Palompon

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Palompon
Municipality of Palompon
Palompon Rizal Street.jpg
Flag of Palompon
Map of Leyte with Palompon highlighted
Map of Leyte with Palompon highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Palompon is located in Philippines
Palompon
Palompon
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 11°03′N 124°23′E / 11.05°N 124.38°E / 11.05; 124.38Coordinates: 11°03′N 124°23′E / 11.05°N 124.38°E / 11.05; 124.38
CountryPhilippines
RegionEastern Visayas
ProvinceLeyte
District 4th district
Founded1620
Barangays50 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorMyr. Ramon C. Oñate
 • Vice MayorFerdinand Dela Calzada
 • RepresentativeRichard Gomez
 • Councilors
List
 • Electorate43,065 voters (2022)
Area
 • Total126.07 km2 (48.68 sq mi)
Elevation4.9 m (16.1 ft)
Highest elevation
535 m (1,755 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [4]
 • Total58,313
 • Density460/km2 (1,200/sq mi)
 • Households
14,969
DemonymPalomponganon
Economy
 • Income class2nd municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence20.82% (2018)[5]
 • Revenue₱298,998,509.62 (2020)
 • Assets₱756,371,405.94 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱260,363,484.16 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱223,060,522.74 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricityLeyte 5 Electric Cooperative (LEYECO 5)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
6538
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)53
Native languagesCebuano
Tagalog

Palompon (IPA: [pɐlom'pɔn]), officially the Municipality of Palompon (Cebuano: Lungsod sa Palompon; Waray: Bungto han Palompon; Tagalog: Bayan ng Palompon), is a 2nd class municipality in the province of Leyte, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 58,313 people. [4]

History[edit]

Old cannon of Palompon

Along the strip of the fertile coast, the community was founded circa 1620 and originally named Hinablayan. Fish, sea shells, and other marine products abounded. People fished along the shore with arrows tied to vines. Its abundance attracted not only migrants but also Moro raiders from the south. Legend tells that local defenders used to hang the dead bodies of Moros on tree branches so that the place come to be known as Hinablayan (from the word sablay which means "to hang").[6]

The legend continues that when the Spaniards came they saw floating at the bay a cluster (pong pong) of mangrove propagules locally known as "Tungki", they decided to change the name of Hinablayan to Paungpung, after the cluster of mangrove propagules to erase the bloody memory of the Moro raiders. Gradually the name evolved to Palompong, then to Palumpun, and its current spelling of Palompon sometime in 1700 or 1800. It is said that cluster later got stuck to the shoal until they grew up as trees, forming an islet which is Tabuk Island today.[6]

In 1737, Jesuit missionaries arrived and built the first chapel which was later burned during a Moro raid. It was rebuilt and, as a refuge from attack, the chapel was enclosed with piled stones, with a "cota" along the frontage. When the people saw Moro vintas coming, the big church bell would ring the alarm and people rushed inside the church, fighting back with bows and arrows and spears.[6]

The place assumed the role of cabeceria of all the municipalities in the north-western side of Leyte during the Spanish regime. At that time Palompon was under the parish of Hilongos. The parish priest visited the place occasionally for marriage, baptism and masses.

The Jesuits, later succeeded by the Augustinians, built the present church with 300 natives, who were forced labor without pay. If one or some of the laborers were unable to work, they were substituted by others just to maintain the quota every day for the next thirty years. The structure soon became a landmark of Palompon, reputed to be the oldest church in Leyte. On November 12, 1784, Palompon obtained its parochial independence from Hilongos.[6]

Sometime in late 17th century, there was a nine-day battle between the Palomponganons and Moro raiders during which the residents rushed to the stone church (newly completed at that time) and took refuge for more than a week. The Moros suffered losses in that encounter and were defeated. A cannon in the town's plaza is a relic of that battle.[7]

Ormoc remained part of Palompon parish from 1784 until 1851, when finally it was declared as an independent parish. Villaba and Matag-ob were both part of the territorial jurisdiction of this town as well before they obtained their municipio (pueblo) status.

In 1957 the barrios of Santo Rosario, Santa Rosa, Balagtas, San Vicente and Mabini were separated from the municipality of Palompon and constituted into Matag-ob.[8]

Geography[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Palompon, Leyte
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
24
(75)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 78
(3.1)
57
(2.2)
84
(3.3)
79
(3.1)
118
(4.6)
181
(7.1)
178
(7.0)
169
(6.7)
172
(6.8)
180
(7.1)
174
(6.9)
128
(5.0)
1,598
(62.9)
Average rainy days 16.7 13.8 17.3 18.5 23.2 26.5 27.1 26.0 26.4 27.5 24.6 21.0 268.6
Source: Meteoblue[9]

Barangays[edit]

Municipal Hall

Palompon is politically subdivided into 50 barangays,[10]

