Panagyurishte Treasure

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Panagyurishte Treasure
Sofia - Panagyurishte Thracian Gold Treasure.jpg
Material gold
Created 400 BC – 300 BC
Discovered 1949 at Panagyurishte
Present location Plovdiv Regional Historical Museum

The Panagyurishte Treasure (Bulgarian: Панагюрско златно съкровище) is a Thracian treasure excavated on 8 December 1949, by three brothers who worked together at the region of “Merul” tile factory near the town of Panagyurishte, Bulgaria: Pavel, Petko, and Michail Deikov. It consists of a phiale, an amphora and seven rhytons with total weight of 6.164 kg of 24-karat gold. All of the nine objects are richly and skilfully decorated with scenes of Thracian myths, customs and life. It is dated from the 4th-3rd centuries BC, and is thought to have been used as a royal ceremonial set by the Thracian king Seuthes III.

As one of the best known surviving artefacts of Thracian culture, the treasure has been displayed at various museums around the world. When not on a tour, the treasure is the centerpiece of the Thracian art collection of the Plovdiv Regional Historical Museum, or at the National Museum of History in Sofia. There are now three replica sets, which are displayed at the museum at Panagyurishte itself, and Sofia and Plovdiv when the real objects are lent for exhibitions elsewhere.

The items may have been buried to hide them during 4th century BC invasions of the area by the Celts or Macedonians. The phiale carries inscriptions giving its weight in Greek drachmae and Persian darics.

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