Pamona language

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Native toIndonesia
Native speakers
140,000 (2000)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3pmf
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Pamona (also Poso or Bare’e) is an Austronesian language spoken in Central and South Sulawesi, Indonesia. It is part of the northern group of the Kaili–Pamona languages.


Ethnologue lists the following as dialects: Laiwonu (Iba), Pamona (Poso), Rapangkaka (Aria), Taa (Topotaa, Wana), Tobau (Bare’e, Tobalo, Tobao), Tokondindi, Tomoni, and Topada.[2]


Pamona has the following sound inventory:[3]

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive voiceless p t k ʔ
voiced b d ɟ g
Prenasalized plosive voiceless ᵐp ⁿt ᶮc ᵑk
voiced ᵐb ⁿd ᶮɟ ᵑg
Fricative s h
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Trill r
Approximant ʋ l j
Front Central Back
Close i u
Close-Mid e o
Open a


  1. ^ Pamona at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Pamona at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. ^ Adriani (1931), p. 17.


  • Adriani, Nicolaus (1931). Spraakkunst der Bare'e-Taal. Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen, LXX. Bandung: A. C. Nix.