Pan-Malaysian Islamic Front

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Pan-Malaysian Islamic Front
Malay nameBarisan Jemaah Islamiah Se-Malaysia
Jawi nameباريسن جماعه اسلاميه سمليسا
AbbreviationBERJASA / برجاس
PresidentProf. Dato' Dr. Badhrulhisham Abdul Aziz
Secretary-GeneralAbd Aziz Sardan
Deputy PresidentHamidi Abu Hassan
VIce President1. Mohd Shokri Mahmood]]
2. Mohd Hazizi Ab Rahman
Women ChiefAzizah Che Awang
Youth ChiefIqbal Hakim Abdul Razak
FoundersMohamed Nasir
Founded1977
Split fromPan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS)
Youth wingPemuda BERJASA
Women WingWanita BERJASA
MembershipMalaysian
IdeologyIslamism
Democracy
Nationalism
Political positionRight-wing
ReligionIslam
National affiliationBarisan Nasional (1978-1983)
Angkatan Perpaduan Ummah (1990–96)
Gagasan Sejahtera (Since 2016)
Colors     Green
Dewan Negara
0 / 70
Dewan Rakyat
0 / 222
Dewan Undangan Negeri (DUN)
0 / 576
Election symbol
BERJASA-flag.svg
Website
berjasa.org.my

Pan-Malaysian Islamic Front on Facebook

The Pan-Malaysian Islamic Front (Malay: Barisan Jemaah Islamiah Se-Malaysia, Jawi: باريسن جماعه اسلاميه سمليسا often known by its acronym BERJASA) is a political party in Malaysia.

History[edit]

The party was founded in 1977 by the then Chief Minister of Kelantan, Mohamed Nasir, under the persuasion and endorsement of United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) who were dissatisfied with the demands made by the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS). These demands included internal squabbles for the lump share in controlling the state of Kelantan, and pressure from UMNO soon led to PAS withdrawing from Barisan Nasional (BN). In the following 1978 general election, the split cost the PAS a huge number of votes in Kelantan: among the 36 state seats in Kelantan, UMNO won twenty three, BERJASA won eleven, to set up the Kelantan state coalition government while PAS won only two as opposition.[1]

BERJASA subsequently joined BN, but support for BERJASA quickly dissolved and only managed to win four seats in the subsequent 1982 general election. BERJASA stayed out of the 1986 general election as it had pulled out from BN in protest of the admission of another new splinter party of PAS, Parti Hizbul Muslimin Malaysia (HAMIM) into BN. In 1989, it joined Angkatan Perpaduan Ummah (APU) opposition parties coalition under the leadership of Parti Melayu Semangat 46 (S46). It managed to win one seats in the 1990 general election but failed to retain it in 1995 general election. APU alliance was subsequently dissolved in 1996 after Tengku Razaleigh Hamzah decided to dissolve it and rejoin UMNO. Since then, BERJASA only maintained minimal participation in the political fray,[2] as evidenced from their participation in subsequent general elections.[3]

In the 2013 general elections, the NGO leaders of Malaysian Muslim Solidarity or in Malay: Ikatan Muslimin Malaysia (ISMA); had contested and all had lost as candidates under the ticket of BERJASA.[4][5][6]

BERJASA received a facelift in 2016 when the party joined Gagasan Sejahtera, a coalition of opposition parties led by the PAS.[7] In the 2018 general elections, BERJASA contested in three parliamentary seats, namely in Cameron Highlands, Selayang and Tanjung Piai. It also contested in the state seats of Sungai Manik and Batu Kurau. The party failed to win any of the seats, with all of their candidates losing their deposits.

In the 2019 Tanjung Piai by-election, BERJASA president, Prof Dato' Dr Badrulhisham Abdul Aziz contested for the seat[8] upon the death of the incumbent, Md Farid Md Rafik, in the six-cornered fight for the parliamentary seat[9].

References[edit]

  1. ^ In-Won Hwang (2003). Personalized Politics. Alpha Books. pp. 117–8. ISBN 981-230-185-2.
  2. ^ Michael Leifer (2001). Dictionary of the Modern Politics of South-East Asia. Taylor & Francis. p. 73. ISBN 0-415-23875-7.
  3. ^ 29 political parties register with Election Commission
  4. ^ Manimaran, G. 17 February 2013. Isma tanding PRU13 guna tiket Berjasa. Sinar Harian. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  5. ^ Keputusan PRU13 bagi 7 tokoh ISMA. ISMAWeb. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  6. ^ Hampir capai sepenuhnya matlamat: Presiden ucap terima kasih pada semua penyokong BERJASA PRU13. ISMAWeb. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  7. ^ "BERJASA sertai Gagasan Sejahtera bersama PAS dan Ikatan" (in Malay). Agenda Daily. 23 September 2016. Retrieved 23 September 2016.
  8. ^ AMIN, NOR AZURA MD (2019-10-31). "Berjasa umum tanding PRK Tanjung Piai". Sinarharian (in Malay). Retrieved 2019-11-03.
  9. ^ "Six-cornered contest for Tanjung Piai parliamentary seat". www.bernama.com. Retrieved 2019-11-03.

External links[edit]