Map of Leyte with Palompon highlighted
|Region||Eastern Visayas (Region VIII)|
|Congr. district||4th district of Leyte|
|• Mayor||Ramon c. Oñate|
|• Total||126.07 km2 (48.68 sq mi)|
|• Density||430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
- Guiwan 1 (Pob.)
- Guiwan 2 (Pob.)
- Mazawalo Pob. (Lili-on)
- Poblacion Central 1
- Poblacion Central 2
- Poblacion Central 3 (Hinablayan)
- San Guillermo
- San Isidro
- San Joaquin
- San Juan
- San Miguel
- San Pablo
- San Pedro
- San Roque
- Pinagdait Pob. (Ypil I)
- Pinaghi-usa Pob. (Ypil II)
- Bitaog Pob. (Ypil III)
Palompon have 2 tertiary institutions:
- Palompon Institute of Technology |http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Palompon_Institute_of_Technology%7C
- Northern Leyte College
It also have 12 secondary institutions:
- Palompon National Highschool
- Lomonon National Highschool
- Tinabilan National Highschool
- Alfredo Parilla National Highschool (San Miguel)
- Taberna National Highschool
- Cantuhaon National Highschool
- San Guillermo Annex of Taberna NHS
- PIT Laboratory Highschool (Public-Private)
- Colegio de San Francisco Javier
- NLC Laboratory Highschool
- Ace Learning Center Inc.
- Promiseland Highschool
Along the strip of fertile coast, the community was founded circa 1620 and originally named Hinablayan. Fish, sea shells and other marine products abounded. People fished along the shore with arrows tied to vines. Its abundance attracted not only migrants but also Moro raiders from the south. Legend tells that local defenders used to hang the dead bodies of Moros on tree branches, so that the place come to be known as Hinablayan (from the word sablay which means "to hang").
The legend continues that when the Spaniards came they saw floating at the bay a cluster (pong pong) of mangrove propagules locally known as "Tungki", they decided to change the name of Hinablayan to Paungpung, after the cluster of mangrove propagules to erase the bloody memory of the Moro raiders. Gradually the name evolved to Palompong, then to Palumpun, and its current spelling of Palompon sometime in 1700 or 1800. It is said that cluster later got stuck to the shoal until they grew up as trees, forming an islet which is Tabuk Island today.
In 1737, Jesuit missionaries arrived and built the first chapel which was later burned during a Moro raid. It was rebuilt and, as a refuge from attack, the chapel was enclosed with piled stones, with a "cota" along the frontage. When the people saw Moro vintas coming, the big church bell would ring the alarm and people rushed inside the church, fighting back with bows and arrows and spears.
The place assumed the role of cabeceria of all the municipalities in the northwestern side of Leyte during the Spanish regime. At that time Palompon was under the parish of Hilongos. The parish priest visited the place occasionally for marriage, baptism and masses.
The Jesuits, later succeeded by the Augustinians, built the present church with 300 natives, who were forced labor without pay. If one or some of the laborers were unable to work, they were substituted by others just to maintain the quota every day for the next thirty years. The structure soon became a landmark of Palompon, reputed to be the oldest church in Leyte. On November 12, 1784, Palompon obtained its parochial independence from Hilongos.
Sometime in late 17th century, there was a nine-day battle between the Palomponganons and Moro raiders during which the residents rushed to the stone church (newly completed at that time) and took refuge for more than a week. The Moros suffered losses in that encounter and were defeated. A cannon in the town's plaza is a relic of that battle.
Ormoc remained part of Palompon parish from 1784 until 1851, when finally it was declared as an independent parish. Villaba and Matag-ob were both part of the territorial jurisdiction of this town as well before they obtained their municipio (pueblo) status.
Unlike some of the resorts, Kalanggaman Island has few resources. An example is water, food and even light during evening. You have to bring those things from the mainland. By the way, once you are oriented by the tourism guys, they will provide two garbage bags (white for the biodegradable and black for the non-biodegradable). Please clean as you go.
Some Basic Amenities in Kalanggaman Island
The Kalanggaman Island Sign Cottages:
No Cottages (Rent a Table under a tree) – Good for a day tour only. But if you have a tent, you can save money from the rentals. Tents are currently free. Open Cottages – Good for a day use. But you can rent this one for overnight. There are no wall around this cottage. Family Size Cottages – Good for one big family and multi-day stay at the island. There are walls around the cottage.
Toilet & Bathrooms:
There are few toilets scattered around the island. There are functioning showers there but fresh water is scarce. You can take a bath at the tourism building once you get back from Kalanggaman Island.
