Pamphiliidae

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Pamphiliidae
Acantholyda nemoralis 1 beentree.jpg
Acantholyda nemoralis
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Clade: Euarthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Hymenoptera
Superfamily: Pamphilioidea
Family: Pamphiliidae
Cameron, 1890
Diversity
~200 species in 8 genera

Pamphiliidae (sometimes incorrectly spelled Pamphilidae) is a small wasp family within Symphyta, containing some 200 species from the temperate regions of North America and Eurasia. The larvae feed on plants (often conifers), using silk to either build webs or tents, or to roll leaves into tubes, in which they feed, thus earning them the common names leaf-rolling sawflies or web-spinning sawflies. They are distinguished from the closely related Megalodontesidae by their simple, filiform antennae.

Subfamilies and genera[edit]

The family is currently divided into three subfamilies based on phylogenetic analysis of both extant and extinct species.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Wang, M.; Rasnitsyn, A.P.; Li, H.; Shih, C.; Sharkey, M.J.; Ren, D. (2015). "Phylogenetic analyses elucidate the inter‐relationships of Pamphilioidea (Hymenoptera, Symphyta)". Cladistics. 32 (3): 239–260. doi:10.1111/cla.12129.
  2. ^ Wang, M.; Shih, C.; Ren, D.; Rasnitsyn, A.P. (2014). "A new fossil genus in Pamphiliidae (Hymenoptera) from China". Alcheringa. 38 (3): 391–397. doi:10.1080/03115518.2014.884366.
  3. ^ Archibald, S.B.; Rasnitsyn, A.P. (2015). "New early Eocene Siricomorpha (Hymenoptera: Symphyta: Pamphiliidae, Siricidae, Cephidae) from the Okanagan Highlands, western North America". The Canadian Entomologist. 148 (2): 209–228. doi:10.4039/tce.2015.55.