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Map of the Philippines showing the route of Pan-Philippine Highway
The segment of the highway in Santo Tomas, Batangas
|Maintained by the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH)|
|Length||3,517 km (2,185 mi)|
|North end||Laoag, Ilocos Norte, Philippines|
|South end||Zamboanga City, Philippines|
The Pan-Philippine Highway, also known as the Maharlika Highway (Tagalog: Daang Maharlika; Cebuano: Dalang Halangdon) is a 3,517-kilometer (2,185 mi) network of roads, expressways, bridges, and ferry services that connect the islands of Luzon, Samar, Leyte, and Mindanao in the Philippines, serving as the country's principal transport backbone. It is the longest highway in the Philippines that forms the country's north–south backbone component of the National Route 1 (N1) of the Philippine highway network. The entire highway is designated as Asian Highway 26 (AH26) of the Asian Highway Network.
The highway was proposed in 1965, and built under the administration of President Ferdinand Marcos. Government planners believed that the motorway and other connected roads would stimulate agricultural production by reducing transport costs, encourage social and economic development outside existing major urban centers such as Manila, and expand industrial production for domestic and overseas markets. Construction was supported by loans and grants from foreign aid institutions, including the World Bank.
The highway was rehabilitated and improved in 1997, during the administration of President Fidel Ramos, with assistance from the Japanese government, and dubbed the "Philippine-Japan Friendship Highway". In 1998, the Department of Tourism designated 35 sections of the highway as "Scenic Highways", with developed amenities for travelers and tourists.
In March 2018, Public Works and Highways Secretary Mark Villar inaugurated the 24.61-kilometer (15.29 mi) arterial road that will link the North Luzon Expressway (NLEX) with the Maharlika Highway that traverses the central part of Luzon.
Asian Highway Network
The Pan-Philippine Highway is designated as AH26 in the Asian Highway Network, a cooperative project which seeks to improve highway systems and standards across the continent. It is currently the only highway in the system that is isolated from every other highway; island-based sections of the Asian Highway Network in Japan (AH1), Sri Lanka (AH43) and Indonesia (AH2) are all linked to the mainland sections by ferries to South Korea (AH1), India (Dhanushkodi), and Singapore, respectively.
AH26 runs along the following thoroughfares:
- Manila North Road/Maharlika Highway: Laoag[a][b] – Aparri
- Bangag-Magapit Road: Aparri – Lal-lo[c]
- Cagayan Valley Road: Lal-lo – Tuguegarao
- Maharlika Highway:[d][e] San Pablo – Ilagan – Santiago – Solano[f] – Bayombong – San Jose City – Cabanatuan – Gapan – San Miguel – Baliuag – Pulilan – Guiguinto
- North Luzon Expressway: Santa Rita Interchange, Guiguinto – Balintawak Interchange, Quezon City (partially signed as AH26)
- EDSA (Eastern Route): Balintawak Interchange, Quezon City – Magallanes Interchange, Makati (around Metro Manila)
- South Luzon Expressway: Magallanes Interchange, Makati – Calamba Exit, Calamba (partially signed as AH26)
- Maharlika Highway: Calamba – Santo Tomas – San Pablo – Tiaong[g] – Candelaria[h] – Sariaya[i] – Lucena
- Lucena Diversion Road: Lucena – Pagbilao
- Maharlika Highway: Pagbilao[j] – Gumaca[f][k] - Calauag[l] – Daet – Milaor[m] – Naga City[n] – Daraga – Sorsogon City[o] – Matnog
- Matnog–Allen ferry line: Luzon – Visayas (via San Bernardino Strait)
- Maharlika Highway: Allen – Calbayog[p] – Catbalogan[q] – Tacloban – Palo – Mahaplag – Liloan
- Liloan–Lipata ferry line: Visayas – Mindanao (via Bohol Sea)
- Maharlika Highway: Surigao City – Kitcharao
- Surigao-Butuan National Highway: Kitcharao – Butuan
- Davao-Agusan National Highway: Butuan – Bayugan – Tagum – Davao City[r]
- C.M. Recto Avenue: Davao City (one-way street)
- A. Pichon Street: Davao City (one-way street)
- Elpidio Quirino Avenue: Davao City
- MacArthur Highway: Davao City
- Davao-Cotabato Road: Davao City – Digos
- Digos-Makar Road: Digos[h] – Malungon – General Santos
- Marbel-Makar Road: General Santos – Koronadal
- Cotabato-Marbel Road: Koronadal – Surallah
- Isulan-Surallah Road: Surallah – Norala
- Isulan-Surallah Road: Isulan[s]
- Marbel-Allah Valley-Cotabato Road: Isulan – Datu Odin Sinsuat
- Marbel-Allah Valley-Cotabato Road: Cotabato City[t]
