2014 Panamanian general election

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2014 Panamanian general election

← 2009 4 May 2014 (2014-05-04) 2019 →
  Juan Carlos Varela (2014) 3x4 Cropped.jpg Jose Domingo Arias (2013) 4x3 Cropped.jpg Juan Carlos Navarro (2013) 3x4 Cropped.png
Nominee Juan Carlos Varela José Domingo Arias Juan Carlos Navarro
Party Panameñista CD PRD
Running mate Isabel Saint Malo Marta Linares de Martinelli Gerardo Solís
Popular vote 724,762 581,828 521,842
Percentage 39.1% 31.4% 28.1%

Elecciones Panamá Resultados 2014.png
In purple provinces won by Varela, Arias in aqua and Navarro in blue.

President before election

Ricardo Martinelli
Democratic Change

Elected President

Juan Carlos Varela
Panameñista Party

Coat of arms of Panama.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Panama

General elections were held in Panama on 4 May 2014.[1] Due to constitutional term limits, Incumbent President Ricardo Martinelli was ineligible for a second consecutive term. Incumbent Vice President Juan Carlos Varela of the Partido Panameñista was declared the victor with 39% of the votes.[2]

Electoral system[edit]

Of the 71 members of the National Assembly, 26 were elected in single-member constituencies and 45 by proportional representation in multi-member constituencies. Each district with more than 40,000 inhabitants forms a constituency. Constituencies elect one MP for every 30,000 residents and an additional representative for every fraction over 10,000.[3]

In single-member constituencies MPs are elected using the first-past-the-post system. In multi-member constituencies MPs are elected using party list proportional representation according to a double quotient; the first allocation of seats uses a simple quotient, further seats are allotted using the quotient divided by two, with any remaining seats are awarded to the parties with the greatest remainder.[3]

Presidential candidates[edit]

Seven candidates contested the election:[4]

Opinion polls[edit]

Poll source Date José Domingo Arias
(CD)
Juan Carlos Navarro
(PRD)
Juan Carlos Varela
(Panameñista)
Dichter & Neira[5] March 2014 39% 32% 26%
Ipsos[5] March 2014 33% 31% 26%
Dichter & Neira[6] 23 April 2014 35% 30% 32%
Ipsos[7] 23 April 2014 33.9% 34.2% 29.1%

Results[edit]

President[edit]

Candidate Party Votes %
Juan Carlos Varela Panameñista Party 724,762 39.09
José Domingo Arias Democratic Change 581,828 31.38
Juan Carlos Navarro Democratic Revolutionary Party 521,842 28.14
Genaro López Broad Front for Democracy 11,127 0.60
Juan Jované Independent 10,805 0.58
Esteban Rodríguez Independent 2,240 0.12
Gerardo Barroso Independent 1,598 0.09
Invalid/blank votes 37,106
Total 1,886,308 100
Registered voters/turnout 2,457,401 76.76
Source: Election Tribunal
Popular Vote
Panameñista
39.09%
Democratic Change
31.38%
Dem. Revolutionary
28.14%
Broad Front for Dem.
0.60%
Independents
0.79%

National Assembly[edit]

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Democratic Change 573,603 33.72 30 +16
Democratic Revolutionary Party 535,747 31.49 25 –1
Panameñista Party 343,880 20.22 12 –10
Nationalist Republican Liberal Movement 121,815 7.16 2 0
People's Party 56,629 3.33 1 0
Broad Front for Democracy 17,224 1.01 0 New
Independents 52,184 3.07 1 –1
Invalid/blank votes 146,718
Total 1,847,800 100 71 0
Registered voters/turnout 2,457,401 75.19
Source: Election Tribunal
Popular Vote
Democratic Change
33.72%
Dem. Revolutionary
31.49%
Panameñista
20.22%
MOLIRENA
7.16%
Peoples'
3.33%
Independents
3.07%
Broad Front for Dem.
1.01%
Seats
Democratic Change
42.25%
Dem. Revolutionary
35.21%
Panameñista
16.90%
MOLIRENA
2.81%
Peoples'
1.40%
Independents
1.40%

Although Democratic Change won 30 seats and MOLIRENA 2, rival candidates in 10 of the circuits won by CD and 1 of those won by MOLIRENA said there were irregularities throughout the elections that favored the winning parties. As such, the Electoral Tribunal of Panama annulled the results in those circuits and new special elections were to be held every Sunday from 16 November 2014 to determine which candidate would win those 11 seats.

As of now[when?], the results are:

Election Date Circuit Candidate Party
16 November 2014 7-1 Carlos "Tito" Afú Democratic Change (CD)
23 November 2014 2-4 Noriel Salerno Democratic Change (CD)
30 November 2014 7-2 Mariela Vega Democratic Change (CD)
14 December 2014 4-1 Miguel Fanovich Nationalist Republican Liberal Movement (MOLIRENA)
14 December 2014 4-1 Florentino Ábrego Panameñista Party

References[edit]

  1. ^ Panama IFES
  2. ^ "Vice President Juan Carlos Varela wins Panama's presidential race, topping field of 7". U.S. News. 4 May 2014.
  3. ^ a b Electoral system IPU
  4. ^ Panama IFES
  5. ^ a b Zissis, Carin (28 March 2014). "Poll Update: Panama's Ruling-Party Candidate ahead in Possible Close Race". Americas Society / Council of the Americas.
  6. ^ "Intención de Voto Presidencial - Encuesta TVN y Dichter & Neira". TVN Noticias Panamá. 23 April 2014. Archived from the original on 3 May 2014.
  7. ^ "Panamá Opina - Telemetro Reporta". Telemetro Reporta. 23 April 2014.