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Coordinates: 44°52′14″N 20°38′25″E / 44.87056°N 20.64028°E / 44.87056; 20.64028
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Панчево (Serbian)
Град Панчево
Grad Pančevo

City of Pančevo
Panorama of Pančevo
National Museum
Pančevo City Hall
Assumption of the Holy Virgin Church
Church of St. Charles Borromeo
Pučka Bank
National Garden
River Tamiš
Flag of Pančevo
Coat of arms of Pančevo
Pančevo is located in Serbia
Location of city of Pančevo within Serbia
Pančevo is located in Europe
Pančevo (Europe)
Coordinates: 44°52′14″N 20°38′25″E / 44.87056°N 20.64028°E / 44.87056; 20.64028
Country Serbia
Province Vojvodina
DistrictSouth Banat
First mention1153
City status1873
 • MayorAleksandar Stevanović[1] (SNS)
 • Deputy MayorDragana Kuprešanin (SNS)[2]
 • Ruling partiesSNS, ZSG, SPS/JS[3]
 • Urban
263.14 km2 (101.60 sq mi)
 • Administrative755.66 km2 (291.76 sq mi)
77 m (253 ft)
 • Rank7th in Serbia
 • City
 • Administrative
 • Administrative density150/km2 (400/sq mi)
DemonymPančevac (sr)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
Area code+381(0)13
ISO 3166 codeSRB
Car platesPA

Pančevo (Serbian Cyrillic: Панчево, pronounced [pâːntʃeʋo]; German: Pantschowa; Hungarian: Pancsova; Romanian: Panciova; Slovak: Pánčevo) is a city and the administrative center of the South Banat District in the autonomous province of Vojvodina, Serbia. It is located on the shores of rivers Tamiš and Danube, in the southern part of Banat region. Since the 2022 census 115,454 people have been living in the Pančevo administrative area. Pančevo is the third largest city in Vojvodina and the seventh largest in Serbia by population.[7]

Pančevo was first mentioned in 1153 and was described as an important mercantile place. It gained the status of a city in 1873 following the disestablishment of the Military Frontier in that region. For most of its period, it was the part of the Kingdom of Hungary and after 1920 it became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, which was renamed in 1929 to Yugoslavia. Since then with one interruption it was part of several Yugoslav states and after the dissolution of the latest in 2003, it is part of its successor state, Serbia. Pančevo is notable for being multi-ethnic, Serbs (and Germans until 1945) have been the dominant ethnic group since the 16th century and since 2011 they compose 80% of the total population of the city.

Pančevo is a city with rich cultural events and monuments, and in the past, it also used to be a filming location for many national and international movie productions. Since 2003 an international and multi-cultural carnival has been organized in the city. It is also the main economic center of the South Banat region and its economy is also mostly tied up to Belgrade's economy. HIP factory is located in Pančevo as well as UTVA which was heavily damaged during the bombing of Yugoslavia in 1999. Pančevo is also well known for its brewery and silk factory which were founded in the early 18th century, and as well as the light bulb factory which are all now defunct. Pančevo is also home to many historical objects, museums and parks.


In Serbian and Macedonian, the town is known as Pančevo (Панчево), in Hungarian as Pancsova, in Slovak as Pánčevo, in Romanian as Panciova and in German as Pantschowa. The place name is probably derived from an old Slavonic term and meant location of marsh.[8]


Pančevo is located on flat plains at 44°52′14″N 20°38′25″E / 44.87056°N 20.64028°E / 44.87056; 20.64028, approximately 17 km NE of Pančevo bridge to Belgrade and 43 km NW of Smederevo. The altitude above sea level is 77 meters. The southern city quarters are located on the bank of the Danube, the western quarters to the bank of Tamiš. The Danube river islands Forkontumac and Čakljanac are southernmost part of urban area.


Pančevo has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa).

Climate data for Pančevo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Mean daily maximum °C (°F) 4.5
Daily mean °C (°F) 1.0
Mean daily minimum °C (°F) −2.2
Average precipitation mm (inches) 50
Source: Climate-Data.org[9]

Flora and fauna[edit]


Nature reserves near the city, the coastal areas of the rivers Tamis and Danube, as well as numerous islands, are a habitat for over 100 species of birds, 63 species of which are natural rarities.

