Pan American Sports Organization

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Pan American Sports Organization
Pan American Sports Organization logo.svg
Pan American Sports Organization (PASO) members.svg
Countries with one or more members are in green
Formation 1940
Type Sports federation
Headquarters Mexico City, Mexico
41 National Olympic Committees
Official language
English, Spanish
Julio César Maglione

The Pan American Sports Organization (acronym: PASO); (Spanish: Organización Deportiva Panamericana, Portuguese: Organização Desportiva Pan-Americana ODEPA; French: Organisation Sportive Pan-Américaine OSPA) is an international organization which represents the current 41 National Olympic Committees of the North American and South American continents.

It is affiliated with the International Olympic Committee and its affiliated bodies, including ANOC, the Association of National Olympic Committees, and serves as the continental association of the Americas.

The organization's foremost event is the quadrennial Pan American Games, held since 1951. The Parapan American Games was inaugurated in 1999 for disabled athletes and is held alongside the able-bodied Pan American Games. The Pan American Winter Games, for winter sports, was held only once in 1990. The Pan American Sports Festival was inaugurated in 2014 as a developmental event for the region's athletes.

Affiliated organizations[edit]

There are four other organisations affiliated to the Pan American Sports Organization, they are:

Exclusion of indigenous sports[edit]

Despite criticisms that the Ulama or Mesoamerican Ballgame and Lacrosse[1][2] are not included in the program of the Pan American Games, the number of countries enrolled in its member associations is not enough because 14 are needed to have it included in the Games. For example, nowadays, there are 4 nations as effective members of Federation of International Lacrosse (Bermuda,Canada, The United States and Iroquois). However, the Iroquois nation is not a member of PASO. On the other hand, there are seven associate members of the Federation of International Lacrosse (Argentina, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Jamaica, Mexico and Peru). Thus, there are eleven nations members of FIL, still not enough to include the sports in the Pan Am Games. Lacrosse is recognized by Sports Accord and by the International Olympic Committee. However the same thing does not occur with ulama, which inhibits its participation in the Pan American Games. It is likely that lacrosse will be included when more American nations start practicing it. Besides, the Lacrosse Copa America was created, and the first one was played in Mexico in 2015.


Just like the International Olympic Committee, the Pan American Sports Organization has its own flag. The flag has the four words, "América", "Espírito", "Sports" and "Fraternité", each respectively in one of the four official languages of the organization, namely Spanish, Portuguese, English and French. Also, on the flag is a torch along with the Olympic Rings and five circles with the official colours of the Olympics on a white background. Finally, the words PASO and ODEPA are written to indicate the organization the flag represents.

Member countries[edit]

In the following table, the year in which the NOC was recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) is also given if it is different from the year in which the NOC was created.

Nation Code National Olympic Committee Created Region Ref.
 Antigua and Barbuda ANT The Antigua and Barbuda Olympic Association 1966/1976 Caribbean [2]
 Argentina ARG Comité Olímpico Argentino 1923 South America [3]
 Aruba ARU Aruban Olympic Committee 1985/1986 Caribbean [4]
 Bahamas BAH Bahamas Olympic Association 1952 Caribbean [5]
 Barbados BAR Barbados Olympic Association 1955 Caribbean [6]
 Belize BIZ Belize Olympic and Commonwealth Games Association 1967 Central America [7]
 Bermuda BER Bermuda Olympic Association 1935/1936 North America [8]
 Bolivia BOL Comité Olímpico Boliviano 1932/1936 South America [9]
 Brazil BRA Comitê Olímpico do Brasil 1914/1935 South America [10]
 British Virgin Islands IVB British Virgin Islands Olympic Committee 1980/1982 Caribbean [11]
 Canada CAN Canadian Olympic Committee 1904/1907 North America [12]
 Cayman Islands CAY Cayman Islands Olympic Committee 1973/1976 Caribbean [13]
 Chile CHI Comité Olímpico de Chile 1934 South America [14]
 Colombia COL Comité Olímpico Colombiano 1936/1948 South America [15]
 Costa Rica CRC Comité Olímpico de Costa Rica 1953/1954 Central America [16]
 Cuba CUB Cuban Olympic Committee 1926/1954 Caribbean [17]
 Dominica DMA Dominica Olympic Committee 1987/1993 Caribbean [18]
 Dominican Republic DOM Comité Olímpico Dominicano 1946/1962 Caribbean [19]
 Ecuador ECU Ecuadorian National Olympic Committee 1948/1959 South America [20]
 El Salvador ESA Comité Olímpico de El Salvador 1949/1962 Central America [21]
 Grenada GRN Grenada Olympic Committee 1984 Caribbean [22]
 Guatemala GUA Comité Olímpico Guatemalteco 1947 Central America [23]
 Guyana GUY Guyana Olympic Association 1935/1948 Caribbean [24]
 Haiti HAI Comité Olympique Haïtien 1914/1924 Caribbean [25]
 Honduras HON Comité Olímpico Hondureño 1956 Central America [26]
 Jamaica JAM Jamaica Olympic Association 1936 Caribbean [27]
 Mexico MEX Comité Olímpico Mexicano 1923 North America [28]
 Nicaragua NCA Comité Olímpico Nicaragüense 1959 Central America [29]
 Panama PAN Comité Olímpico Nacional De Panamá 1934/1947 Central America [30]
 Paraguay PAR Comité Olímpico Paraguayo 1970 South America [31]
 Peru PER Comité Olímpico Peruano 1924/1936 South America [32]
 Puerto Rico PUR Puerto Rico Olympic Committee 1948 Caribbean [33]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis SKN St. Kitts and Nevis Olympic Committee 1986/1993 Caribbean [34]
 Saint Lucia LCA St. Lucia Olympic Committee 1987/1993 Caribbean [35]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines VIN St. Vincent and the Grenadines National Olympic Committee 1982/1987 Caribbean [36]
 Suriname SUR Suriname Olympic Committee 1959 Caribbean (South America) [37]
 Trinidad and Tobago TTO Trinidad and Tobago Olympic Committee 1946/1948 Caribbean [38]
 United States USA United States Olympic Committee 1894 North America [39]
 Uruguay URU Uruguayan Olympic Committee 1923 South America [40]
 Venezuela VEN Comité Olímpico Venezolano 1935 South America [41]
 Virgin Islands ISV Virgin Islands Olympic Committee 1967 Caribbean [42]

