Pampulha (Belo Horizonte)

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Pampulha
Administrative Region
  • Região Administrativa da Pampulha
  • Administrative Region of Pampulha
Aerial view of Pampulha
Aerial view of Pampulha
Location of Pampulha in Belo Horizonte
Location of Pampulha in Belo Horizonte
Pampulha is located in Brazil
Pampulha
Pampulha
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 19°51′44″S 43°58′14″W / 19.86222°S 43.97056°W / -19.86222; -43.97056Coordinates: 19°51′44″S 43°58′14″W / 19.86222°S 43.97056°W / -19.86222; -43.97056
Country  Brazil
Region Southeast
State Bandeira de Minas Gerais.svg Minas Gerais
City Bandeira de Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais).svg Belo Horizonte
Founded 1943
Area
 • Total 47.13 km2 (18.20 sq mi)
Population (2015)
 • Total 145,262
 • Density 3.08/km2 (8.0/sq mi)
Time zone Brasilia Official Time (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) Brazilian Daylight Saving Time (UTC-2)

Pampulha (Portuguese: Região Administrativa da Pampulha) is an administrative region in the city of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. It is one of nine administrative regions of Belo Horizonte, and occupies 47.13 kilometres (29.29 mi) in the northeast of the city. It has a population of 145,262 and a population density of 3.08 per square kilometer. The center of the Pampulha is occupied by Lake Pampulha, an artificial lake constructed in the early 1940s by Mayor Juscelino Kubitschek, later president of Brazil from 1956 to 1961. The Pampulha administrative region is further subdivided into 29 neighborhoods (bairros), one of which is also called Pampulha.[1][2]

Otacílio Negrão de Limam, mayor of Belo Horizonte in the early 20th century, dammed a small streamed called Pampulha in 1936 for flood control and augment the city water supply through the creation of a reservoir. The resulting Lake Pampulha became the site of an urban development project by Juscelino Kubitschek. Kubitschek called on the young architect Oscar Niemeyer to create a series of buildings; Niemeyer was joined by the landscape architect Roberto Burle Marx and numerous artists to create site now considered the earliest and most important example of Modernism in Brazil.[1][3]

In July 2016 the area around the lake became an UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the Pampulha Modern Ensemble (Conjunto Arquitetônico da Pampulha).[3][4]

Transport[edit]

Belo Horizonte/Pampulha – Carlos Drummond de Andrade Airport is in the area.

Education[edit]

The Santa Amélia section formerly housed the Escola Japonesa de Belo Horizonte (ベロ・オリゾンテ日本人学校) a.k.a. Instituto Cultural Mokuyoo-Kai Sociedade Civil, a Japanese day school.[5][6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Perfil da Região Administrativa Pampulha" (in Portuguese). Belo Horizonte, MG: Prefeitura Municipal de Belo Horizonte. 2003. Retrieved 2016-07-16. 
  2. ^ "IBGE divulga dados populacionais de Belo Horizonte" (in Portuguese). Belo Horizonte, MG: Prefeitura Municipal de Belo Horizonte. 2011-05-08. Retrieved 2016-07-16. 
  3. ^ a b "Candidatura da Pampulha a patrimônio mundial será oficializada" (in Portuguese). UNESCO. 2014-10-12. Retrieved 2016-07-16. 
  4. ^ "Four new sites inscribed on UNESCO's World Heritage List". UNESCO. 2016-07-17. Retrieved 2016-07-20. 
  5. ^ Home page. Escola Japonesa de Belo Horizonte. Retrieved on January 15, 2015.
  6. ^ "中南米の日本人学校一覧" (Archive). National Education Center, Japan (国立教育会館). October 3, 1999. Retrieved on February 16, 2015. "Instituto Cultural Mokuyoo-Kai Sociedade Civil Rua das Canarias,2171 Santa Amelia, Belo Horizonte, M.G, Brasil"