Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras

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Palmeiras
Palmeiras's crest
Full name Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras
Nickname(s) Alviverde (White and Green)
Verdão (Big Green)
Porco (Pig)
Academia de Futebol (Football Academy)
Founded August 26, 1914; 101 years ago (1914-08-26), as Palestra Italia
Stadium Allianz Parque
Ground Capacity 43,713[1]
President Paulo Nobre
Head coach Cuca
League Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
Campeonato Paulista
2015
2016
Série A, 9th
Paulista, 4th
Website Club home page
Current season

Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras (Portuguese pronunciation: [pawˈmejɾɐs]) is a Brazilian football club from São Paulo. The club was founded on August 26, 1914, as Palestra Italia (pronounced: [paˌlɛstɾiˈtaliɐ]), but changed to the current name on September 14, 1942. It is one of the most popular and successful Brazilian clubs, with around 17 million supporters, including a large number of Brazilians of Italian ancestry. Despite being primarily an association football team, Palmeiras competes in a number of different sports, most notably basketball. The football team plays in the Campeonato Paulista,[nb 1] the state of São Paulo's premier state league, as well as in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A,[nb 2] the top tier of the Brazilian football league system.

Palmeiras is one of the most successful clubs in Brazilian football. The team has won 12 national competitions, more than any other club in Brazil. The club's most important titles are 1 Copa Libertadores, 8 national league titles (4 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, 2 Torneio Roberto Gomes Pedrosa and 2 Taça Brasil) and 4 national cups (3 Copa do Brasil and 1 Copa dos Campeões).[2]

In 1951, Palmeiras won the international Copa Rio, known as the first club world association football tournament, after beating Juventus of Italy.[3] In 1999, the team was declared the Champion of the Century in Brazilian football.[4]

History[edit]

Foundation and name[edit]

First badge of 1915
Photo of Palestra Italia in 1916
Photo of Palestra Italia State Champion in 1920
Photo of Palestra Italia State Champion in 1933

Palmeiras was founded on August 26, 1914, initially as Società Sportiva Palestra Italia, by Luigi Cervo, Vicenzo Ragognetti, Luigi Emanuele Marzo and Ezequiel Simone, four Italian men who were members of the Italian community of São Paulo. Its original colors were red, white and green (those of Italy). During the World War II, Brazil entered the war supporting the Allies and its dictatorship along with the Brazilian Expeditionary Force (FEB) forced Palestra Italia (and also a club of the same name in Belo Horizonte, who became Cruzeiro Esporte Clube) to change its name because of the reference to Italy. The original badge (a white ornamental "P" in a green shield) is still present in the current one, and the club has used red as a third color (mostly in friendly games during the club's 75th anniversary).

Palestra Italia against Corinthians in the 1920s

Palestra is born – opening game[edit]

At the beginning of the 20th century, several young Italians decided to start a club whose main goal was to form a football team that would be representative of the Italian community, and face the big names of São Paulo's football elite. Just over three decades earlier, Italy had been unified – a fact that was not known to some Italian-Brazilians and to some non-Italian Brazilians.

There were numerous Italian clubs, but each one represented an Italian Province or was geared to activities other than football. At the time, the game was starting to take hold and drew many players and fans.

The founders of the club sought out the Fanfulla newspaper, which was the media mouthpiece that defended the interests of Italians in Brazil, and entrusted young Vincenzo Ragognetti – another supporter of the idea – to draft an invitation to those interested in forming a sports club.

After several meetings, 46 interested individuals (led by Luigi Marzo and Luigi Cervo) gathered at the Alhambra Room on what is now Rua do Riachuelo, and founded a sports club for all Italian-Brazilians named "Palestra Italia". Ezequiel Simone was named club president. The Italian Consulate in São Paulo became interested in the new club because it would help spread the word among Italians that their country now had one flag and one anthem.

After some initial difficulties, Palestra Italia played its first game in the town of Votorantim (São Paulo State) – beating Savoy 2–0 with goals from Bianco and Alegretti to win the Savoy Cup.[5]


Photo of Palestra Italia in 1932

1920–1930 – First title and purchase of the stadium[edit]

Oscar Francisco Nascimento (1930)

In 1916, the team joined the city's main sports league and held its first official championship match. The following year it would be runner-up in the São Paulo State Championship, facing Corinthians for the first time. Palestra won that initial game 3–0 with three goals from Caetano; it also won the rematch 3–1 of what would become the team's chief rivalry. In 1920, Palestra Italia captured the São Paulo State championship with a victory over the rugged Paulistano squad in the deciding match.

Palestra continued to grow as a sports club and also began acquiring more assets. Estádio Palestra Itália, purchased in 1920, was remodeled and expanded in 1933 – when it became the first Brazilian stadium with concrete grandstands and barbed-wire fences. Starting in 1964, the playing field would be suspended, which gave fans a complete, broad view and also created space in the lower levels.