- Narciso Ramos Highway: Sultan Kudarat – Parang – Balabagan
- Rizal Avenue: Balabagan – Malabang – Picong
- Maharlika Highway: Sultan Naga Dimaporo – Tukuran[h][u] – Pagadian[a][u] – Ipil – Tungawan – Zamboanga City[v]
Alternatively, AH26 runs along the following thoroughfares:
- EDSA (Western Route): Balintawak Interchange, Quezon City – Caloocan
- Samson Road: Caloocan
- Gen. San Miguel Street: Caloocan
- C-4 Road: Caloocan – Malabon – Navotas
- R-10: Navotas
- Mel Lopez Boulevard: Manila
- Bonifacio Drive: Manila
- Roxas Boulevard: Manila – Pasay
- EDSA (Western Route): Pasay – Magallanes Interchange, Makati
- Palo–Carigara–Ormoc Road:[w] Palo – Ormoc[x]
- Ormoc–Baybay–Southern Leyte Boundary Road:[w] Ormoc – Albuera[y] – Baybay[z]
- Tacloban–Baybay South Road: Baybay – Mahaplag
- Ilocos Norte
- N223 in Abulug
- Magapit Suspension Bridge
- N101 / N119 in Magapit Interchange, Lal-lo
- N104 in Tuguegarao
- N105 in Tuguegarao
- N51 / N106 in Tuguegarao
- N104 in Tuguegarao
- Nueva Vizcaya
- Nueva Ecija
- N56 / N111 in San Jose
- N113 in Santo Domingo
- N114 in Santo Domingo
- N111 in Cabanatuan
- N58 in Santa Rosa
- N3 in Gapan
- Metro Manila
- N118 in Valenzuela
- E5 in Valenzuela
- N127 in Unang Sigaw, Quezon City
- N1 / N160 in Balintawak, Quezon City
- N127 in Unang Sigaw, Quezon City
- N129 in Muñoz, Quezon City
- N171 / N173 in Diliman, Quezon City
- N170 in Diliman, Quezon City
- N172 / N174 in Diliman, Quezon City
- N180 / N59 in Cubao, Quezon City
- N185 near Camp Aguinaldo, Quezon City
- N184 / N60 in Quezon City and Mandaluyong
- N141 in Mandaluyong
- Guadalupe Bridge
- N190 in Makati
- N191 in Makati
- N190 in Makati
- N1 / N145 in Magallanes, Makati
- E6 in Taguig
- N11 in Taguig
- N63 in Parañaque and Muntinlupa
- N1 in Alabang, Muntinlupa
- E2 in Tunasan, Muntinlupa
- Laguna (2nd segment)
- Laguna (3rd segment)
- N608 in Tiaong (northern terminus)
- N435 in Tiaong
- N608 in Tiaong (southern terminus)
- N609 in Candelaria (western & eastern termini)
- N606 in Isabang, Lucena
- N422 in Isabang, Lucena
- N603 in Gulang-Gulang, Lucena
- N606 in Talipan, Pagbilao
- N610 in Padre Burgos
- N613 in Gumaca
- N612 in Lopez
- N657 in Lopez
- Camarines Norte
- Camarines Sur
- N68 in Sipocot
- N623 in Pamplona
- N672 in Pili
- N673 in Pili
- N630 in Pili
- N634 in Baao
- N634 in Nabua
- N635 in Bato
- N642 in Pilar
- N641 in Castilla
- N643 in Sorsogon City (western terminus)
- N644 in Sorsogon City
- N643 in Sorsogon City (eastern terminus)
- N645 in Bulan
- Northern Samar
- N670 in Allen
- N672 in Calbayog
- N673 in Calbayog
- N677 in Gandara (northern & southern termini)
- N675 in Catbalogan
- N674 in Paranas
- N670 in Basey
- N670 in Santa Rita
- Samar–Leyte boundary
- Southern Leyte
- Surigao del Norte
- Agusan del Norte
- Agusan del Sur
- Davao de Oro
- Davao del Norte
- N908 in Tagum (northern terminus)
- N909 / N74 in Tagum
- N908 in Tagum (southern terminus)
- N910 in Carmen
- N909 in Panabo
- Davao Del Sur
- N913 in Buhawan, Davao City (eastern terminus)
- N915 in Buhangin, Davao City
- N916 in Agdao, Davao City (eastern terminus)
- N917 in Agdao, Davao City
- N918 in Agdao & Buhangin, Davao City
- N919 / N920 in Poblacion, Davao City
- N919 in Poblacion, Davao City
- N920 in Poblacion, Davao City
- N921 in Talomo, Davao City
- N916 in Talomo, Davao City (western terminus)
- N913 in Talomo, Davao City (western terminus)
- N10 in Talomo, Davao City
- N923 in Digos (northern terminus)
- N75 in Digos
- N924 in Digos
- N923 in Digos (southern terminus)
- N930 in Sulop
- South Cotabato
- N931 in General Santos (eastern terminus)
- N930 in General Santos
- N935 in General Santos
- N931 in General Santos
- Sultan Kudarat
- Lanao del Sur
- Zamboanga del Sur
- Zamboanga Sibugay
- Zamboanga City
- N1 / N160 in Balintawak, Quezon City
- N1 / N150 in Caloocan
- N130 in Navotas
- E5 in Navotas
- N140 in Tondo, Manila
- N145 in Tondo and San Nicolas, Manila
- N150 in Ermita and Intramuros, Manila
- N155 in Ermita, Manila
- N156 in Ermita, Manila
- N140 in Malate, Manila
- N190 in Pasay
- N61 in Pasay
- N170 in Pasay
- N171 in Pasay
- N145 / E2 in Magallanes, Makati
- Visayas (western route) – part of N70
- Mindanao – part of N10
- Transportation in the Philippines
- Department of Public Works and Highways
- Asian Highway Network
- Philippine Nautical Highway System
Pan-Philippine Highway also has alternative names, especially locally within the poblacion of respective town and cities.
