Pamphilus (painter)

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Pamphilus of Amphipolis (Ancient Greek: Πάμφιλος, fourth century BC) was a Macedonian[1] painter and head of Sicyonian school. Under his influence painting became a regular part of Greek classical education,[2] and a number of his pupils went on to become well-known painters.


Pamphilus was the disciple of Eupompus, the founder of the Sicyonian school of painting, and worked to establish this school.[3] Of his own works we have mostly scanty accounts; but he was well known and respected as a teacher of his style of art. Among those who paid price for his tuition were Melanthius, Pausias and Apelles[4] the painter of Alexander the Great.

According to Pliny, Pamphilus was an educated man, both in literacy and mathematics.[5] He promoted the importance of education to the development of skilful painting.[6]


The prominence of Pamphilus' school of painting contributed to the acceptance of painting as important to the education of nobel youth.[7] His ideas about the incorporation of mathematical skills in painting were quoted centuries later as evidence that painting was a science.[8]