Pan Am Flight 1-10
|Date||15 April 1948|
|Summary||Controlled flight into terrain due to mechanical and/or electrical failure|
|Site||Shannon, Ireland |
|Aircraft type||Lockheed L-049-51-26 Constellation|
|Aircraft name||Clipper Empress of the Skies|
|Operator||Pan American World Airways|
|Flight origin||San Francisco|
|Last stopover||Shannon Airport|
|Destination||New York City|
Pan Am Flight 1-10 was a passenger flight from London to Shannon Airport, during a flight round the world from San Francisco, California to New York City. On 15 April 1948 it crashed 725 meters (2,379 ft) short of runway 23. 10 flight crew and 20 passengers died in the crash; 1 passenger survived with minor injuries.
At 1:59 am it reported to Shannon Airport that it was at the marker at Limerick Junction. The flight received clearance to land on runway 23 at 2:10 am but reported a missed approach ten minutes later. After getting a second clearance to land, it struck a stone fence 725 meters (2,379 ft) short of the runway, but perfectly aligned with it.
The initial crash ripped the plane apart. The undercarriage and the engines were torn off while the fuselage broke into three pieces. Fire destroyed the remains of the fuselage.
Cause of the accident
The U.S. Civil Aeronautics Board investigated the crash and published its findings on 24 June 1948:
The Board determines that the probable cause of this accident was the continuation of an instrument approach to an altitude insufficient to clear the terrain. A contributing factor may have been the failure of the pilot's instrument fluorescent light.
The flight crew had earlier reported trouble with the pilot's instrument fluorescent light. At earlier stops in Brussels and London this light had failed too, but the maintenance crew in London could not repair it due to lack of spare parts.
Shannon Airport had earlier reported a fire in its ILS system, causing the system to fail. By the time the "Clipper Empress of the Skies" arrived, the system was again fully functional.
The lone survivor was Mark Worst, a Lockheed Aircraft Company employee. He was Lockheed's former maintenance manager at Shannon and, when found, was taken to hospital suffering from extensive burns and abrasions. He believed his injuries happened when he was thrown through the floor of belly baggage compartment which he thinks happened as the tail section fell off the plane. He had unfastened his safety belt when he realised the plane was going to crash, yet other passengers seems quite calm. He later said that I was a little dazed but I was able to get up and walk away though worse off than he thought. His wife, Esuina Worst, had been waiting at the airport for him to arrive and saw a person staggering away from the burning wreckage. She accompanied Pan Am officials to the crash site to help, not knowing the person she saw was her husband and only survivor.
Names as they appear on a headstone in the Drumcliff cemetery:
- Khan Bahadur Jamshid Sorabji Cama
- Jacob Farhat
- DeWitt Greer
- George Henderson
- Agnes L. Henderson
- Bruce K. Henderson
- Guisseppe LaCandia
- Guisseppe Lanza
- Robert Menard
- Vinton Milbank
- Caroline Milbank
- Robert Mounier
- Carlo Muratore
- Luigi Pastore
- William Peters, Jr.
- Mumtaz Shahnawaz
- Yacoub M. Shummara
- Mary Louise Thompson
- Antonio Valia
- Frank C. Jakel
- Carlton M. Henson, Jr.
- Everette C. Wallace
- Hector R. LeBlanc
- Stanley J. Frank
- James V. Sexton
- Bruce J. Nevers
- John J. Hoffmeier
- Bernadine M. Feller
- Clipper Empress of the Skies Accident Investigation Report Archived 2011-07-16 at the Wayback Machine
- Healy, Alison (11 February 2011). "Irish air disasters: the most significant crashes". Irish Times. Retrieved 19 October 2018.
- Australian Associated Press (16 April 1948). "Wife Sees Airport Drama". The Advertiser (Adelaide). p. 1. Retrieved 19 October 2018.