamburg, Germany||995,272||Air Berlin, Ryanair, Condor, EasyJet|
|3||Frankfurt, Germany||928,737||Air Berlin, Condor, Lufthansa Group, TUI fly Deutschland|
|4||Cologne, Germany||918,383||Lufthansa Group, Air Berlin, Ryanair, Condor|
|5||London–Gatwick, United Kingdom||859,151||EasyJet, Thomas Cook Airlines, TUI Airways|
|6||Manchester, United Kingdom||760,741||Jet2, Ryanair, TUI Airways|
|7||Munich, Germany||730,315||Air Berlin, Lufthansa Group, Condor, TUI fly Deutschland|
|8||Stuttgart, Germany||678,626||Air Berlin, Lufthansa Group, TUI fly Deutschland, Condor|
|9||Hannover, Germany||553,855||Air Berlin, TUI fly Deutschland, Lufthansa Group, Condor|
|10||Zürich, Switzerland||540,951||Lufthansa Group, Air Berlin, Germania, Vueling|
|11||Berlin-Tegel, Germany||477,738||Air Berlin, Lufthansa Group|
|12||London–Stansted, United Kingdom||450,532||Easyjet, Jet2, Ryanair, Thomas Cook Airlines|
|13||Birmingham, United Kingdom||412,849||Jet2, Ryanair, TUI Airways|
|14||Copenhagen, Denmark||399,695||Norwegian, Scandinavian Airlines System, TUI fly Nordic, Primera Air Nordic|
|15||Stockholm, Sweden||386,847||Scandinavian Airlines System, Norwegian, Thomas Cook Airlines, TUI fly Nordic|
|16||Basel-Mulhouse, Switzerland & France||368,578||EasyJet, Air Berlin, TUI fly Deutschland, Lufthansa Group|
|17||East Midlands, United Kingdom||355,718||Jet2, Ryanair, Thomas Cook Airlines, TUI Airways|
|18||Berlin-Schönefeld, Germany||349,848||EasyJet, Ryanair, Condor, Azur Air|
|19||Bristol, United Kingdom||340,782||EasyJet, Ryanair, Thomas Cook Airlines, TUI Airways|
|20||Newcastle, United Kingdom||330,546||EasyJet, Jet2, Ryanair, Thomas Cook Airlines|
Accidents and incidents
- On 4 January 1991, Douglas DC-3 EC-EQH of Aeromarket Express overran the runway on a cargo flight to Menorca Airport and was damaged beyond repair.
- On 8 March 1993, Douglas C-47A EC-FAH of Aeromarket Express crashed on take-off while on a cargo flight to Madrid–Barajas Airport. Both crew were killed.
- On 12 April 2002 Tadair Flight 306 operated by a Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner EC-GKR a cargo flight from Madrid–Barajas Airport to Palma de Mallorca. Flight 306 crashed on landing on runway 24L, killing both pilots.
- "AENA passenger statistics and aircraftmovements". Aena.es.
- Spanish AIP (AENA) Archived 7 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
- http://www.aena.es/csee/Satellite/Aeropuerto-Palma-Mallorca/es/Page/1046276292901//Presentacion.html AENA Aeropuerto de Palma de Mallorca
- "Aeropuerto de Palma de Mallorca - Historia". aena.es (in Spanish). Retrieved 17 September 2018.
- "Palma de Mallorca airport history in the early 90's". Mallorca-pmi.airports-guides.com. 18 May 2014.
- Alex Kuksin, ICQ 31622216. "Lufthansa and Iberia establish routes". Airports-worldwide.com.
- Alex Kuksin, ICQ 31622216. "Palma de Mallorca Airport expansion". Airports-worldwide.com.
- "Air Spain Fleet Details and History". Retrieved 1 June 2015.
- Alex Kuksin, ICQ 31622216. "Terminal A opening". Airports-worldwide.com.
- airliners.de - "Air Berlin shuts down Mallorca hub" (German) 18 November 2015
- "Module C Refurbishment". Majorca.info. 24 April 2010.
- "Spanair to retain HQ in Palma." The Mallorca. 23 December 2008. Retrieved on 18 October 2009.
- "Flight". spies.dk.
- "Only Flight". tui.se.
- "Only Flight". tui.no.
- "Flight Timetable". tui.co.uk. 5 November 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
- "Flight Timetable". TUI Airways. 7 April 2018.
- "Online Flights". iaa.gov.il. 15 March 2018.
- "Aviolet charter schedule" (PDF).
- "TOUR OPERATOR TIMETABLE". milanbergamoairport.it. Retrieved 25 March 2018.
- https://www.routesonline.com/news/38/airlineroute/277482/binter-canarias-schedules-new-routes-launch-in-may-2018/. Missing or empty
- "Charter flights at low prices". tui.pl. 15 March 2018.
- Evelop adds Spain – Portugal links in S18 Routesonline. 4 May 2018.
- "Only Flight". tui.dk.
- "Only Flight". tui.fi.
- "Laudamotion outlines summer 2018 operations". routesonline.com. 16 March 2018.
- "Level launching mid-summer flights". routesonline.com. 28 June 2018.
- "TRONDHEIM AIRPORT - PALMA MALLORCA".
- "Timetable". smallplanet.aero. 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "TUI fly to terminate Karlsruhe presence in mid-4Q18". ch-aviation.com.
- "Aena.es". www.aena.es. Retrieved 2016-12-26.
- "EC-EQH Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
- "EC-FAH Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 25 June 2010.
- "ASN Aircraft accident Swearingen SA227-AC Metro III EC-GKR Palma de Mallorca Airport (PMI)". Aviation-safety.net. 12 April 2002.
Media related to Palma de Mallorca Airport at Wikimedia Commons