The club continued to grow and won more championships, and at the outset of the 1930s became the three-time São Paulo State football and basketball champion – a feat which prompted Palestra fans to chant in celebration: "With the feet or with the hands, Palestra is the best in the land."[5]

A Leader Dies, A Champion is Born[edit]

Photo of Palestra Italia State Champion in 1940
Palmeiras in 1942

In 1942 during World War II, the government of President Getúlio Vargas made a decree banning any organization from using names related to the Axis Powers (Germany, Italy, and Japan). Palestra Italia was compelled to change its name, and became Palestra São Paulo. "Palestra" is a Greek word that did not violate the government measure. However, the change did not soothe political and sporting pressures. Under penalty of forfeiting all its assets to another club and facing ejection from the championship that it currently led, Palestra was forced to change its name a second time. The night before the last game of the State championship, scheduled for 20 September 1942, the Palestra board of directors held a heated meeting and changed the club's name. When the debate reached its peak, Dr. Mario Minervino took the floor and asked club Secretary, Dr. Pascoal W. Byron Giuliano, to note in the minutes:

– "They don't want us to be Palestra, so then we shall be Palmeiras – born to be champions."

Tensions flared during the final league match, where Palmeiras' opponent was São Paulo Futebol Clube (SPFC) which was laying claim to the assets of the former Palestra Italia.

Palmeiras took the field carrying the Brazilian flag under the leadership of army Captain Adalberto Mendes. Palmeiras was leading the score by 3–1 when a penalty was called in its favor. At that moment, the SPFC ordered its players to consider the Palmeiras squad an enemy of the homeland and pulled its side off the field amid jeers from even the club's own fans. The celebrations began on the spot. The next day, newspapers contained a photograph of Palmeiras entering the field with the headline: "A Leader Dies, A Champion is Born."[5]

First World Champion 1951[edit]

Copa Rio 1951 Trofee

In January 1951, the Brazilian sports newspaper O Globo Sportivo ran a lead story reporting that FIFA President Jules Rimet would grant unconditional support to holding a world club championship in Rio de Janeiro.

The first Rio Cup was held in 1951, with the participation of eight squads, divided into two brackets of four teams apiece: Vasco da Gama (Brazil), Austria Vienna (Austria), Nacional (Uruguay), and Sporting Lisbon (Portugal), playing in Rio; and Palmeiras (Brazil), Juventus (Italy), Red Star (Yugoslavia), and Olympique (France) playing in São Paulo. Clubs such as Malmo, Rapid Vienna, Austria Vienna, Tottenham among others were invited to participate in the tournament but not interested. FIFA acknowledged in 2000 and declared in 2007 that Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras is the first team to be world champion among clubs.

The zeal to compete in this contest was such that the Uruguayan Football Association issued a directive signed by all first division team bosses on June 15, 1951 suspending its national championship from June 25 to July 27, so that a sufficiently strong Nacional team could represent the 1950 World Cup champs.

Palmeiras and Juventus played in the final, held over two matches. Palmeiras managed to win one game and tied the other to win the Rio Cup.[5]

The Academy, The Brazilian giant[edit]

Ademir da Guia
Luís Pereira (right) at the 1974 FIFA World Cup

In the 1960s, the standard of quality of Palmeiras play – led by the one who would come to symbolize this period of football excellence, Ademir da Guia – led the Palestra Italia team to be called the "Academy" of Brazilian football.

Headed by Filpo Nunes, Palmeiras players won the most important national competition in 1965, the Rio – São Paulo championship, with stand-out performances. Blow-outs against top rivals included seven goals scored against Santos, five against Botafogo in their home stadium of Maracanã, five against São Paulo, and another four scored against Vasco. The title came to Palmeiras in another lopsided victory against Botafogo at Pacaembú Stadium in São Paulo.

That same year, the Brazilian Sports Federation (CBD) used the entire Palmeiras roster to launch Minerão Stadium and represent Brazil in an official national team match against Uruguay for the Inconfidência Cup. The day that it donned the green and white, Palmeiras as Brazil was victorious 3–0 over the Uruguayan blue.

In the previous year, Palmeiras had won the Rio de Janeiro Quadricentennial Cup by beating the Paraguayan national team 5–2 and besting Peñarol of Uruguay in the final.

At the end of the 1970s, Palmeiras won the Copa do Brasil and the Roberto Gomes Pedrosa tournament – the Brazilian Championship equivalent at the time. These victories laid the groundwork for the second Palmeiras Academy, with players like Luís Pereira, Leivinha, Emerson Leão, Dudu and César.

Led by Oswaldo Brandão, the team captured several titles in the 1970s. It was three-time São Paulo State champion – emerging undefeated in one of those tournaments – two-time Brazilian Champion, three-time winner of Spain's Ramón de Carranza Trophy, and winner of Argentina's Mar del Plata Trophy – considered the South American Club Championship.[5]

1980s: The lost decade[edit]

Accustomed to victories at the "Academy" in the 1960s and 1970s, Palmeiras fans saw the 1980s come and go without championships or titles. In 1986, Palmeiras fielded a good team – routing Corinthians 5–1 and playing an historic game in the semifinals of the São Paulo State Championship against that same rival, prevailing 3–0. The team had arrived at the final of the State Championship – 10 years after winning its last State title – but lost to Inter de Limeira.