The City Forest with over 300 hectares and the National Garden, the largest city park with almost 15 hectares, are located just a few minutes walk from the center of Pancevo and are home to many species of birds.

A particularly important bird habitat, in addition to the Ponjavica Nature Park and the Ivanovacka Ada Special Nature Reserve, is the Deliblato Sands Special Nature Reserve, which is partly located in Pancevo.

The notable bird species found in Pančevo are the white-tailed eagle, black storks, bullfinch and black-winged stilt.

The first lowland feeding ground in Serbia for the white-tailed eagle, which is on the list of endangered species, was built on the territory of Pancevo.[10]


In the late 19th and early 20th century many archaeological artifacts of the Stone Age period were found, remains of settlements and places of burial from the times of Bronze Age (Urnfield culture) and Ancient Rome on the urban area. Most of the objects are exhibited at the National Museum of the town.[11][12]

In 1154, Arabic Muslim geographer Muhammad al-Idrisi described region in his Book of Pleasant Journeys into Faraway Lands as important mercantile place. Regional area was administered by Bulgarian Empire until early 11th century, then by Kingdom of Hungary until it became part of Ottoman Empire in 1521. During Turkish rule, region was part of the Temeşvar Eyalet and mostly populated by Serbs. In 1660, Evliya Çelebi described the town as quadrangular fortification being diameter of one hundred Turkish feet. During Austro-Turkish War, the fortification was conquered by mImperial troops under supreme command of Claude Florimond de Mercy in 1716. There is an impression of old city and its fortification recorded on maps from 1717 and 1720 which are located at National Széchényi Library and Institute of Military History in Budapest.[13][14]

National Archives of Austria, Map of Josephinian Land Survey (1769–1772), city without still existing fortification

After the Treaty of Požarevac, urban area belonged to Habsburg Banat, and was Garrison place of temporarily stationed Regiments of Imperial Army. In December 1764, a military commission of Viennese Hofkriegsrat registered all people and number of more or less habitable houses, and Habsburg government encouraged massive immigration of German settlers for administrative furnishing and developing new district of Military Frontier. In January 1794, Francis II signed the charter of borough rights of Pančevo, there is no other real evidence like a deed of City founding. In 1852, fortification has been slighted for urban expanding. In 1873, the military frontier was abolished and Pančevo included into Torontál county of Austria-Hungary. In 1902, cadastral maps of the town were recorded which are located at the National Archives of Hungary.[15][16][17]

Historical Synagogue, building and land lot was confiscated by Danube Swabians of Autonomous Banat[18]

After Austrian-Hungarian Armistice of Villa Giusti, region became part of provisional Torontalsko-tamiške županja and due to Treaty of Trianon finally Yugoslavian part, in 1922 structured into Belgrade oblast and since 1929 into Dunavska banovina from Kingdom of Yugoslavia.

Effects of World War II on City life[edit]

I visit a former Viennese acquaintance who has been living as an emigrant for years in Belgrade. And when I tell him that I want to visit relatives of a deceased friend in Pančevo, he recommends me: Germans live there. Open your eyes - and shut your mouth. Franz Theodor Csokor, March 1941.[19]