  • Baguinbin
  • Belen
  • Bitaog Poblacion (Ypil III)
  • Buenavista
  • Caduhaan
  • Cambakbak
  • Cambinoy
  • Cangcosme
  • Cangmuya
  • Canipaan
  • Cantandoy
  • Cantuhaon
  • Catigahan
  • Central 1 (Poblacion)
  • Central 2 (Poblacion)
  • Cruz
  • Duljugan
  • Guiwan 1 (Poblacion)
  • Guiwan 2 (Poblacion)
  • Himarco
  • Hinablayan Poblacion (Central 3)
  • Hinagbuan
  • Lat-osan
  • Liberty
  • Lomonon
  • Mabini
  • Magsaysay
  • Masaba
  • Mazawalo Poblacion (Lili-on)
  • Parilla
  • Pinagdait Poblacion (Ypil I)
  • Pinaghi-usa Poblacion (Ypil II)
  • Plaridel
  • Rizal
  • Sabang
  • San Guillermo
  • San Isidro
  • San Joaquin
  • San Juan
  • San Miguel
  • San Pablo
  • San Pedro
  • San Roque
  • Santiago
  • Taberna
  • Tabunok
  • Tambis
  • Tinabilan
  • Tinago
  • Tinubdan

10 of which are poblacion barangays with an area of approximately 1 square kilometer; the other forty 40 barangays are distributed along the coastline and in the interior rural and mountainous areas.

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Palompon
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 10,199—    
1918 16,208+3.14%
1939 29,120+2.83%
1948 30,858+0.65%
1960 31,291+0.12%
1970 34,513+0.98%
1975 36,540+1.15%
1980 40,242+1.95%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1990 45,745+1.29%
1995 50,319+1.80%
2000 50,754+0.18%
2007 52,530+0.48%
2010 54,163+1.12%
2015 58,108+1.35%
2020 58,313+0.07%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[11][12][13][14]

In the 2020 census, the population of Palompon, Leyte, was 58,313 people, [4] with a density of 460 inhabitants per square kilometre or 1,200 inhabitants per square mile.

Language[edit]

Cebuano (Kana dialect) is widely spoken in Palompon but you may hear a few who speak Waray-Waray as there are students coming from different towns/cities from the eastern part of the region that are native Waray-waray speakers.

Economy[edit]


Tourism[edit]

Kalanggaman Island

Kalanggaman Island[edit]

A quiet and remote location ideal for the cruise ship passengers looking for a place to relax and unwind. It is for its magnificent sandbars, both stretching at the end of the island. Unlike other beach resorts, this island is not always crowded. Activities on the island include swimming in its crystal blue beach, snorkeling to see its majestic underwater gems, and kayaking.

Tabuk Marine Park and Bird Sanctuary[edit]

A 10-minute boat ride from the Palompon island perfect for tourists looking for simplicity and beauty with the mangroves and preservation of the surroundings. Kayaking is the way to tour the islet.

Palompon Eco-Terrestrial Adventure Park[edit]

In November 2016, the park opened to visitors along with some activities such as Duathlon Race, Trail Run and Long Board exhibition & competition.

Lantaw[edit]

A small hill on the southwest end of Palompon. Recommended for visitors who want a quick hike to witness a view of the town.

Palompon Church

Other attractions:

  • Palompon Church
  • Buenavista Underwater Caves
  • Tabuk Marine Sanctuary

Education[edit]

Palompon has 2 tertiary institutions:

It also has 12 secondary institutions:

Public[edit]

  • Palompon National Highschool
  • Lomonon National Highschool
  • Tinabilan National Highschool
  • Alfredo Parilla National Highschool (San Miguel)
  • Taberna National Highschool
  • Cantuhaon National Highschool
  • San Guillermo National Highschool

Private[edit]

  • PIT Laboratory Highschool (Semi-Public)
  • Colegio de San Francisco Javier
  • NLC Laboratory Highschool
  • Ace Learning Center Inc.
  • PromisedLand Educational Academy Inc.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Municipality of Palompon | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ https://www.philatlas.com/visayas/r08/leyte/palompon.html.
  4. ^ a b c Census of Population (2020). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  5. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  6. ^ a b c d Arcadio A. Molon, Jr. (2013). "History". Palompon Municipality. Archived from the original on 23 July 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
  7. ^ Manuel Artigas de Cuerva “Resena de la Historia de la Provincia de Leyte
  8. ^ "An Act Creating the Municipality of Matag-ob in the Province of Leyte". LawPH.com. Archived from the original on 2012-07-13. Retrieved 2011-04-12.
  9. ^ "Palompon: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 29 February 2020.
  10. ^ "Province: Leyte". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  11. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  12. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  13. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  14. ^ "Province of Leyte". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  15. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  19. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  20. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  21. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.

External links[edit]