Cooking Area / Kitchen:
There are at least two (2) cooking areas on the island. One is located near the front area and the other one at the end. You have to provide your own firewood / coals and even cookouts. Just ask around, maybe you can rent pots or buy firewood there. Best is you buy your food & drinks at the mainland.
Kitchen / Cooking area. Make sure you bring lots of fuel from the mainland.
There is one shop found in Kalanggaman Island which sells some of the basic things you need with some extra price.
Beach Volleyball – There is a beach volleyball area near the shop. Ball rentals are in the shop. Kayak – There are a few kayaks in the island. You can rent it by hours. Ask for the rental price at the shop. They will be happy to assist. Stand-up-Paddle – Ask for the rental price at the shop. They will be happy to assist. Snorkeling – Ask for the rental price at the shop. They will be happy to assist. Scuba Diving – Ask for the rental price at the shop. They will be happy to assist.
Rental for Kayaks in Kalanggaman is Hourly, Inquire on the tourism for the updated price.
For the religious ones there is a small chapel at the Island.
The Other Side:
The other side of Kalanggaman island consists of limestone rocks. Around 50 meters is a dive spot.
Boats can dock almost anywhere in the island. You can ask the captain which part of the shoreline you will be getting off.
No problem when it comes to security. There are guards patrolling the area 24/7.
Tabuk Fish and Bird Sanctuary Park
If you have enough time to waste while still in mainland Palompon and you like outdoor activities such as river trekking, you can try Masaba Falls River Trekking. One of the popular local tourist destination of Palompon, Leyte. There are around seven (7) “cascading” falls from the source in which you can follow. No technical experience needed to get there. Trekking can be done within a day or you can even stay for the night there.
The first “falls” Quick info of Masaba Falls:
Masaba Falls Features:
Clear and cool water coming from the falls. You can jump as high as 30 ft without touching the bottom of the pool. Scenic view of the rice fields. River trekking. Seven (7) levels of cascading falls.
Trails to Masaba Falls:
There are three (3) trails leading to Masaba Falls:
Caduhaan Hike (Palompon): Either you hike from Palompon town proper or take a Jeepney / Motorbike for rent to Caduhaan. From there, you hike to Masaba 1. There are two (2) Baranggay Masaba, one is part of Palompon and the other (Masaba 2) is part of Matag-ob town. Once you get to Baranggay Masaba, you can ask for someone to guide you there or you can follow the river “upstream”. this will lead you to the waterfalls. It will take around 1-2.5 hours hike from Caduhaan to the Falls depending on your speed.
Tagbubunga Trail (Villaba): Take a Jeepney ride to Villaba, Leyte. Get off at the Tagbubunga Bridge. There is a trail leading to the falls. You may ask anybody for directions or get a guide if it is your first time going there. It will take around 2–3 hours hike from Baranggay Tagbubunga depending on your speed.
Sta. Rosa (Matag-ob): One of the shortest route in going to Masaba Falls but a long way from Palompon Town. Take a Jeepney going to Matag-Ob, Leyte. Get off at the Sta. Rosa Baranggay Hall. Across the building there is a pathway near the Waiting Shed. Follow the pathway towards a trail towards the mountains. I don’t really recommend guides since the trail is clear and lots of locals use it all the time. If in doubt, you may ask from the locals for the way to the falls. They will be happy to help you. The hike will take around 1–2 hours depending on your speed.
Wear comfortable clothes. Wear shoes / sandals. Prepare to get wet. Bring lots of water while hiking. If in doubt, get a guide. Waterproof your things. Trails are usually muddy when it rains. During overnights or camping, make sure the baranggay knows that you will be staying at their area.
A hidden cove somewhere in Baranggay Cantandoy in Palompon, Leyte which offers a scenic view. It takes around 15 minutes to go to Baranggay Cantadoy and probably another 15–20 minutes hike towards the cove. You can take a Kayak or rent a boat to get there if you are coming from Palompon Pier. There is an entrance fee of P10.00.
|Population census of Palompon|
|Source:pa National Statistics Office|
- "Province: Leyte". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 13 June 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 13 June 2013.
- Arcadio A. Molon, Jr. (2013). "History". Palompon Municipality. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- Manuel Artigas de Cuerva “Resena de la Historia de la Provincia de Leyte”
- "An Act Creating the Municipality of Matag-ob in the Province of Leyte". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
- Local Governance Performance Management System
- Papa J's Website