Pamona language

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Pamona
Bare’e
Native toIndonesia
RegionSulawesi
Native speakers
140,000 (2000)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3pmf
Glottologpamo1252[2]

Pamona (also Poso or Bare’e) is an Austronesian language spoken in Central and South Sulawesi, Indonesia. It is part of the northern group of the Kaili–Pamona languages.

Dialects[edit]

Ethnologue lists as dialects: Laiwonu (Iba), Pamona (Poso), Rapangkaka (Aria), Taa (Topotaa, Wana), Tobau (Bare’e, Tobalo, Tobao), Tokondindi, Tomoni, Topada.[3]

Phonology[edit]

Pamona has the following sound inventory:[4]

Consonants
Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Plosive voiceless p t k ʔ
voiced b d ɟ g
Prenasalized plosive voiceless ᵐp ⁿt ᶮc ᵑk
voiced ᵐb ⁿd ᶮɟ ᵑg
Fricative s h
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Trill r
Approximant ʋ l j
Vowels
Front Central Back
Close i u
Close-Mid e o
Open a


Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Pamona at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Pamona". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Pamona at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  4. ^ Adriani (1931), p. 17.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Adriani, Nicolaus (1931). Spraakkunst der Bare'e-Taal. Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen, LXX. Bandung: A. C. Nix.