On October 29, 1986, Palmeiras fans adopted the "Pig" as their mascot. At a game against Santos, the rival fans were chanting "pig"; the Palmeiras crowd responded with "Come On Pig!! Come On Pig!! Olé Olé Olé..." and "Go Piiiig...." A few days later, Placar sports magazine popularised the new nickname when it published an issue with Jorginho Putinatti – the symbol of that generation – holding a pig in his lap.

There were two noteworthy events during this decade. In the 1983 State Championship against Santos, referee José de Assis Aragão scored a goal for Palmeiras in the 47th minute of the second half. Striker Jorginho kicked inside the penalty area, the ball was on its way out but it hit Aragão – who was on the goal line about a meter from the goal and went into the Santos net. The game ended in a 2–2 tie – much to the chagrin of Santos.

The second unexpected event occurred on November 11, 1988, when striker Gaúcho defended two penalties against Flamengo in a game for the Brazilian Championship at Maracanã. Gaúcho was put in goal after keeper Zetti broke a leg in the final minutes of the match. The game ended in a tie, and advanced to the penalty shootout phase. During the shootout, Gaúcho stopped two shots, from Aldair and Zinho. To cap off the evening, he scored a penalty himself while wearing the goalkeeper's jersey.

Zinho

In 1989, Palmeiras had another chance to celebrate a title. Undefeated until the second last match, the team was eliminated when it lost to Bragantino in the semifinals of the São Paulo State Championship. The 1980s ended without significant victories, but the 1990s would make up for that.[5]

The End of the 20th Century – The Greatest in Brazil[edit]

Palmeiras found itself in a sixteen-year hiatus without any significant trophies until 1992, when the club signed a sponsorship deal with Italian dairy giant Parmalat. The deal lasted for eight years and quickly turned Palmeiras into Brazil's richest club.

In the 1990s, Palmeiras enjoyed countless achievements, winning numerous important titles. In the first full year of the relationship with Parmalat, the team won the Campeonato Paulista in 1993, beating its biggest rival Corinthians in the final. That same year, it also captured the Rio-São Paulo Championship as well as the Campeonato Brasileiro. The next year, it achieved the unprecedented feat of becoming two-time State Champion and two-time Brazilian Champion.

Edmundo

In 1996 it handily won the Campeonato Paulista, scoring more than 100 goals. Palmeiras also won the Mercosur Cup and the Copa do Brasil, both in 1998.

Featuring players with tremendous technical prowess like Edmundo, Evair, Zinho, Rivaldo, Alex, Marcos and César Sampaio, Palmeiras achieved victory at South America's premier competition, the Copa Libertadores de América in 1999; an accomplishment ranking among the biggest in the club's history.

In 2000, it would also win the Brazilian Champions' Cup, a tournament contested between Brazil's top-level clubs.

Having won key national and international competitions, Palmeiras was proclaimed Brazilian football's Best Team of the 20th Century of Brazil by the São Paulo State Football Federation (FPF), newspapers Folha and Estado de São Paulo, and Placar magazine rankings.[5]

Luiz Felipe Scolari

1999 – Libertadores Cup Winners[edit]

Famous coach Luiz Felipe Scolari led the team to one of the club's most important titles: The 1999 Libertadores Cup. The final match was against Deportivo Cali from Colombia. Important players from that team were World Cup winners Marcos, Zinho and Roque Júnior, as well as Alex, Evair, Paulo Nunes and César Sampaio. In the first leg, in Cali, Deportivo beat Palmeiras 1–0. In the second leg, at Estádio Palestra Itália, Palmeiras beat Deportivo 2–1 and won the competition in the penalty shootout.

In the same year, in Tokyo, Palmeiras disputed Intercontinental Cup, but were defeated in the final by Manchester United of England.[6] Therefore, the Palmeiras fans still dream of their greatest glory, a Club World Cup by FIFA.

Marcos

2000 – 4 Finals disputed[edit]

In 2000, Palmeiras disputed 4 Final Championship Matches. At first, the team won the Rio-São Paulo Tournament after beating Vasco da Gama in the final. In the first leg, in Rio de Janeiro, Palmeiras beat Vasco 2–1. In the second leg, at Morumbi Stadium, the club from São Paulo beat Vasco 4–0.

The club again reached the Libertadores Cup final, this time against Boca Juniors from Argentina. In the first leg, in Buenos Aires, the game ended 2–2. In the second leg, at Morumbi Stadium, in São Paulo, the game ended 0–0 and Boca won the competition in the penalty shootout.

In the same year, Palmeiras won the Brazilian Champions' Cup after beating Sport Recife in the final. By the end of the year, the club again reached the Mercosur Cup final, losing to Vasco da Gama.

The new millennium[edit]

Parmalat sponsorship ended in 2000 and left the club in dire straits. After a mildly irregular season in 2001, with the biggest achievement being a Libertadores Cup semifinal against Boca Juniors, the club faced its worst year ever in 2002 and was relegated to the Campeonato Brasileiro Série B, which it won in the following year, returning to the Série A in 2004.

Palmeiras against Liga Deportiva Universitaria in 2009

The 2004 and 2005 seasons were rather successful when the team finished in the 4th position in both years, and qualified for the Libertadores Cup in 2005 and 2006. Unfortunately, Palmeiras was eliminated by rival's São Paulo in the Round of 16 in both years.

