Palmengarten

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Palmengarten
Palmengarten
Eingang Palmengarten Frankfurt.JPG
Main entrance at Siesmayerstraße
FFM Palmengarten-Karte 1887.jpg
Detail of a town map created in 1887
LocationFrankfurt, Hesse, Germany
Coordinates50°7′25″N 8°39′20″E / 50.12361°N 8.65556°E / 50.12361; 8.65556Coordinates: 50°7′25″N 8°39′20″E / 50.12361°N 8.65556°E / 50.12361; 8.65556
Area22 ha (54 acres)
OpenedMarch 16, 1871 (1871-03-16)
FounderSiesmayers Actiengesellschaft
DesignerHeinrich Siesmayer
EtymologyGerman word for ″palm garden″
Owned byFrankfurt
Visitors596,934 (in 2015)[1]
OpenFebruary-October: 9 am–6 pm
November-January: 9 am–4 pm
Statusopen
Parkingunderground car park
Public transit accessBockenheimer Warte (Underground, tramway & Bus), Westend (Underground & Bus), Palmengartenstraße (Bus)
Websitewww.palmengarten.de

The Palmengarten is one of three botanical gardens in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. It is located in the Westend-Süd district. It covers a surface of 22 hectares. It is major tourist attraction.[2]

History[edit]

Frankfurt Palm Garden in ca. 1890-1900
Bond of the Palmengaten-Gesellschaft, issued 1. July 1898

Like many public sites in Frankfurt, it was privately financed and implemented by the architect Heinrich Siesmayer. Work was completed in 1871 and opened to the public.[3] One colorful visit was from the American entertainer Buffalo Bill who brought his Western show in 1890. In 1931, it was taken over by the city of Frankfurt but was later transferred to the American occupation authorities after World War II. When the Palmengarten was returned to the city's hands in the sixties, a major reconstruction effort was begun. Halls destroyed in the war were redeveloped and expanded. In 1992 the reconstruction finished completely and the Palmengarten shined in its new form.

Directly next to the area of the Palmengarten is the Frankfurt Botanical Garden, which formerly belonged to the biology department of Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt and is now administered by the Palmengarten.

Collection[edit]

Palmengarten (2004)

The botanical exhibits are organized according to their origin in free-air or climatized greenhouses, which also contain numerous tropical and subtropical plants. At the entry to the garden half of the original social building of 1905, which was rebuilt again, currently serves as the main entrance to the Palmengarten. To the right and left of the entrance we find exhibition rooms and teaching rooms. On the first floor in the south wing are some carnivorous plants, in the north wing are some American pineapple plants, which are grown indoors. The visitor is "in situ", information points on the ecology and geography of everything on display.

Greenhouse in the Palmengarten.
  • The Rose Garden

Once the entrance building is left behind, we find the «Rosaleda», with a characteristic geometric style of plant distribution. A pergola gives the formal touch of rose garden, with its paths and its flower beds carefully cared for. The Rosenbrunn house is located in the middle, built in the early garden style of 1884, it had been part of the office buildings. Themed gardens (for example: with scent roses or the so-called "classic roses") delimit the rose garden to the north and south.

  • Palmenhaus

This is the main core of the original Palmengarten, it was built in 1869 and is one of the largest buildings of its kind found in Europe. Along with a large number of subtropical palm trees, and covering the lower part of the forest canopy are tree ferns, plants with long and tender stems, and broad-leaved plants, which together produce an image of great subtropical exuberance. There is also a stream that cascades down from the high back of the hill-shaped structure. In a grotto-like passageway under the hill, it is shown in aquariums, a colorful tropical underwater world.

  • Rhododendrumgarten

In the western part of the gardens and bordering the lake that is located here, the Rhododendrongarten ('Garden of rhododendrons') was created in 1989. Here a large variety of hybrids of species from eastern Asia and North America were planted side by side. These plants need a soil rich in humus and very acid for their development. This area is a spectacle of color in late May and early June when they bloom.

  • The rockery
Anemone altaica, in the rockery.

It is located at the highest point of the garden, a rocky hill with an imposing waterfall, from here you get one of the best views. The rockery (Der Steingarten, or Garden among the stones), is located on the flanks of the rocky hill, and it was completely renovated in the 80s. With acidic soils and Alkaline in small gaps between the rocks are these plants from all the mountainous regions of the planet.

  • Heather Garden

Where the rockery ends, in the east, the heather garden begins with its attractive color in the blooms of late summer. Also appealing is the gradation of shades of green presented by the rest of the year, this collection of wild and crossed species of the genera Erica and Calluna.

  • Bush garden

It is located in the northern part of the garden. This part of the garden has puddled areas, with abundant water and a stream accompanies along the main path of the walk. Here the plants grow grouped in bushes along the stream. Plants are found as green herbs, where the brushstrokes of color are provided by Asteraceae.

The Palmengarten in the fall.
  • The flower house

An enclave worth visiting in the garden is the "Flower House". The house has about 200 and is divided into hot and cold zones. Here the visitor can find flowering plants at any time of the year. Here the plants are periodically renewed.

  • The alpine house

This is the house Leonhardsbrunn flanked on both sides by striking greenhouse towers, it was rebuilt according to old plans. Here the plants are shown with the provenance and the expedition in which they were collected. In the western tower we find citrus, the eastern tower is dedicated to plants from the island of Tasmania. Plants in the southern half of the Earth sphere are grown in the central structure.

  • Steppe meadow

In the western part of the Tropicarium in a flat and drier area than in other parts of the garden, there is a collection of plants that develop in full sun. They are plants from the steppe estuary regions of Eurasia and the America s. In the middle of the garden is a glade. Here you will find a selection of forage grasses and among them meadow flowers develop, just as they can be found in any meadow in a field that has been left uncultivated.

  • The subantarctic house

These facilities were inaugurated in 1992, bringing together plants from the cold regions of the southern half of the globe. The characteristics of the vegetation are forest, shrub, and swamp areas. The red sandstone dominates on the left, where the plants of the Patagonia, Archipelago Tierra del Fuego and the Falkland Islands are located, being delimited by a small swampy area. On the right side with a firm gray, are plants from New Zealand and neighboring islands.

  • The tropicarium

The plants of the Tropicarium are not shown according to their continents or countries, but are grouped according to their biotope. What is attempted is to show the variety and richness of the tropical zone. The greenhouse "Tropicarium Sur" is a small structure that contains plants from semi-arid zones, savanna, and foggy desert.

  • Cactus garden

This area deserves a special mention. Shown during the warm months from May through September, it is a collection of succulent plants that withstand harsh winters. They come from America, Africa and from the Canary Islands. In between these plants a large variety of fuchsias are displayed at the same time.

The Papageno Theater in the Palmengarten.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "statistik.aktuell. Besuch der Frankfurter Kultur- und Freizeiteinrichtungen im Jahr 2015" (PDF) (in German). Retrieved 2016-05-28.
  2. ^ Palmengarten, Frankfurt am Main Nightingale Garden Company Limited.
  3. ^ Marc Di Duca, et. all Lonely Planet Germany PalmenGarten Lonely Planet, 1582 pages 2019 ISBN 1788685296, ISBN 9781788685290