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Pan American Games sports

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The Racquetball competition held during the Toronto 2015 Pan American Games, one of the non-Olympic sports played on the sports program.

The Pan American Games sports comprise all the sports contested in the Summer Olympic Games.[1] In addition, traditional and popular sports throughout the Americas which are not contested at the Olympic Games are also contested such as bowling and baseball.[1] As of 2015, the Pan American Games included 36 sports with 51 disciplines and 364 events.[2] The number and kinds of events may change slightly from one Pan American Games to another.

Sports, disciplines, events[edit]

For purposes of Pan American Games competition, the Pan American Sports Organization (PASO) makes a distinction between sports and disciplines. A sport, in Pan American Games terms, is a single or group of disciplines as represented by an international governing body, namely an International Federation. For example, aquatics, represented at the Olympic level by the International Swimming Federation, is a sport at the Pan American Games that includes the swimming, diving, synchronized swimming and water polo disciplines.

Every Summer Olympic discipline is currently on the Pan American Games program. The last such discipline to be added was canoe slalom, which made its debut in 2015 in Toronto, Canada.[1] The discipline had been scheduled to be held at both the 2007 and 2011 Pan American Games, but had been dropped both times due to the small number of competing countries.[3] The Games also include some disciplines which have never been contested at a Summer Olympics. Examples can be found in baseball and softball, now considered a single Pan Am Games sport due to sharing a single international federation. Both were last contested in the Olympics in 2008 and will return in 2020, but baseball has been strictly for men and softball for women. In the Pan Am Games, men's softball has been on the program on several occasions, most recently in 2015; women's baseball made its debut in 2015.

Medals are awarded on a per-event basis; there can be one or more events per sport or discipline.[4] In fact, every current Pan American Games discipline has at least two events.

Changes[edit]

Futsal was dropped after being played at only one Games.

The Pan American Games charter establishes that they comprise the program of the Games, the 28 compulsory sports of the program of the Olympic Games plus seven sports recognized by the entity, due to its popularity in the American continent,if a new sport becomes Olympic it is automatically added to the program of the Pan American Games.This only happens, if the number of national federations in the Americas is sufficient [5].In the same way that it happens in the Universiade, the Organizing Committee of the each edition can request the inclusion of new sports or disciplines,respecting the local demands[6] .An example of this is the removal of the Basque pelota in the program of the Games of 2007 and 2015 and its replacement respectively by futsal.[7] and the woman´s baseball tournament[8].

Until the 2011 Games in Guadalajara, just one olympic event was never held, the canoe slalom. The event was planned to be held in the 2007 and 2011 editions, but was eventually canceled due to the low number of entries. Thus, the event was held for the first time at the 2015 Games.[9]

Previous Pan American Games have included sports which are no longer present on the current program, like futsal and polo.[4]

The International Olympic Committee voted on October 9, 2009, during the 121st IOC Session in Copenhagen, to elevate both rugby sevens and golf as official Olympic sports and to include them in the Olympics, beginning with the 2016 Olympic Games.[10][11] With this development, rugby sevens made its debut at the 2011 Pan American Games in Guadalajara,[12] and golf was played at the 2015 Pan American Games.[1] During a PASO general assembly in 2015, surfing was included into the 2019 Pan American Games programme.[13]

Current Pan American Games program[edit]

The following sports (or disciplines of a sport) make up the current Pan American Games official program and are listed alphabetically according to the name used by PASO. The figures in each cell indicate the number of events for each sport contested at the respective Games; a bullet () denotes that the sport/discipline was scheduled to be competed, but was dropped do to a lack of entries.

Eight of the 36 sports (Aquatics, Canoeing, Cycling, Football, Gymnastics, Volleyball, Equestrian) consist of multiple disciplines. Disciplines from the same sport are grouped under the same heading:

For equestrian and wrestling, the figures in each cell indicate the number of events for each sport, and not for each discipline separately.