- A segment of Pan-Philippine Highway in Laoag and Pagadian is locally known as J.P. Rizal Avenue, respectively.
- A segment of Pan-Philippine Highway stretching north out of Laoag is known as Gen. Segundo Avenue.
- A segment of Bangag-Magapit Road is also known as Logac-Magapit Road in Lal-lo, Cagayan.
- The segment of Maharlika Highway from Isabela to Bulacan is also known as Cagayan Valley Road.
- Pan-Philippine Highway is also known as Doña Remedios Trinidad Highway from San Rafael to Pulilan in Bulacan, bypassing the respective municipal centers of Baliuag and Bustos.
- A segment of Pan-Philippine Highway at the town proper is locally known as J.P. Rizal Street.
- A segment of Pan-Philippine Highway at the town proper of Tiaong, Quezon is locally known as Doña Tating Street and Don V. Robles Street, respectively.
- A segment of Pan-Philippine Highway at the town proper is locally known as Rizal Avenue.
- A segment of Pan-Philippine Highway at the town proper of Sariaya, Quezon is locally known as General Luna Street.
- A segment of Pan-Philippine Highway at the town proper of Pagbilao, Quezon is locally known as Recto Street and Figueroa Street, respectively.
- A segment of Pan-Philippine Highway at the town proper of Gumaca, Quezon is locally known as Bonifacio Street.
- An alternative route to Pan-Philippine Highway is the Highway 68 or Quirino Highway that will bypass Camarines Norte entirely and will shorten the route by four hours.
- A segment of Pan-Philippine Highway at the town proper of Milaor, Camarines Sur is locally known as Mabolo Road.
- A segment of Pan-Philippine Highway at the city proper of Naga, Camarines Sur is locally known as Roxas Avenue.
- A segment of Pan-Philippine Highway at the city proper of Sorsogon City is locally known as Rizal Street and Magsaysay Avenue, respectively
- A segment of Pan-Philippine Highway at the city proper of Calbayog, Samar is locally known as Jose D. Avelino Street.
- A segment of Pan-Philippine Highway at the city proper of Catbalogan, Samar is locally known as Del Rosario Street, Curry Avenue, San Roque Street, and Rizal Avenue Extension, respectively.
- The segment of Davao-Agusan National Highway from Lanang towards the city proper of Davao City is also known as J.P. Laurel Avenue.
- A segment of Isulan-Surallah Road in Isulan is locally known as Sen. Ninoy Aquino Avenue.
- A segment of Marbel-Allah Valley-Cotabato Road at the city proper of Cotabato City is locally known as Sinsuat Avenue and Quezon Avenue, respectively.
- A segment of Pan-Philippine Highway here is locally known as National Highway.
- A segment of Pan-Philippine Highway in Zamboanga City is locally known as Maria Clara L. Lobregat Highway, Veterans Avenue, Governor Lim Avenue, and Don Pablo Lorenzo Street, respectively.
- Alternative name varies, according to its segments between towns/cities. For example, Palo–Carigara–Ormoc Road is also known as Palo–Santa Fe Road from Palo to Santa Fe, Leyte.
- A segment of Palo–Carigara–Ormoc Road at the town proper of Ormoc is locally known as Real Street and Aviles Street, respectively.
- Ormoc–Baybay–Southern Leyte Boundary Road at the town proper of Albuera, Leyte is locally known as Lawis Street and Rizal Street, respectively.
- A segment of Ormoc–Baybay–Southern Leyte Boundary Road at the town proper of Baybay, Leyte is locally known as Apolinario Mabini Street and Ramon Magsaysay Avenue, respectively.
- "Department Order No. 15, Series of 2009" (PDF). Department of Public Works and Highways. 27 February 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 February 2015. Retrieved 24 March 2009.
- "North Luzon expressway, Maharlika highway linked". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved October 9, 2018.
- "Road and Bridge Inventory". Department of Public Works and Highways. Retrieved June 16, 2020.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Pan-Philippine Highway.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Asian Highway 26.|