|Presented by||Festival International du Film de Cannes|
The Palme d'Or (French pronunciation: [palm(ə) dɔʁ]; English: Golden Palm) is the highest prize awarded at the Cannes Film Festival. It was introduced in 1955 by the organising committee. From 1939 to 1954, the highest prize was the Grand Prix du Festival International du Film.
In 1964, it was replaced again by the Grand Prix du Festival before being reintroduced in 1974 as the Palme d'Or.
In 1954, the Jury of the Festival de Cannes suggested giving an award titled the "Grand Prix of the International Film Festival" with a new design each year from a contemporary artist. At the end of 1954, the Festival's Board of Directors invited several jewellers to submit designs for a palm, in tribute to the coat of arms of the City of Cannes. The original design by the jeweller Lucienne Lazon had the bevelled lower extremity of the stalk forming a heart, and the pedestal a sculpture in terracotta by the artist Sébastien.
In 1955, the first Palme d'Or was awarded to Delbert Mann for Marty, and it remained the highest award until 1964, when copyright issues with the Palme led the Festival to return to the Grand Prix. In 1975 the Palme d'Or was reintroduced and has since remained the symbol of the Cannes Film Festival, awarded every year to the director of the Best Feature Film of the Official Competition, and presented in a case of pure red Morocco leather lined with white suede.
As of 2015, Jane Campion is the only female director to have won the Palme d'Or, for The Piano. However, in 2013, the actresses Adèle Exarchopoulos and Léa Seydoux were also awarded the Palme d'Or, as they received the award as the lead actors of Blue Is the Warmest Colour, alongside director Abdellatif Kechiche. The decision by the Steven Spielberg-headed jury was considered unorthodox. These choices were due to a Cannes policy that forbids the Palme d'Or-winning film from receiving any additional awards, thereby preventing the Jury from rewarding the film's two main actresses. According to Spielberg: "Had the casting been 3% wrong, it wouldn't have worked like it did for us".
Since its reintroduction, the prize has been redesigned several times. At the beginning of the 1980s, the rounded shape of the pedestal, bearing the palm, gradually transformed to become pyramidal in 1984. In 1992 Thierry de Bourqueney redesigned the Palme and its pedestal in hand-cut crystal. The current design, first presented in 1997, is by Caroline Scheufele from Chopard. A single piece of cut crystal forms a cushion for the 24-carat gold palm, which was hand-cast into a wax mould and presented in a case of blue Morocco leather.
The winner of the 2014 Palme d'Or, Winter Sleep—a Turkish film by Nuri Bilge Ceylan—occurred during the same year as the 100th anniversary of Turkish cinema. Upon receiving the award, Ceylan dedicated the prize to both the "young people" involved in the ongoing political unrest in Turkey and the workers who were killed in the Soma mine disaster, which occurred on the day prior to the commencement of the awards event.
- * Director's nationality given at time of film's release.
- § Denotes unanimous win
- ‡ The Palme d'Or for Union Pacific was awarded in retrospect at the 2002 festival. The festival's debut was to take place in 1939, but it was cancelled due to World War II. The organisers of the 2002 festival presented part of the original 1939 selection to a professional jury of six members. The films were: Goodbye Mr. Chips, La Piste du Nord, Lenin in 1918, The Four Feathers, The Wizard of Oz, Union Pacific, and Boefje.
Multiple award winners
Seven directors or co-directors have won the award twice:
- 1946 & 1951 Alf Sjöberg (Sweden)
- 1974 & 1979 Francis Ford Coppola (United States)
- 1988 & 1992 Bille August (Denmark)
- 1985 & 1995 Emir Kusturica (Serbia)
- 1983 & 1997 Shohei Imamura (Japan)
- 1999 & 2005 Luc and Jean-Pierre Dardenne (Belgium)
- 2009 & 2012 Michael Haneke (Austria)
- 2006 & 2016 Ken Loach (Great Britain)
Honorary Palme d'Or
In 2002 the festival began to sporadically award a non-competitive Honorary Palme d'Or to directors who had achieved a notable body of work but who had never won a competitive Palme d'Or. In 2011 the festival announced that the award would be given out annually, however plans for this fell through and it was not awarded again until four years later in 2015. American director Woody Allen was the inaugural recipient while pioneering French filmmaker Agnès Varda was the first woman to receive the award in 2015. In 2016 Jean-Pierre Léaud became the first person to be awarded solely for acting.
|Year||Recipient||Profession||Nationality of Recipient
|2002||Woody Allen||Director||United States|
|2008||Manoel de Oliveira||Director||Portugal|
|2009||Clint Eastwood||Actor/Director||United States|
|2017||Jeffrey Katzenberg||Producer||United States|
- Golden Bear, the highest prize awarded at the Berlin Film Festival
- Golden Lion, the highest prize awarded at the Venice Film Festival
- "A brief history of the Palme d'or". Festival-cannes.com. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
- "Awards at Cannes Film Festival: Golden Palm". The Internet Movie Database. 2008. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
- "Histoire de la Palme d'or, de Lucienne Lazon à Chopard" (in French). Retrieved 2017-05-31.
- "Festival de Cannes - Regulations". Festival-cannes.fr. Retrieved 28 May 2017.
- "Conference of the Jury of 66th Festival de Cannes". Festival de Cannes. 2013. Archived from the original on 30 December 2013. Retrieved 27 May 2013.(video unavailable)
- "A brief history of the Palme d'Or - Festival de Cannes 2013 (International Film Festival)". Festival-cannes.com. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016.
- Xan Brooks (25 May 2014). "Cannes festival ready for shut-eye after Winter Sleep wins Palme d'Or". The Guardian. Guardian News and Media Limited. Retrieved 1 June 2014.
- Lodge, Guy; Gleiberman, Owen (22 May 2016). "Cannes: Ken Loach Wins His Second Palme d'Or for 'I, Daniel Blake'". Variety. Retrieved 27 June 2017.
- "A Honorary Palme at the opening ceremony of the Festival de Cannes". Retrieved 3 September 2015.
- "Director Agnes Varda to receive honorary Palme d'Or". Retrieved 3 September 2015.
- "AGNÈS VARDA TO RECEIVE HONORARY PALME D'OR". Retrieved 3 September 2015.
- Szalai, Georg. "Cannes: Jean-Pierre Leaud to Get Honorary Palme d'Or". Retrieved 31 May 2016.
- Richford, Rhonda (19 May 2017). "Cannes: Jeffrey Katzenberg Feted With Honorary Palme d'Or". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 26 May 2017.