Palmyra (town), New York
|Palmyra, New York|
Location in Wayne County and the state of New York.
|Established||January 16, 1789|
|• Type||Town Board|
|• Supervisor||Kenneth F. Miller|
|• Clerk||Irene E. Unterborn|
|• Court||Justice William E. Abbott
Justice Terry Rodman
|• Total||33.7 sq mi (87.3 km2)|
|• Land||33.5 sq mi (86.7 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.5 km2)|
|Elevation||480 ft (146 m)|
|• Density||236.6/sq mi (91.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|GNIS feature ID||0970448|
Palmyra was part of the Phelps and Gorham Purchase.
The Town of Palmyra, originally called "Swift's Landing" after its founder John Swift and "District of Tolland," was created in 1789. The sole local encounter between natives and white settlers that resulted in deaths occurred that same year. The present name was adopted in 1796, reportedly to impress a new school teacher. There were almost one thousand people in the town in 1800.
In 1823, the Town of Macedon was formed from part of Palmyra's territory as part of the creation of Wayne County from Ontario County.
Birth of Latter Day Saint movement
Palmyra is the birthplace of the Latter Day Saint movement. Founder Joseph Smith, whose family lived on a farm that straddled the line between Palmyra and Manchester, said he had been visited by God the Father and Jesus Christ in 1820, an event known as the First Vision. In 1830 the Book of Mormon was first published in the village of Palmyra by E.B. Grandin, in the present Book of Mormon Historic Publication Site. Beginning in the early 20th century, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints began buying and restoring many of the properties in the area associated with early church history. In 1997 the Smiths' log cabin was rebuilt on its original site and in 2000 the church built the Palmyra New York Temple on a portion of the former Smith farm.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 33.7 square miles (87.3 km²), of which, 33.5 square miles (86.7 km²) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.5 km²) of it (0.62%) is water.
The Erie Canal passes across the county, through the Village of Palmyra. The multi-use, recreational Erie Canal Heritage Trail continues along the towpath of the Erie Canal as well.
The south town line is the border of Ontario County.
The Palmyra-Macedon High School, Palmyra-Macedon Middle School and Palmyra-Macedon Primary School are all located within Palmyra.
The Palmyra Community Library is a Board of Regents chartered library that serves the public with a collection of books, magazines, videos, audiobooks, video games, and local references that may be borrowed or viewed. The library also hosts a variety of community events year round. Free wireless internet and computer access are available on site.
In 2011, the library moved to its current location in the renovated Garlock Packing Company Building. The move was prompted by a need to expand on site resources, increase seating, and add community gathering spaces.
As of the census of 2010, there were 7,975 people, 3,255 households, and 2,175 families residing in the town. The population density was 236.6 people per square mile (91.4/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.7% White, 0.8% Black or African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.2% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.4% of the population.
There were 3,255 households out of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.1% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.2% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the town the population was spread out with 25.0% under the age of 20, 5.6% from 20 to 24, 24.0% from 25 to 44, 30.9% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.7 years. For every 100 females there were 98.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $47,102, and the median income for a family was $57,770. Males had a median income of $40,742 versus $36,087 for females. The per capita income for the town was $23,569. About 14.5% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.5% of those under age 18 and 8.2% of those age 65 or over.
There were 3,543 housing units at an average density of 105.1 per square mile (40.6/km²). 8.1% of housing units were vacant.
There were 3,255 occupied housing units in the town. 2,212 were owner-occupied units (68.0%), while 1,043 were renter-occupied (32.0%). The homeowner vacancy rate was 1.2% of total units. The rental unit vacancy rate was 10.1%.
Communities and locations in the Town of Palmyra
- Cooney Crossing – A location by the west town line on County Road 210.
- East Palmyra – A hamlet near the east town line on County Road 225. The East Palmyra Presbyterian Church was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2002.
- Palmyra – The Village of Palmyra on the Erie Canal.
- Red Creek – A stream north of Palmyra village.
- Wide Waters – A long narrow pond in the Erie Canal is partly in the southeast corner of the town.
Notable natives and residents
- E. B. Grandin (1806–1845), printer of first edition of the Book of Mormon
- Increase A. Lapham (1811–1875), "father" of the United States Weather Service
- William T. Sampson (1840–1902), Admiral in the Spanish–American War
- Joseph Smith (1805–1844), founder of the Latter Day Saint Movement, resided in Palmyra from 1816 to 1825 and again in 1830
- Henry Wells (1805–1878), founder of American Express and co-founder of Wells Fargo
- Clarissa Hall Jerome (1825–1895), grandmother of British statesman Winston Churchill
- Wayne County Office of County Historian - Town of Palmyra History, Retrieved Jun. 7, 2015.
- Palmyra, New York - A Brief History of Palmyra by Bob Lowe, Retrieved Jun. 8, 2015.
- The Woman's Society of the Western Presbyterian Church, ed. (1907), Palmyra, Wayne County, New York, Rochester, N. Y.: The Herald Press, LCCN 07041771, OCLC 4092801, OL 7133414M
- "National Park Service - Erie Canalway National Heritage Corridor Brochure, New York" (PDF). Nps.org. Retrieved 2015-05-22.
- Significant Events on the Smith Family Farm, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 2010[full citation needed]
- [dead link]
- "Get the most out of your public library!". Palmyra.pls-net.org. Retrieved 2015-05-22.
- Craig Potter (2011-12-19). "Palmyra Community Library opens its new location to the public - News - Wayne Post - Wayne County, NY". Waynepost.com. Retrieved 2015-05-22.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2015-01-18.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.