In April 1941, Pančevo was occupied during the invasion of Yugoslavia by Germany. On 21-22 April, 1941, Wehrmacht soldiers committed a war crime massacre in the city when 36 Serbian people were murdered by hanging and shooting as a reprisal for the deaths of 9 Volksdeutsche members of the paramilitary formation Mannschaft, a part of the SS Division Das Reich, and a wounded comrade of that division, attacked by three men of the Royal Yugoslavian Army before the state surrender. On April 11, 1941, Royal Cavalry officers Stevan Rikanović, Saša Rakezić and Milan Orlić gave a signal during the German parade that they did not accept the looming Yugoslavian defeat. They erected temporary scaffolding behind a wall of a Catholic cemetery and fired at the Nazi Mannschaft, who, after overcoming that surprise, returned fire immediately, assisted by two SS men who had been seated in a nearby German café. On April 6, 1941, members of the Mannschaft had already daubed anti-semitic slogans on some graves in this cemetery; some gravestones were badly damaged, too, but they put on the grave of Georg Weifert a wreath with a decorated swastika ribbon. The following day, pro-German groups marched through all the streets, smashed windows of Serbian shops and taunted, spat and beat Serbian civilians because "they had to stay in their homes and were not allowed to go out." On April 17, 1941, there was a power demonstration with a deployment of Mannschaft units in front of City Hall Square, and an incendiary speech by Kreisführer Otto Vogenberger from the balcony of the building, in which he spoke about the "liberation of regional Germans from Yugoslav slavery" and announced "three days of celebrations until the birthday of our Führer." On April 20, 1941, the Kreisführer was personally gifted with a portrait of Hitler by Heinrich Knirr, who was "visiting his beloved homeland". On May 1, 1941, selected policemen from the Banatian State Guard were publicly sworn in at the same place with black uniforms and a Totenkopf on their collar, speaking words such as "protecting the rights and lives of German people," although they had already been recruited in April.[20] Propaganda photos and film of the reprisal massacre were used decades after the event to help chronicle the Wehrmacht's complicity in the atrocities during the war, often manipulated in German-language TV documentaries.[21][22][23]

Svilara, Headquarter of Banater Staatswache since April 1941 and OZNA since October 1944.

During World War II in Yugoslavia, Pančevo was part of Autonomous Banat within German-occupied Serbia. Selected Danube Swabian men were recruited and conscripted in Mannschaft, in Waffen-SS, the majority of them either in SS-Division Das Reich, in German Police or SS Freiwilligen Gebirgsjäger Division Prinz Eugen. More than 99.99 percent of local German women and youth were organized in formations such as the Deutsche Frauenschaft and the Deutsche Jugend (including the DMB) and dedicated to Nazism. In 1943, the Südostdeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft issued a very treacherously worded census with the note "for official use only," stating that "there are amazingly fifty eight 'orthodox Germans' in it," which is a phrase used to describe collaborators of Romanian origin. In 1944, after the defeat of the German Wehrmacht and the Waffen-SS during the Belgrade Offensive by the Allied Armies, a part of the German population left the city, together with the defeated German army. In November 1944, in cooperation with the OZNA, a KNOJ brigade was set up to denazify the region, consisting of 20 elite partisans who volunteered to execute symbolic deterrent measures under the supreme command of Brigade Commander Svetozar Rupić. All measures began for the first time in January 1945 after intensive research and determination of the execution sites.[24][25] The rest of the ethnic German population remained in the country. These people were sent to local internment camps which existed until 1948. After their dissolution, much of the ethnic German population left Yugoslavia for economic reasons. From 1945, the city belonged to the Srez Pančevo of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. The city was the administrative center of the region from all these centuries to the present.[26][27][28]


Main municipal building

The administration of the municipality of Pančevo is structured in 9 local communities (Mesna zajednica, singular; abbreviation MZ) of seven villages, two towns and the city of Pančevo, structured in eight local communities of eight city districts with several quarters.[29]

Administrative area structure[edit]

Community (MZ) Banatski Brestovac Banatsko Novo Selo Dolovo Glogonj Ivanovo Jabuka Kačarevo Omoljica Starčevo Pančevo City
Area (km2) 61,905 98,955 117,176 42,775 42,567 51,786 39,706 77,262 62,066 161,373

The administrative area differs to the historical administrative area. From 1946 to 1959, the historical municipality (Srez) was structured in 23 communities, including today's communities and the villages and cities of Baranda, Borča, Crepaja, Debeljača, Idvor, Kovačica, Opovo, Ovča, Padina, Sakule, Sefkerin, Uzdin and Vojlovica. The city district Vojlovica was added to the town in 1978.

