Palwal district

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Palwal district
District of Haryana
Location of Palwal district in Haryana
Location of Palwal district in Haryana
CountryIndia
StateHaryana
Administrative divisionFaridabad
HeadquartersPalwal
TehsilsPalwal, Hodal, Hathin
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesFaridabad (shared with Faridabad district)
 • Assembly seats4
Area
 • Total1,359 km2 (525 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total1,040,493
 • Density770/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
 • Urban235,663
Demographics
 • Literacy70.32%
 • Sex ratio879
Major highways
  • 3 (NH-2)
  • KMP Expressway
  • KGP Expressway
Average annual precipitation60–100 mm
WebsiteOfficial website

Palwal district is the 21st district of Haryana state in northern India. Palwal city is the headquarters of this district.[not verified in body] Palwal city comes under national capital region.

The city is situated 60 kilometres (37 mi) from Delhi and 29 kilometres (18 mi) from Faridabad on the Delhi–Mathura highway (NH-2).[not verified in body] The area of the city is 22.10 square kilometres (8.53 sq mi).[1]

Geography[edit]

Palwal is located at 28°09′N 77°20′E / 28.15°N 77.33°E / 28.15; 77.33.[2] It has an average elevation of 195 metres (639 ft).

Entymology[edit]

According to tradition, the city of Palwal is named for the demon Palwali who was said to have ruled during the reign of Pandavas.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Palwal was part of Punjab Province in 1903.

Palwal is supposed to figure in the earliest Aryan traditions under the name of Apelava, part of the Pandava kingdom of Indraprastha, which was later restored by Vikramaditya.[3]

During the British period, Palwal was a part of the Punjab Province and Gurgaon district. Many people from Palwal participated in the 1857 revolt against the British forces. Hayat Ali and Khairat Ali were martyred along with 17 people from Palwal. Hayat Ali was taken to Delhi and hanged, and a large number of arrest warrants were issued.[4]

Mahatma Gandhi ji was first arrested at Palwal's railway station. The building Gandhi Ashrama was erected in the memory of the incident.[citation needed]

On 15 August 1979, Gurgaon district was divided, with Palwal becoming part of the new Faridabad district.[5] Finally Palwal became the 21st district of Haryana on 15 August 2008.

Demographics[edit]

Religion in Palwal district (2011)[6]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
79.25%
Islam
20.00%
Sikhism
0.38%
Christianity
0.09%
Jainism
0.09%
Buddhism
0.03%
Not Stated
0.16%

According to the 2011 census, Palwal district had a population of 1,040,493.[7] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 25.49%.[7] Palwal had a sex ratio of 879 females for every 1,000 males,[7] and a literacy rate of 70.3%.[7]

As of 2011 India census,[8] Palwal city had a population of 235,663. Males constituted 53% of the population and females 47%. Palwal had an average literacy rate of 71%, higher than the national average of 65%: male literacy was 78%, and female literacy was 67%. In Palwal District, 30% of the population was Jat and 25% was Gujjar.

Administration[edit]

Palwal district comprises 282 villages, 237 gram panchayats, 1 municipal council, 2 municipal committees, 3 sub-divisions, 4 development blocks and 3 tehsils. The sub-divisions are under the control of sub-divisional magistrate while each development block is under the control of a block development and panchayat officer. All the blocks are covered under Swarn Jayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojna and other developmental programmes. Developmental programmes are overseen by the additional deputy commissioner-cum chief executive officer, DRDA Palwal. The district is under the overall charge of the deputy commissioner who is also the chairman of the District Rural Development Agency.

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Palwal consists of agricultural and commercial areas, and has many temples, schools, colleges and banks. It also contains developed areas like Housing board colony, New colony, Main market, shivapuri, Krishna colony, shiv colony, camp colony and Huda sector 2. There is a main chowk (English: market) called the Heart of Palwal. The government plans to develop the economy of Palwal in line with nearby cities like Delhi, Gurgaon, Noida, Faridabad, Khair, Mathura.[citation needed]

Forests[edit]

The Forest Department aims to increase forestation for soil conservation in the district, in line with the National Forests Policy of the Ministry of Environment and Forests. According to the plan, about one-third of the geographical area should be under tree cover. In order to achieve this objective large-scale plantings have been undertaken on community, panchayat, government and private land over the last 20 years. Saplings of eucalypyus, shisham, neem, and other fruit plants were distributed free of costs to farmers to plant in their fields.

Culture[edit]

Palwal has an annual festival known as known as "Baldev Chhat Ka Mela" which celebrates the legend of Balarama killing the demon Palwali during the reign of Pandavas. There is also a temple dedicated to Balaram near the chowk (marketplace) of the municipal office.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palwal Geography Yamuna Action Plan official website.
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Palwal
  3. ^ Palwal Town The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 19, p. 375.
  4. ^ Hakim Syed Zillur Rahman (2008). "1857 ki Jung-e Azadi main Khandan ka hissa". Ḥayāt-i Karam Ḥusain (2nd ed.). Aligarh, India: Ibn Sina Academy of Medieval Medicine and Sciences. pp. 253–258. OCLC 852404214.
  5. ^ History Archived 2007-10-13 at the Wayback Machine. Official website Gurgaon.
  6. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/census/district/228-palwal.html
  7. ^ a b c d "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  8. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.

External links[edit]