In 2007, Palmeiras had its legend Edmundo playing his last season for the club, and almost achieving one of the top 4 positions in the Série A, failing to do it in the final round of the tournament.

In 2008, Palmeiras made a sponsorship agreement with Traffic, a Sports Marketing Agency. The club made some big investments on new players and also on coach Vanderlei Luxemburgo. This new strategy paid off with the 22nd Paulista Championship, with a 5–0 victory over Ponte Preta in the final's 2nd leg. Palmeiras finished 4th in the Campeonato Brasileiro, which qualified them to the 2009 edition of the Copa Libertadores.

Allianz Parque[edit]

The year of 2008 also marked the beginning of the planning phase for a new stadium for the club, as well as remodeling the social club, to prepare Palmeiras for the club's centenary year in 2014. The planned arena is now Allianz Parque.

In 2009, the club reached the quarterfinals of Copa Libertadores, eventually losing to Uruguayan side Nacional on away goals. In the same season, Palmeiras was close to winning the Brazilian League, but political problems inside the club caused internal turmoil and affected on-field performances, and Palmeiras finished the League in the 5th position.

From 2010 to 2014, Palmeiras played its home matches in the municipal Pacaembu Stadium, as the previous home ground Palestra Itália Stadium was demolished to accommodate the club's new arena, it is now the most technological stadium in Brazil.

Marcos Assunção

2012 Copa do Brasil Undefeated Winners[edit]

In 2012, Palmeiras won the Copa do Brasil for the second time, beating Coritiba in the final.[7] The team, led by coach Luiz Felipe Scolari and captained by midfielder Marcos Assunção, was unbeaten in the championship.

New relegation and new return to elite[edit]

Less than 3 months after winning the Copa do Brasil, Scolari would leave the club that was having poor appearances in the Campeonato Brasileiro. This way, Palmeiras signed with Gilson Kleina,[8] then coach of Ponte Preta, but the team failed to improve its performances in tournament and was relegated to the Campeonato Brasileiro Série B, for the second time since 2002, in its history, after a draw against Flamengo, on November 18, in round 36 of the 2012 Série A.[9]

In 2013, now under the administration of President Paulo Nobre,[10] elected in the end of 2012, and with a campaign with clear superiority in the Série B, Palmeiras was promoted back to the first division with six games to spare, ensuring participation in the Série A of 2014, the year of the club's centenary.

Palmeiras suffered a setback early on in its 2014 centenary season as head coach Kleina was sacked, swiftly followed by the departure of striker Alan Kardec and defender Henrique.[11] Argentinian Ricardo Gareca was signed to coach the team after the break for the World Cup in Brazil, but failed to meet expectations and was sacked after a short spell. Dorival Júnior replaced Gareca until the end of the season, as the club was fighting against relegation. With first goalkeeper Fernando Prass and midfielder Jorge Valdivia both returning from injury, the players led Palmeiras throughout the second turn as the club managed to avoid relegation and finished the League in the 16th position.[12]

2015 reformulation and Copa do Brasil title[edit]

2015 saw Palmeiras make a big reformulation in the whole club, with the arrival of a new coach and a new football director. The club signed 25 players in the year, as almost every player from the 2014 squad was negotiated, and also promoted several new talents from the club's youth teams. Palmeiras also improved its program of associated fans, the Avanti, increasing the number to 114 thousand associated fans.[13]

The new season was also Palmeiras' first one playing in the newly built home arena, the Allianz Parque, that seats 43,713 fans and consists of fully covered spectator seating, and was inaugurated in November 19, 2014.[14]

Palmeiras reached the Campeonato Paulista finals, which they lost on penalties to rival's Santos.[15]

On June 9, 2015, head coach Oswaldo de Oliveira was sacked by Palmeiras due to a slow start during the Campeonato Brasileiro.[16] On June 10, 2015, Palmeiras reached an agreement with Marcelo Oliveira, recently sacked from Cruzeiro and Brazilian champion of 2013 and 2014.

Palmeiras won the Copa do Brasil for a third time on December 2, 2015. After a 1–0 loss to Santos in the finals first match, the players were received at the stadium by more than forty thousand supporters, as they all watched the second match outside the stadium while thousands were inside the stadium. Palmeiras won the second match 2–1, both goals were scored by Dudu, and secured the trophy on penalties at Allianz Parque, with goalkeeper Fernando Prass saving a penalty and converting the last one. With this title, Palmeiras increased its supremacy as Brazil's greatest champion, with 11 national titles, being 8 League and 3 Copa do Brasil titles.[17] Also, as champions of the 2015 Copa do Brasil, the club secured a place in the 2016 Copa Libertadores group stage.

Facilities[edit]

Stadia[edit]

Main article: Allianz Parque

Estádio Palestra Itália (1917–2010)[edit]

Estádio Palestra Itália was home of Palmeiras from 1917 to 2010. The venue was also known as Parque Antártica because the area was a park built by the Antarctica Paulista Company in the beginning of the last century, before being acquired by Palmeiras in 1920. In the past its capacity was listed as 35,000 spectators. However, even though its grandstands were extended in the late 1990s, it held only seats 27,640 people[18] due to regulations which enforce safety and comfort.