Multiple new sports and events were added to the next edition of the games in 2019. The new sports are bodybuilding and surfing.[14][15]

The following sports have been contested at the Pan American Games:[16]

Sport (Discipline) Body 51 55 59 63 67 71 75 79 83 87 91 95 99 03 07 11 15 19
 
Artistic swimming Synchronized swimming pictogram.svg FINA 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2
Diving Diving pictogram.svg 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 6 6 4 8 8 8 8 10
Open water swimming Open water swimming pictogram.svg 2 2 2 2
Swimming Swimming pictogram.svg 21 21 21 21 30 30 30 30 30 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 32 34
Water polo Water polo pictogram.svg 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2
 
Canoe/kayak (sprint) Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg ICF 12 13 13 12 12 12 12 13 12
Canoe/kayak (slalom) Canoeing (slalom) pictogram.svg 5 6
 
Figure skating Artistic roller skating pictogram.svg WS 3 4 6 6 4 2 2 2 2 2
Speed skating Inline speed skating pictogram.svg 12 12 13 23 6 4 4 6 6 6
Skateboarding Skateboarding pictogram.svg 4
 
BMX Cycling (BMX) pictogram.svg UCI 2 2 2 4
Mountain biking Cycling (mountain biking) pictogram.svg 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Road cycling Cycling (road) pictogram.svg 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
Track cycling Cycling (track) pictogram.svg 5 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 5 7 7 8 12 12 10 10 10 12
 
Artistic Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg FIG 8 12 18 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14 14
Rhythmic Gymnastics (rhythmic) pictogram.svg 5 7 7 2 6 8 8 8 8
Trampoline Gymnastics (trampoline) pictogram.svg 2 2 2 2
 
Volleyball (beach) Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg FIVB 2 2 2 2 2 2
Volleyball (indoor) Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
 
Dressage Equestrian pictogram.svg FEI 6 5 6 6 6 6 6 4 4 6 4 6 6 4 6 6 6 6
Eventing
Jumping
 
Freestyle Wrestling pictogram.svg UWW 8 8 8 8 8 10 20 20 20 20 20 20 16 18 18 18 18 18
Greco-Roman
 
Archery Archery pictogram.svg WA 4 12 4 12 12 4 4 4 4 4 8
Athletics Athletics pictogram.svg IAAF 33 29 32 33 35 37 37 39 40 48 43 44 47 46 47 47 47 48
Badminton Badminton pictogram.svg BWF 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
Basque pelota Basque pelota pictogram.svg 12 6 10 10
Baseball Baseball pictogram.svg WBSC 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1
Basketball Basketball pictogram.svg FIBA 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Basque pelota Basque pelota pictogram.svg FIPV 12 6 10 10
Bodybuilding Bodybuilding pictogram.svg IFBB 2
Bowling Bowling pictogram.svg WTBA Demo
[17]
4 8 4 4 4 4 4 4
Boxing Boxing pictogram.svg AIBA 8 10 10 10 10 11 11 11 12 12 12 12 12 11 11 13 13 15
Fencing Fencing pictogram.svg FIE 7 7 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 10 10 10 10 10 12 12 12
Field hockey Field hockey pictogram.svg FIH 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Football Football pictogram.svg FIFA 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2
Golf Golf pictogram.svg IGF 3 3
Handball Handball pictogram.svg IHF 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
Judo Judo pictogram.svg IJF 4 6 6 8 16 16 18 18 14 14 14 14 14 14
Karate Karate pictogram.svg WKF 10 11 9 9 10 10 14
Modern pentathlon Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg UIPM 2 2 2 2 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 5
Racquetball Squash pictogram.svg IRF 6 4 4 6 6 6
Rowing Rowing pictogram.svg FISA 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 7 14 15 15 14 14 13 14 14 14
Rugby sevens Rugby union pictogram.svg WR 1 2 2
Sailing Sailing pictogram.svg ISAF 2 7 6 4 3 4 5 8 6 9 11 10 8 9 9 10 10
Shooting Shooting pictogram.svg ISSF 14 16 21 12 10 10 14 14 32 22 34 36 15 17 15 15 15 15
Softball Softball pictogram.svg WBSC 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 2 2
Squash Squash pictogram.svg WSF 4 4 4 4 6 6 7
Surfing Surfing pictogram.svg ISA 8
Table tennis Table tennis pictogram.svg ITTF 7 7 7 7 7 6 6 4 4 4 7
Taekwondo Taekwondo pictogram.svg WTF 8 8 16 8 8 8 8 8 12
Tennis Tennis pictogram.svg ITF 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 6 6 4 4 4 5 5 5
Triathlon Triathlon pictogram.svg ITU 2 2 2 2 2 2 3
Water skiing Water skiing pictogram.svg IWWF 6 6 6 7 9 9 10
Weightlifting Weightlifting pictogram.svg IWF 5 7 7 7 7 9 9 10 10 10 10 10 15 15 15 15 15 14
 