City administrative structure[edit]

City districts of Pančevo
MZ Centar:
  • Donji grad
  • Zelengora
  • Mali London (Mali Rit)
  • Sodara
  • Topola
  • Utvina kolonija

MZ Gornji grad:

  • Karaula
  • Skrobara

MZ Kotež:

  • Kotež 1
  • Kotež 2

MZ Mladost:

  • Kudeljarski nasip
  • Stara Misa
  • Misa vinogradi (Nova Misa)

MZ Stari Tamiš

MZ Strelište

MZ Tesla

MZ Vojlovica


Municipality of Pančevo

Municipal area population[edit]

Year 1961 1971 1981 1991 2002 2011 2022
Total 93,744 110,780 123,791 125,261 127,162 123,414 115,454

Demography of city population[edit]

Year 1869 1890 1910 1931 1948 1961 1981 2002 2011 2022
Total 16,888 17,948 20,808 22,089 30,516 46,679 71,801 77,087 76,203 73,401

Demography of municipal population by ethnicity[edit]

Year Total Serbs Macedonians Hungarians Romanians Roma Slovaks Croats Other nationalities
2011 123,414 97,499 4,558 3,422 3,173 2,118 1,411 880 10,353


Cultural institutions and events[edit]

The oldest and most traditional cultural institution of the city is the Serbian Church Choral Society, founded in 1838 and the oldest still existing Choral Society of today's Serbia. Since its inception, probably the most famous of all honorable choirmasters is Davorin Jenko, who conducted the choir from 1863 to 1865. In the present, the choir is conducted for the fourth time in a continuous sequence by a woman. The most important Cultural Center of the city (Kulturni Centar Pančeva) is located in the former theater building of the city, founded in 1947 and named National Theater which realized play productions in cooperation with National Theater Novi Sad. In 1956, the political authorities of the town decided the creation of a cultural center which is representing variety of all Arts. The center has a gallery of Modern art, and it promotes continuous festivals like Biennial of Art (Bijenale umetnosti), the music festival Ethno.com and the Pančevački Jazz Festival with artists from all over the world. In addition, some theater productions are shown annually in cooperation with National Theater Belgrade and other famous institutions. In 2012, the center published all popular stories of Zigomar Comics in a collected edition. Since 1977, the House of Youth (Dom omladine) is venue of the event Rukopisi (Manuscripts) where young writers are presented each year. The facility also promotes many other events like FreeDOM Art Festival. There is also the continuous Film festival PAFF worth mentioning which has a good reputation beyond the region. In the past, the city has been filming location for many national and international movie productions, including well known movies such as La Tour, prends garde!, The Mongols, I Even Met Happy Gypsies, Balkan Express, Black Cat, White Cat and Coriolanus.[30][31][32][33][34][35]

Since 2004, each year in June the Pančevački Carnival become the most important event of its kind in Serbia. The highlight of the event is the parade which goes through the center with more than over 3,000 international participants and up to 100,000 visitors annually. The city is a member of the Federation of European Carnival Cities.[36]

National Museum

The National Museum was founded in 1923 and it is located in former neoclassical city hall since several decades. The institution has a valuable permanent exhibition and it is one of the most important museums of Vojvodina. The Vajfert Brewery is located in the town's center and it is the oldest one of today's Serbia, founded in 1722 by Abraham Kepiš from Bratislava. The brewery was run by the Vajfert family for several generations and its most famous represent was Đorđe Vajfert. After closing in 2008 and a conflagration in 2010, the building complex was a ruin in recent years. In 2015, the city began to realize a concept for revitalizing the industrial heritage and in the following year, the Đorđe Vajfert Brewery Museum was opened in the presence of the Austrian and German ambassadors. In the same year, a new summer festival called Vajfert Days was held for the first time. The intention of the organizer is to promote the tourist, cultural, artistic and economic potential of the city. There is an archive of the city, founded in 1947 and it is located in former barracks of Austrian-Hungarian Army. The archive collects and preserves materials of town's history from all centuries.[37][38][39][40][41]

Cultural monuments[edit]