Estádio Palestra Itália in 2010

It was one of the most important Brazilian grounds, considering the amount of decisive and important matches played there. Examples of matches played in Palestra Itália include 1999 Copa Libertadores final, the Copa Mercosur finals of 1998, 1999 and 2000, 1996 Copa do Brasil final and several Campeonato Paulista finals.

The last official match played in the stadium was against Grêmio for the Série A on May 22, 2010, and the last match played was a friendly against Boca Juniors on July 9, 2010.

Allianz Parque (2014–Present)[edit]

External view

Opened in November 2014, Allianz Parque has 43,713 covered seats, being 25,395 lower seats, 14,888 upper seats and 3,430 in the cabins.[1] The stadium was built for multipurpose events. Many other facilities are in place, including enhanced parking area, VIP area, media center for up to 1,000 media members, 3 restaurant and bar, heliport, etc. The first official game at Allianz Parque was held on November 19, 2014, between Palmeiras and Sport in the Brazilian Série A, when hosts Palmeiras lost to Sport Recife 0–2. The first official goal of the stadium was scored by Ananias.

On 14 June 2015, Palmeiras won their first Brasileirão match in Allianz Parque with a 2–1 win over Fluminense.

Average home attendances per season[edit]

Year Avg. Att.
2007 17,730
2008 16,784
2009 18,467
2010 11,082
2011 12,728
2012 12,073
2013 *
2014 19,947
2015 29,454[19]
2016

(*) Information not available.

  • 1 As of 18 January 2016.
  • 1 Source: World Football[20]

Kit[edit]

Palmeiras' first kit consisted of green jerseys, white shorts and green socks. Palmeiras' first jersey was green with a horizontal white band, and a red and white Savoy cross as the crest.[21] Palmeiras have played in blue shirts twice as a tribute to the Italian National Team. Their supporters are also well known for creating the mancha verde (green spot) of fog and smoke when Palmeiras is entering the pitch.

From 2007 to 2009 Palmeiras used a third jersey: a light yellow shirt with a dark green shorts and socks.

In 2010 Palmeiras the light yellow jersey became the second jersey, and started using a blue and white shirt, with white shorts, for their third jersey.

In 2016, Palmeiras announced the extension of the sponsorship agreement with Crefisa and FAM (Falcudade das Americas), which will now have exclusivity in the uniform of Palmeiras. The two companies, which are part of the same group controlled by the couple José Roberto Lamacchia and Leila Pereira, will pay Palmeiras around R$78 million ($20 million) a year, the highest amount ever deposited by a partner in the history of Palmeiras. The uniform will be the most expensive uniform in the Campeonato Brasileiro.[22]

Evolution of Palmeiras crest

Manufacturer and sponsors[edit]

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt partner
1977–1986 Adidas None
1987–1988 Agip
1989–1992 Coca-Cola
1993–1995 Rhummell Parmalat
1996–1999 Reebok
1999–2000 Rhummell
2001–2002 Pirelli
2002–2005 Diadora
2006–2007 Adidas
2008 FIAT
2009–2010 Samsung
2010–2012 FIAT
2012–2013 KIA
2013–2014 None
2015– Crefisa[23]

Supporters[edit]

Palmeiras' supporters in Estádio Palestra Itália

Originally, Palmeiras was a club heavily supported by Brazilians of Italian descent. Over time, that distinction has reduced, and today the fan base is very diverse.

Palmeiras' largest organizadas groups are the Mancha Alvi-Verde (White and Green Stain, a green version of Phantom Blot), TUP (the oldest ultra group), Acadêmicos da Savóia, among others.

Palmeiras against Corinthians in 2010

Rivalries[edit]

Corinthians[edit]

Main article: Paulista Derby

Palmeiras' biggest rival is Corinthians. The rivalry between the two clubs is considered São Paulo's greatest, and the most intense in Brazil, and their matches are known as the Paulista Derby. Palmeiras was featured heavily in the film O Casamento de Romeu e Julieta where the rivalry between Palmeiras and Corinthians played a major role in the plot.

São Paulo[edit]

Main article: Choque-Rei

São Paulo FC is another major local rival; the games between the two clubs are called the Choque-Rei (King Clash).

Santos[edit]

Main article: Clássico da Saudade

Santos FC is another major rival; the games between the two clubs are called the Clássico da Saudade (The Good Times Classic). Located in the city of the same name, only 76 km (47,5 mi) from São Paulo, Santos is also one of the 4 big clubs of the state.

Portuguesa[edit]

Palmeiras also has a rivalry with Portuguesa, with both located close to one another within the city of São Paulo. Despite Portuguesa is not as competitive as the other rivals, the derby between both clubs dates back to the 1920s.

Official mascot[edit]

The club's official mascot is a green parakeet.

During the late 1960s, fans of Palmeiras' biggest rivals Corinthians would mockingly refer to the team as "Pig", (Porco in Portuguese, a slur used by the elite directed to Italians or Italo-Brazilians residing in São Paulo) and soon after, other teams followed.

