Pañcavidyā (Sanskrit) are five classes of knowledge (vidyā) of ancient India. The five sciences are: science of language (śabda vidyā), science of logic (hetu vidyā), science of medicine (cikitsā vidyā), science of fine arts and crafts (śilpa-karma-sthāna vidyā), and science of spirituality (adhyātma vidyā).
The first four are common for all schools and the latter is the theory of each school of thought; for example, it is the Tripitaka for Buddhists, and the four Vedas for Brahmins. In the Buddhist context, a recognized master of all five sciences was afforded the title paṇḍita.
- Gold, Jonathan C. "Dharma's Gatekeepers, The". SUNY Press. p. 15. Retrieved 28 April 2019 – via Google Books.
|This article about the culture of India is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This philosophy-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|