Panaeolus antillarum

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Panaeolus antillarum
Panaeolus antillarum Mexico.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Bolbitiaceae
Genus: Panaeolus
Species: P. antillarum
Binomial name
Panaeolus antillarum
(Fr.) Dennis
Synonyms

Agaricus antillarum
Agaricus solidipes
Panaeolus phalaenarum
Panaeolus sepulchralis
Psilocybe antillarum

Panaeolus antillarum
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Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium
cap is convex
hymenium is adnexed
stipe is bare
spore print is black
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: edible

Panaeolus antillarum is a common and widely distributed small to medium-sized gray mushroom which grows on dung. It is edible but not commonly eaten. Found from northern North America through Mexico into northern South America.[1]

It is often mistaken for Panaeolus semiovatus var. phalaenarum or Panaeolus cyanescens, the latter species can be distinguished by the thinner, grayer cap and blue bruising.

Description[edit]

  • Cap: 3 to 6 cm, bell-shaped to convex, white to light gray or yellowish, The caps are thick, smooth, often with fine wrinkles and acquire a silver white shiny color in age.
  • Gills: Gray in young specimens, turning black as the spores mature.
  • Spore print: Jet black.
  • Stipe: 4 to 22 cm long and .5 to 2 cm thick, solid, sometimes slightly larger at the base.
  • Taste: Fungal.
  • Odor: Fungal.
  • Microscopic features: Spores ellipsoid, 15 - 20 (21) x 10 - 14 x 8 - 10(11) μm. Cheilocystidia cylindrical to narrowly utriform, colorless, 30 - 45 μm. Sulphidia clavate, sometimes with a stalk, 25 - 50 μm. Basidia four spored, 30 - 35 micrometers long.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Stamets, Paul (1996). Psilocybin Mushrooms of the World. Berkeley: Ten Speed Press. ISBN 0-9610798-0-0. 
  2. ^ Gerhardt, Ewald. TAXONOMISCHE REVISION DER GATTUNGEN PANAEOLUS UND PANAEOLINA. ISBN 3-510-48018-X. 

External links[edit]