Total events 140 146 166 160 169 164 190 249 249 296 331 408 330 338 331 361 364 423

Discontinued sports[edit]

The following sports were previously part of the Pan American Games program as official sports, but are no longer on the current program.

Sport 51 55 59 63 67 71 75 79 83 87 91 95 99 03 07 11 15
Futsal Futsal pictogram.svg 1
Inline hockey Inline hockey pictogram-2.svg 1 1
Polo Polo pictogram.svg 1
Roller hockey Roller hockey pictogram.svg 1 1 1 1
Sambo Sambo pictogram.svg 20
 
Total events 1 1 20 1 1 1 1 1 1

Winter sports[edit]

Sport 90
Alpine skiing Alpine skiing pictogram.svg 6

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "About the Games". Toronto Organizing Committee for the 2015 Pan and Parapan American Games. Archived from the original on 2011-09-03. Retrieved September 23, 2011.
  2. ^ "Sports Program". COPAG. Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved September 23, 2011.
  3. ^ Pan American Canoe Slalom Championships - 2011 ICF Ranking Event[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ a b "Olympic Sports, Disciplines & Events". HickokSports.com. February 4, 2005. Archived from the original on April 18, 2007. Retrieved June 30, 2011.
  5. ^ Butler, Nick (17 November 2016). "Bodybuilding added to Lima 2019 programme as agreement signed for event to be shown outside Americas". Insidethegames.biz. Dunsar Media. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  6. ^ "Qualification System manual" (PDF). www.panamsports.org/. Pan American Sports Organization. 25 April 2018. Retrieved 25 April 2018.
  7. ^ Futsal, karate and bowling among sports included in 2007 Pan Am Games in Rio
  8. ^ "2015 Pan Am Games to include women's baseball". baseball.ca/. Baseball Canada. February 11, 2013. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
  9. ^ Pan American Canoe Slalom Championships - 2011 ICF Ranking Event[permanent dead link]
  10. ^ "Golf & rugby voted into Olympics". BBC. October 9, 2009. Retrieved January 4, 2010.
  11. ^ Wilson, Stephen (August 13, 2009). "Golf, rugby backed by IOC board for 2016 Games". The Seattle Times. Associated Press. Retrieved August 14, 2009.
  12. ^ "Rugby Included in 2011 Pan American Games". Bahamas Rugby. November 7, 2008. Archived from the original on 2011-09-29. Retrieved July 2, 2011.
  13. ^ "ISA WELCOMES THE ADDITION OF SURFING TO THE 2019 PAN AMERICAN GAMES SPORTS PROGRAMME". International Surfing Association. Retrieved July 11, 2015.
  14. ^ Butler, Nick (7 July 2015). "Surfing added to Lima 2019 Pan American Games programme". Insidethegames.biz. Dunsar Media. Retrieved 20 December 2017.
  15. ^ Butler, Nick (17 November 2016). "Bodybuilding added to Lima 2019 programme as agreement signed for event to be shown outside Americas". Insidethegames.biz. Dunsar Media. Retrieved 17 November 2016.
  16. ^ Pan American Games events Archived 2011-10-29 at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ Grasso, John; Hartman, Eric R. (2014). Historical Dictionary of Bowling. Lanhan, MD USA: Rowman & Littlefield. p. 441. ISBN 978-0-8108-8021-4. In 1951 the Pan American Games, a quadrennial multiple sports competition for Western Hemisphere countries, was inaugurated. Tenpin bowling was added to the official program in 1991. In 1983 it was contested as a demonstration sport.