In 1986, at the Campeonato Paulista playoffs, supporters adopted the pig like their mascot.[24] Although the parakeet is the official mascot, fans will refer to and yell: "PORCO!" (Pig) enthusiastically during matches, as the pig became their preferred mascot.

Anthem[edit]

Palmeiras flag

Palmeiras's anthem was composed in 1949 by conductor Antonio Sergi. Sergi also wrote the lyrics for the anthem, but did that under the pseudonym Gennaro Rodrigues.[25]

Quando surge o alviverde imponente
(When the imposing white-green emerges)
No gramado em que a luta o aguarda
(On the pitch where battle awaits)
Sabe bem o que vem pela frente
(Aware of what lies before it)
Que a dureza do prélio não tarda
(That the struggle of the game is approaching)

E o Palmeiras no ardor da partida
(And Palmeiras, in the heat of the match)
Transformando a lealdade em padrão
(Making loyalty its norm)
Sabe sempre levar de vencida
(Always knows how to emerge victorious)
E mostrar que de fato é campeão
(And show that it's indeed the champion)

Defesa que ninguém passa
(Impenetrable defense)
Linha atacante de raça
(Vigorous attacking line)
Torcida que canta e vibra
(Singing, cheering supporters)

Por nosso alviverde inteiro
(For our white-green as a whole)
Que sabe ser brasileiro
(That knows how to be Brazilian)
Ostentando a sua fibra
(Boasting its fiber)

Players[edit]

First-team squad[edit]

As of 19 July 2016.[26]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Brazil GK Fernando Prass (captain)
2 Brazil DF Fabiano (on loan from Cruzeiro)
3 Brazil DF Edu Dracena
4 Brazil DF Vitor Hugo
5 Brazil MF Arouca
6 Brazil DF Egídio
7 Brazil FW Dudu
8 Paraguay FW Lucas Barrios
10 Brazil MF Cleiton Xavier
11 Brazil MF Zé Roberto (vice-captain)
13 Brazil DF Roger Carvalho (on loan from Tombense)
14 Brazil FW Erik
15 Argentina MF Agustín Allione
16 Brazil MF Fabrício (on loan from Internacional)
17 Brazil MF Jean
18 Brazil MF Gabriel (on loan from Monte Azul)
19 Brazil FW Rafael Marques
No. Position Player
20 Brazil MF Rodrigo (on loan from Tombense)
21 Brazil MF Thiago Santos
22 Brazil DF João Pedro
23 Brazil FW Róger Guedes
25 Brazil GK Vagner
26 Colombia DF Yerry Mina
27 Brazil MF Matheus Sales
28 Brazil MF Moisés
29 Brazil FW Alecsandro
30 Brazil FW Leandro Pereira (on loan from Club Brugge)
31 Brazil DF Thiago Martins
32 Brazil MF Tchê Tchê
33 Brazil FW Gabriel Jesus
37 Brazil MF Vitinho
48 Brazil GK Vinicius Silvestre
49 Brazil GK Jailson
88 Brazil FW Luan

Reserve-team squad[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Argentina DF Fernando Tobio
Brazil DF Léo Cunha
Brazil DF Luiz Gustavo
Brazil MF Everton
No. Position Player
Brazil MF Jobson
Brazil MF Patrick Vieira
Brazil MF Ueslei
Brazil FW Tiago Silva

On loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil GK Fábio (at Oeste until 31 December 2016)
Brazil GK Raphael Alemão (at Portuguesa until 30 November 2016)
Brazil DF Bruno Oliveira (at Vila Nova until 31 December 2016)
Brazil DF Gabriel Dias (at Bragantino until 30 November 2016)
Brazil DF Guilherme (at Linense until 02 October 2016)
Brazil DF Leandro Almeida (at Internacional until 31 December 2016)
Brazil DF Lucas Taylor (at Criciúma until 30 November 2016)
Brazil DF Lucas (at Cruzeiro until 31 December 2016)
Brazil DF Matheus Muller (at Náutico until 31 December 2016)
Brazil DF Nathan (at Criciúma until 30 November 2016)
Brazil DF Victor Luis (at Botafogo until 31 December 2016)
Brazil DF Weldinho (at Brasil de Pelotas until 10 December 2016)
Brazil DF Wellington (at Santa Cruz until 31 December 2016)
Brazil MF Amaral (at Coritiba until 31 December 2016)
Brazil MF Bruninho (at Juventude until 30 November 2016)
Brazil MF Diego Souza (at Ferroviária until 15 May 2017)
No. Position Player
Brazil MF Juninho (at Criciúma until 30 November 2016)
Brazil MF João Denoni (at Ituano until 04 October 2016)
Paraguay MF William Mendieta (at Olimpia until 31 December 2016)
Brazil MF Renato (at Figueirense until 31 December 2016)
Brazil MF Robinho (at Cruzeiro until 31 December 2017)
Brazil MF Tiago Real (at Vitória until 31 December 2016)
Brazil MF Zé Mateus (at XV de Piracicaba until 30 November 2016)
Brazil FW Caio (at ABC until 10 November 2016)
Brazil FW Gabriel Leite (at Criciúma until 30 November 2016)
Brazil FW Leandro (at Coritiba until 31 December 2016)
Brazil FW Mazinho (at Oeste until 31 December 2016)
Argentina FW Pablo Mouche (at Crvena Zvezda Beograd until 30 June 2017)
Brazil FW Miguel (at Kamatamare Sanuki until 31 December 2016)
Brazil FW Rodolfo (at XV de Piracicaba until 30 November 2016)
Brazil FW Vinícius (at Coritiba until 31 December 2016)

