Pan-European Corridor VIII

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Pan-European Corridor VIII
Pan-European Corridor VIII highlighted in red
Route information
Length1,500 km (900 mi)
Major junctions
Start endDurrës (Albania)
End endVarna (Bulgaria)
Location
CountriesAlbania, North Macedonia and Bulgaria
Highway system
Pan-European corridors

The Corridor VIII is one of the Pan-European corridors. It comprises both road and rail routes. Both commence on the Italian Adriatic coast at Bari or Brindisi, with a ferry crossing to Durrës in Albania. From there the routes cross the southern Balkans into Bulgaria and thence to Varna, on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast. The road corridor follows the route: Tirana/Durrës/Vlore - Elbasan - Skopje - Pernik - Sofia - Plovdiv - Burgas - Varna.[1] Although as yet incomplete, it is broadly paralleled by the rail route: Durrës/Vlore-Lin-Radozhda-Kičevo-Skopje-Kumanovo-Beljakovtse-Kriva Palanka-Gyueševo-Sofija-Burgas-Varna

Road route description[edit]

The road starts in Albania at either Durrës (SH4) or Vlore (A2), both situated on the Adriatic coast. It intersects at Rrogozhine (SH7, SH3) and runs towards Elbasan. It then crosses the border with Republic of Macedonia at the Ohrid lake and then runs north to Tetovo mainly as a 2-lanes single-carriageway. The section between Ohrid and Kicevo will be upgraded to a motorway.[2] A2 motorway runs between Tetovo and Skopje, and A1 motorway between Skopje and Kumanovo.

Between Kumanovo and Radomir, Bulgaria, it runs again as a 2-lanes single-carriageway. From Radomir to Pernik it is upgraded to a 4-lane dual-carriageway. Close to Pernik, the route joins Lyulin motorway (A6) for about 20 km to the Bulgarian capital, Sofia. After passing through the Sofia Ring Road, the route joins Trakia motorway (A1) for 360 km (220 mi) to Burgas,[3] bypassing Pazardzhik, Plovdiv, Stara Zagora and Yambol on the way. At Burgas, the route turns to north, running along the Black Sea coast mainly as a single-carriage road (I-9). The route joins Cherno More motorway (A5) for 10 km before reaching its final destination – Varna.

Rail route description[edit]

The railway is only partly complete, at present there is a single track line in Albania and a single track line in parts of Macedonia. The route is virtually complete in Bulgaria comprising both single and double track lines. The line already in existence in Albania from Durrës-Lin will be used, although upgrading and modifications will be needed. From Lin to Kičevo new construction will be required, almost all in Macedonia. At the moment progress on this link is small, being mainly aspirational.

On the eastern side of Macedonia the mothballed, 31km long, line from Kumanovo-Beljakovce is being restored and upgraded[4] - work on this started in 2014[5]. Construction of a new line, approximately 34km long, from Beljakovce to Kriva Palanka began in 1996 but was abandoned due to lack of financial resources in 2004[6]. Considerable earthworks and structures are, therefore, already in existence but currently do not reach Kriva Palanka[7]. Entirely new construction will be needed in the area of Kriva Palanka to the Bulgarian border (24km) plus a short length (~1km) in Bulgaria. A total of approximately 88 km of track must be restored or built in a region whose morphological features make access difficult. Once in Bulgaria, the existing line from Gjueševo, extant since 1910, will be used.

From Gyueševo the track runs broadly northwards to Sofija then uses the main line through Burgas to Varna.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/enlargement/pdf/projects-in-focus/donor-coordination/2-3_april_2009/working_group_transport_seeto_en.pdf
  2. ^ "Се гради автопатот Кичево-Охрид, најголем инфраструктурен проект" (in Macedonian). kurir. Retrieved 14 April 2015.
  3. ^ "Bulgaria Opens Monday Its First Completed HWY Trakiya". novinite.com. 15 July 2013.
  4. ^ "Kumanovo - Beljakovce: Railway Corridor VIII - Phase I | Reconnecting Asia". reconnectingasia.csis.org. Retrieved 2018-05-07.
  5. ^ "Reconstruction of railway section Kumanovo-Beljakovce begins". Retrieved 2018-05-07.
  6. ^ "Railway Corridor VIII – Phase II". www.ebrd.com. Retrieved 2018-05-07.
  7. ^ http://www.seetoint.org. "Construction of new railway line Beljakovce–Kriva Palanka–Border with Bulgaria | SEETO | South-east Europe Transport Observatory". www.seetoint.org. Retrieved 2018-05-07.

See also[edit]