Former member: Netherlands Antilles Olympic Committee

There are three area not a part of PASO as they are not independent nations:


No. Name Origin Date of birth/death Took office Left office Notes
1 Avery Brundage  United States September 28, 1887
May 8, 1975
1940 1951 President of the IOC from 1952 to 1972
2 José de Jesús Clark Flores  Mexico 1908
1951 1955 Former IOC Vice-President; 1st term
3 Doug Roby  United States March 24, 1898
March 31, 1992
1955 1959 Was USOC Vice-President and later as President
4 José de Jesús Clark Flores  Mexico 1908
1959 1971 Died in office during 2nd term
5 Sylvio de Magalhaes Padilha1  Brazil June 5, 1909
August 28, 2002
1971 1971 President of Brazilian Olympic Committee and Vice-President of IOC
6 José Beracasa  Venezuela 1909
1971 1975
7 Mario Vázquez Raña  Mexico June 7, 1932
February 8, 2015
1975 2015 Longest serving president and died in office
8 Ivar Sisniega  Mexico May 29, 1958 2015 2015 Interim President
9 Julio César Maglione  Uruguay November 14, 1935 2015 President of Uruguayan Olympic Committee

^1 Served as acting president for two months until new election.

PASO Athlete's Commission[edit]

In 2011 a new PASO Athlete's commission was formed. Former Canadian Rhythmic Gymnast and multiple time Pan American Games gold medalist Alexandra Orlando was selected the president of the commission. The commission will be made up of seven athletes (5 current and 2 former) with two being reserved for non-Olympic sports.[3][4][5]

Member Country Since Pan American Games Participation
Alexandra Orlando  Canada 2011 2003–2007
Mijaín López  Cuba 2011 2003–2011
Samyr Laine  Haiti 2011 2003–2011
Andrea Estrada  Guatemala 2011 2011
Guillermo Perez  Mexico 2011 2011
Pedro Causil  Colombia 2011 2011
Shannon Nishi  United States 2011 2011

Accession of countries per games[edit]

Games Host Accession Countries Total
I Argentina Buenos Aires Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela. 21
II Mexico Mexico City Bahamas, Canada, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico. 4
III United States Chicago Guyana, Netherlands Antilles. 2
IV Brazil São Paulo Barbados. 1
V Canada Winnipeg Belize, Bolivia, Bermuda, Virgin Islands. 4
VI Colombia Cali - 0
VII Mexico Mexico City Honduras. 1
VIII Puerto Rico San Juan Antigua and Barbuda. 1
IX Venezuela Caracas British Virgin Islands, Suriname. 2
X United States Indianapolis Aruba, Cayman Islands, Grenada. 3
XI Cuba Havana Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. 1
XII Argentina Mar de Plata Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia. 3
XIII Canada Winnipeg - 0
XIV Dominican Republic Santo Domingo - 0
XV Brazil Rio de Janeiro - 0
XVI Mexico Guadalajara - 0
XVII Canada Toronto - -
XVIII Peru Lima Future -

See also[edit]


External links[edit]