Notable players[edit]

Top scorers[edit]

Heitor

These are Palmeiras's top scorers since its foundation (data as of 1 February 2016):

# Name Goals Years
1 Brazil Heitor 327 1916–31
2 Brazil César Maluco 180 1967–74
3 Brazil Ademir da Guia 153 1961–77
4 Brazil Lima 149 1938–54
5 Brazil Servílio 140 1963–68
6 Brazil Evair 127 1991–94, 1999
7 Brazil Humberto 126 1953–58, 1960–61
8 Brazil Rodrigues 125 1950–55
9 Brazil Luizinho 123 1935–41
10 Brazil Tupãzinho 122 1963–68

Technical staff[edit]

Current staff[edit]

Position Staff
Head coach Cuca
Assistant manager Alberto Valentim
Assistant manager Sergio Santín
Fitness coach Marco Aurélio
Thiago Santi
Juvenilson
Goalkeeping coach Oscar Rodriguez
In house doctors Rubens Sampaio
Vinícius Martins
Otávio Vilhena
Medical Staff José Rosan Júnior
Mário Galdi Peixoto
João Carlos Ferreira de Sousa
Sérgio Luís
Miguel de Oliveira
Luiz Carlos

Last updated: 28 April 2015
Source: Palmeiras

Presidents[edit]

The club associates congregate in a general assembly every four years to elect the seventy-six members of the Conselho Deliberativo (Deliberating Council)[27] who in their turn chose amongst them a president for a two-year mandate.[28] As of 2006 the president can only be re-elected once.[29]

These are all Palmeiras presidents since the club's foundation,:[30][31]

 
Name Years
Ezequiel Simone 1914
Leonardo Pareto 1915
Augo Vaccaro 1915
Ludovico Bacchiani 1916
Guido Farti 1917
Dulio Frugoli 1918
Valentino Sola 1918
Menotti Falchi 1919–1920
David Pichetti 1921–1922
Francisco De Vivo 1923–1924
Giuseppe Perrone 1925–1927
Eduardo Matarazzo 1928–1931
 
Name Years
Dante Delmanto 1932–1934
Raphael Parisi 1934–1938
Ítalo Adami 1939–1940
Enrico de Martino 1939–1940
João Minervino 1939–1940
Ítalo Adami 1941–1944
Francisco Patti 1945–1946
Higino Pellegrini 1947–1948
Ferrúcio Sandoli 1949–1950
Mário Frugiuelle 1951–1952
Pascoal Walter Byron Giuliano 1953–1954
Mário Beni 1955–1958
Delfino Facchina 1959–1970
Paschoal Walter Byron Giuliano 1971–1976
 
Name Years
Jordão Bruno Sacomani 1977–1978
Brício Pompeu Toledo 1977–1978
Delfino Facchina 1979–1980
Brício Pompeu Toledo 1981–1982
Paschoal Walter Byron Giuliano 1983–1984
Nélson Tadini Duque 1985–1988
Carlos Bernardo Facchina Nunes 1989–1992
Mustafá Contursi Goffar Majzoub 1993–2005
Afonso Della Monica Netto 2005–2009
Luiz Gonzaga de Mello Belluzzo 2009–2011
Arnaldo Tirone 2011–2012
Paulo Nobre 2013–

Honours[edit]

The following information is a list of all the honours of Palmeiras since founded.[32]

Palmeiras' former Hall of Trophies
Palmeiras' former Hall of Trophies (other vision)
Worldwide
Competitions Titles Seasons
Copa Rio 1 1951
Continental
Competitions Titles Seasons
Copa Libertadores 1 1999
Copa Mercosur 1 1998
National
Competitions Titles Seasons
Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 8 1960, 1967, 1967, 1969, 1972, 1973, 1993, 1994
Copa do Brasil 3 1998, 2012, 2015
Copa dos Campeões 1 2000
Campeonato Brasileiro Série B 2 2003, 2013
Interstate
Competitions Titles Seasons
Torneio Rio-São Paulo 5 1933, 1951, 1965, 1993, 2000
State
Competitions Titles Seasons
Campeonato Paulista 24 1920, 1926, 1928 (extra), 1927, 1932, 1932 (extra), 1933, 1934, 1936, 1940, 1942, 1944, 1947, 1950, 1959, 1963, 1966, 1972, 1974, 1976, 1993, 1994, 1996, 2008

Campeonato Brasileiro Série A record[edit]