Pančevo's Vojlovica monastery is one of the oldest monasteries of Vojvodina, the oldest sacral building complex of the city and declared Cultural Monument of Exceptional Importance. In 1542, the monastery was first mentioned by hegumen Jeronomah Parfenije in a Serbian almanac of Božidar Vuković. The church of the monastery is dedicated to Archangels Michael and Gabriel and was transformed into neoclassical stile towards the end of 18th century. From 1942 to 1944, some Orthodox dignitaries such as Gavrilo V were temporarily imprisoned in the monastery and the entire building complex was observed by members of Deutsche Mannschaft including obligation to regularly report for Banater Staatswache. The oldest church in town is the Roman Catholic Church Saint Charles Borromeo, built from 1756 to 1757 and in 1768, the building was extended with a steeple which was equipped with a turret clock in 1868 to mark its centenary. Its column in the square in front of the building with statue of Abraham and Isaac was built in 1722. The building was previously used as a provisional church of a Minorite monastery. The religious order provided the military chaplains for the garrison of the Imperial Army. The Serbian Orthodox Church Assumption of Holy Virgin was built from 1807 to 1811. The iconostasis of the church was designed by the painter Konstantin Danil from 1828 to 1833. The urban Institute for Protection of Cultural Monuments supports the maintenance and restoration of Pančevo's Cultural Heritage.[42][43][44][45][46][47]


The weekly newspaper Pančevac is oldest one of still existing print media in Serbia, founded in 1869, weekly newspaper Libertatea is most widely used print media of Romanians in Serbia, its first edition has been published in May 1945. The most used local mass media is RTV Pančevo. The TV station started broadcasting its programs in 1992.[48][49][50]


There is a single but well known board game club in Pančevo. Founded in 2015, Klub d20 brings together people who love all kinds of games, as well as epic and science fiction.

It's meant to cater to all ages, from 5 to 105, to all those who are willing to learn something new through games and to get acquainted with new, non-classic board games of different kinds such as RPG, card and video.

The club also organizes movies nights and watching of TV series, as well as literary evenings and tribunes on appropriate topics. In the club you can find well over 100 board games which you can play in the club or rent for an affordable price and play in the comfort of your home. However, since it really is a hub of fun and games in Pančevo, most people prefer to bring their friends and enjoy board games in the club quarters.

Since the Covid-19 outbreak began the club has temporarily shut its doors but Pančevo residents and board game enthusiasts from afar are eagerly awaiting its reopening.


Bird's eye view of NIS oil refinery

Pančevo is the economic center of South Banat District. There are many industrial companies in processing of oil, steel, aluminum, glass, corn, grain, in metalworking, in producing petrochemicals, fertilizer, commercial packaging, PET molding machines, clothes, grain mill products, bacon and other food, in construction of aircraft, thermal power stations and buildings of steel beams.

Pančevo's economy is tied up with Belgrade economy, as the distance between the cities is only 14 kilometers. The industrial site of NIS refinery is the largest one of all refineries in Serbia. In 1999, the industrial site was strategically bombed by NATO bombing of Yugoslavia.

Precise targets included the refinery, the town's airport, the Utva aircraft industry and HIP factory. The UNEP reported in studies about soil and groundwater contamination caused by NATO bombardment. The contamination is a long-term threat to natural environment and human health.[citation needed]

There are two protected natural resources located in surroundings of the city, the natural monument Ivanov's island (Serbian Ivanovačka ada) and the Nature Park Ponjavica.[51][52][53]

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):[54]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 756
Mining and quarrying 207
Manufacturing 6,982
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 414
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities 708
Construction 1,353
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 5,631
Transportation and storage 1,733
Accommodation and food services 988
Information and communication 501
Financial and insurance activities 496
Real estate activities 56
Professional, scientific and technical activities 1,302
Administrative and support service activities 868
Public administration and defense; compulsory social security 1,513
Education 1,919
Human health and social work activities 2,833
Arts, entertainment and recreation 453
Other service activities 634
Individual agricultural workers 570
Total 29,919

Public transportation[edit]

Railways in Pančevo area
Banatsko Novo Selo
Pančevo strelište
enlarge… Palilula
Pančevo Vojlovica
Pančevo Harbor
Railway station Pančevo Varoš

