Palmenhaus Schönbrunn

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The Palmenhaus Schönbrunn

The Palmenhaus Schönbrunn is a large greenhouse in Vienna, Austria featuring plants from around the world. It opened in 1882. It is the most prominent of the four greenhouses in Schönbrunn Palace Park, and is also among the largest botanical exhibits of its kind in the world, with around 4,500 plant species.

History[edit]

A drawing of the Palmenhaus in 1883.

Several forerunners were built in the Palace Park in the 18th and 19th centuries, under Emperors Francis I and Joseph II. The present building was built by Ignaz Gridl following plans by court architect Franz-Xaver von Segenschmid,[1] known for his projects of bridges, and Sigmund Wagner. Groundbreaking took place in 1881 and the greenhouse was opened by Franz Joseph I on 19 June 1882.[2] Since 1918 it has been run by the Bundesgärten (Federal Gardens). A heavy bomb attack on Schönbrunn Palace in February 1945 destroyed most of the glazing of the Palmenhaus. Many plants died, although some were saved by being transferred to the nearby Sonnenuhrhaus. The rebuilding began in 1948, and the Palmenhaus was reopened in 1953.

The building was closed to the public in 1976 as a safety measure following the collapse of the Reichsbrücke. Renovations were carried out between 1986 and 1990.[2][3]

Architecture[edit]

Built with 600 tons of wrought iron and 120 tons of cast iron, the Palmenhaus is 111 metres long, 28 metres wide and 25 metres high, and has 45,000 glass tiles. There are annexes on the north and south sides, serving as a coldhouse and a hothouse respectively.[2]

Notable features[edit]

The 350-year-old olive tree


See also[edit]

  • Wüstenhaus Schönbrunn (Desert House), featuring succulent plants and desert fauna, located in the nearby Sonnenuhrhaus.
  • There is another Palmenhaus in the Vienna Burggarten.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Palmenhaus Schönbrunn "Palmenhaus" Check |url= value (help). www.schoenbrunn.at (in German). Retrieved 17 March 2020. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b c Das Grosse Palmenhaus im Schlosspark Schönbrunn Vienna Federal Gardens. (in German)
  3. ^ Palmenhaus Schönbrunn - Revitalisation Waagner-Biro. (in English)

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Gerhard Deimel, Kurt Vogl and Ingrid Gregor: Palast der Blüten – Das Schönbrunner Palmenhaus, Holzhausen, Vienna, 2002, ISBN 3-85493-052-6. (in German)

Coordinates: 48°11′05″N 16°18′10″E / 48.18472°N 16.30278°E / 48.18472; 16.30278