Year Position Year Position Year Position Year Position Year Position
1971 7th 1981 31st 1991 6th 2001 12th 2011 11th
1972 1st 1982 1992 11th 2002 24th 2012 18th
1973 1st 1983 9th 1993 1st 2003 2013
1974 11th 1984 20th 1994 1st 2004 4th 2014 16th
1975 9th 1985 24th 1995 5th 2005 4th 2015 9th
1976 7th 1986 10th 1996 3rd 2006 16th 2016
1977 6th 1987 8th 1997 2nd 2007 7th
1978 2nd 1988 16th 1998 2nd 2008 4th
1979 4th 1989 5th 1999 10th 2009 5th
1980 13th 1990 6th 2000 6th 2010 10th

Other[edit]

Youth competitions[edit]

  • Super Copa São Paulo de Juniores (1): 1995
  • Torneo Internazionale Under 19 Bellinzona (1): 2007

Women's[edit]

Palmeiras B Team[edit]

For many years, Palmeiras had a "second" team that played in the lower divisions of the Paulista Championship. The team was dissolved at the end of the Paulista 2013.

Other sports[edit]

Palmeiras has athletic departments in many sports, such as aikido, athletics, archery, boxing, american football, futsal, judo, karate, taekwondo, tennis, volleyball and weightlifting . The club has also a victorious tradition in rink hockey and basketball. Palmeiras has in it history 2 Brazilian Roller Hockey National Championships, being one of the main teams from São Paulo.

Basketball team[edit]

Leandro Barbosa and Oscar Schmidt, two of the best Brazilian basketball players of all time, started their careers at Palmeiras.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Also known by its nickname Paulistão.
  2. ^ Also known by its nickname Brasileirão.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Laudo de Engenharia - Allianz Parque" (PDF). WTorre Engenharia. 2014-10-29. Retrieved 2015-07-19. 
  2. ^ http://www.fifa.com/classicfootball/news/newsid=1040567.html
  3. ^ "65 years ago, Palmeiras beat Juventus and led the Brazilian football to the top of the world" (in Portuguese). Palmeiras.com.br. 22 July 2016. 
  4. ^ http://www.palmeiras.com.br/en
  5. ^ a b c d e f g http://www.palmeiras.com.br/en/history/timeline.asp
  6. ^ http://trivela.uol.com.br/ha-15-anos-palmeiras-pressionava-manchester-united-mas-perdia-o-titulo-mundial/
  7. ^ "Paraíso Verde! Na Bola Parada, Palmeiras É Bi da Copa do Brasil". Globo Esporte. 
  8. ^ "Esportes - Futebol, UFC, F1, Campeonatos do Brasil e do Mundo - msn". Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Love marca no fim e determina rebaixamento do Palmeiras". Gazetaesportiva.Net. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Eleito presidente do Palmeiras, Nobre afirma: 'Não sou salvador da pátria". Globo Esporte. 
  11. ^ "Alan Kardec deixa Palmeiras e acerta com rival São Paulo, revela Paulo Nobre". O DIA. 
  12. ^ Downie, Andrew (August 26, 2014). "Palmeiras mark centenary amid relegation fears". theguardian.com. Reuters. Retrieved September 1, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Avanti atinge 50 mil sócios em 2015 e fica próximo de bater recorde do Flamengo". SE Palmeiras. 
  14. ^ "Palmeiras leva gol de "ex" e decepciona 1ª no Allianz Parque". Terra. 
  15. ^ "Santos vence Palmeiras nos pênaltis e é campeão paulista". Terra. 
  16. ^ "Palmeiras demite Oswaldo de Oliveira". Globo Esporte. 
  17. ^ "Palmeiras chega a 11 títulos e se isola como maior campeão nacional". Federação Paulista de Futebol (FPF). 
  18. ^ [1]. 'Federação Paulista de Futebol, article "Estádio_Palestra_Itália". Accessed on January 3, 2008.
  19. ^ "Palmeiras attendance in 2015" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 18 January 2016. 
  20. ^ "Série A 2015 » Attendance » Home matches". worldfootball.net. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  21. ^ Almanaque do Futebol Paulista 2000, by José Jorge Farah Neto and Rodolfo Kussarev Jr., published by Editora Panini Brasil and A Bola da Bola, page 414.
  22. ^ http://www.atribuna.com.br/noticias/noticias-detalhe/esportes/palmeiras-renova-com-patrocinadores-e-camisa-valoriza/?cHash=33d7ebf3f9817de5eecadb8a176352f1 Palmeiras renews sponsorship
  23. ^ "Presidente da Crefisa comemora sucesso da parceria" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  24. ^ "Palmeiras" (in Portuguese). Pelé.net. Retrieved 2008-09-28. 
  25. ^ "Hino do Palmeiras". Letras). 
  26. ^ "Elenco de Futebol Profissional" (in Portuguese). Retrieved 29 April 2016. 
  27. ^ Estatuto da Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras (club statute), art. 52.
  28. ^ Estatuto da Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras (club statute), art. 83.
  29. ^ Estatuto da Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras (club statute), art. 113.
  30. ^ Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras official records and meeting minutes
  31. ^ [2]. Terra, Chapter "Palmeiras Minha Vida", article "Presidentes do Palmeiras". Accessed on December 24, 2007.
  32. ^ "Galeria de Títulos". SE Palmeiras. 2015. Retrieved 2015. 

External links[edit]