The most important road that runs through Pančevo is the European route E70 which forms a bypass around the city center, connecting the city with Belgrade. The IB-14 highway to Smederevo via Kovin starts here, and so does the IIA-130 highway to Ečka. As the most important regional mode of transport on road is made available a bus route network for public passenger traffic by Autotransport Pančevo since 1948.[55]

Having a relatively small population, Pančevo has no less than four passenger railway stations: Pančevo Glavna stanica, Pančevo Varoš, Pančevo Strelište and Pančevo Vojlovica. Apart from these, Serbian Railways also serve some important industries, such as NIS oil refinery and mineral fertilizer HIP-Azotara. In April 1894, the city was connected to the European railways net.[56]

The municipality lies on left bank downriver of Danube which is one of the Europe's main waterways. The new harbor was built in 1947, Tamiš discharges into Danube just outside the town of Pančevo.[57]


There are some popular sporting clubs in town, the football (soccer) team FK Železničar Pančevo, the women's football club ŽFK, the basketball club KK Tamiš and the American football team Pančevo Panthers. Currently, the most successful athlete is Slobodan Bitević who lives in the city. Dušan Borković is a Serbian auto racing driver from Pančevo. He was the two time European champion 2012 European Hill Climb Championship and 2015 European Touring Car Cup, and also a member of the National Assembly of Serbia from 2016 to 2020.


One of the most prominent and famous parts of the city is the park. It is located in the very heart of Pančevo. The park and the Kralj Petar square represent the ''lungs'' of the city.

In late 2021, the reconstruction of the park began. JKP Zelenilo hired the Faculty of Forestry do a detailed estimate of the health of trees located in the park, the JKP Vodovod i kanalizacija were hired to work on the reconstruction of the plumbing, rainwater and sewage pipes. The lightning system should also undergo reconstruction.

In March 2022 a small playground for children has been added in front of the Tax Administration office. This significantly altered the appearance of this part of the park since it was previously known only for the famous ''Sower'' statue.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns - sister cities[edit]

Pančevo is twinned with:[58]


Notable people[edit]




  1. ^ "Gradonačelnik Pančeva". Grad Pančevo. 2020.
  2. ^ "Zamenik Gradonačelnika Pančeva". Grad Pančevo. 2020.
  4. ^ "Насеља општине Панчево" (PDF). stat.gov.rs (in Serbian). Statistical Office of Serbia. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2015. Retrieved 24 October 2019.
  5. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
  6. ^ "Pančevo". 30 June 2019.
  7. ^ 2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia, Volume 2, Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia, Belgrade 2012, p. 82.
  8. ^ Felix Milleker, Geschichte der Stadt Pantschowa, Pančevo 1925, p. 4-5.
  9. ^ "Climate: Pančevo, Serbia". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 8 January 2018.
  10. ^ Turistička organizacija Pančevo. "Ptice Pančeva" (PDF). Pančevo: Ptice Pančeva – via Turistička organizacija Pančevo.
  11. ^ Felix Milleker, Geschichte der Stadt Pančevo, Pančevo 1925, p. 5-7.
  12. ^ Virtual visit at National Museum, National Museum Pančevo.
  13. ^ Hungaricana Maps, Map of City and Fortification from 1717.
  14. ^ Hungaricana Maps, Fortification Map from 1720.
  15. ^ Luka Ilić, Historische Skizze der kaiserlich königlichen Militär-Communität Pantschowa, Pančevo 1855, Enclosing Map of 1814.
  16. ^ Pančevo on the Map of Franciscan Land Survey (1806–1869) at National Archives of Austria.
  17. ^ Hungaricana Maps, Cadastre maps Pancsova.
  18. ^ Srpske sinagoge kojih nema, History of the Synagogue on ARS Magine.
  19. ^ Als Zivilist im Balkankrieg, Vienna 1947.
  20. ^ Terezja Rihart, born November 7, 1909 in Jabuka, died July 21, 1993 in Vienna.
  21. ^ Ulrike Jureit and Hans Mommsen, Verbrechen der Wehrmacht, Hamburg 2002.
  22. ^ Jürgen Martschukat and Silvan Niedermeier, Violence and Visibility in Modern History, New York 2013.
  23. ^ Crime of the Wehrmacht, Pančevo in April 1941—different numbers of victims, audio commentaries, sequences, film scores of TV-documentaries with original materials: version 1 (36 Serbs) and version 2 (18 Serbs), YouTube. Retrieved 22 May 2017.
  24. ^ See also: Bor (Serbia) and Pančevački Rit
  25. ^ Theresia Richard, born November 7, 1909 in Jabuka, died July 21, 1993 in Vienna.
  26. ^ Akiko Shimizu, Die deutsche Okkupation des serbischen Banats 1941–1944 unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der deutschen Volksgruppe in Jugoslawien. Regensburger Schriften aus Philosophie, Politik, Gesellschaft und Geschichte. Band 5, Münster 2003.
  27. ^ Südostdeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Die Gliederung der Bevölkerung des ehemaligen Jugoslawien nach Muttersprache und Konfession nach den unveröffentlichten Angaben der Zählung von 1931. Bearbeitet und herausgegeben von der Publikationsstelle Wien. Nur für den Dienstgebrauch, Vienna 1943.
  28. ^ Ortssippenbuch Pantschowa, structured in alphabetical order, edited by Elfriede and Michael Adelhardt.
  29. ^ City administrative area Archived 14 November 2015 at the Wayback Machine, Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia.
  30. ^ Serbian Church Choral Society, YouTube.
  31. ^ Article on Davorin Jenko in: Stanoje Stanojević, Narodna enciklopedija srpsko-hrvatsko-slovenačka, Volume 2, Zagreb 1926, p. 153.
  32. ^ Official Website, the Kulturni Centar Pančeva.
  33. ^ Official Website, Dom omladine.
  34. ^ Official Website, PAFF.
  35. ^ Pančevo in film frames, 1956–2010 (PDF), Web archive of Pančevo City.
  36. ^ Official Website, Pančevački Karneval.
  37. ^ Official Website, Narodni Muzej.
  38. ^ Rezultati konkursa za idejno rešenje rekonstrukcje Vajfertove Pivare Super prostor, web portal for architecture and cultural space.
  39. ^ Georg Weifert Museum opened, article of Diplomacy&Commerce.
  40. ^ Official website, Vajfert Days.
  41. ^ Official Website, Istorijski arhiv u Pančevu
  42. ^ Ivanikije Milković, Pověst' vo kratcě spisanaja o obščežitel’nom monastyrě Vojlovicě (Short History of monastery by hegumen Ivanikije Milković, 1765–1822), Buda 1801, Online edition of National Library of Austria.
  43. ^ History of Roman Catholic Church, Diocese of Zrenjanin.
  44. ^ History of Serbian Orthodox Church, Eparchia of Banat.
  45. ^ History of the iconostasis, Official Website, Church Assumption of Holy Virgin.
  46. ^ Cultural monuments, Turistička organizacija Pančevo.
  47. ^ Official Website, Institute for Protection of Cultural Monuments in Pančevo.
  48. ^ Official Website by Pančevac.
  49. ^ RTV and its YouTubeChannel.
  50. ^ Libertatea.
  51. ^ Official commercial address book of the City (PDF).
  52. ^ UNEP final report Pančevo (PDF).
  53. ^ Nature Park Ponjavica.
  54. ^ "MUNICIPALITIES AND REGIONS OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA, 2019" (PDF). stat.gov.rs. Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. 25 December 2019. Retrieved 28 December 2019.
  55. ^ Autotransport Pančevo.
  56. ^ Felix Milleker, Die Banater Eisenbahnen 1847–1917, Vršac 1927, p.17.
  57. ^ Luka Dunav Archived 11 August 2018 at the Wayback Machine.
  58. ^ "Zbratimljeni gradovi". pancevo.rs (in Serbian). Pančevo. Retrieved 7 January 2020.

External links[edit]