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Pancha Gauda is one of the two major groupings of Brahmins in Hinduism, of which the other was Pancha-Dravida.

In the kaifiyats[edit]

The Maratha-era kaifiyats (bureaucratic records) of Deccan mention the following Brahmin communities as Pancha-Gaudas:[1]

According to the kaifiyats, the Pancha Gauda Brahmins could be either Smarta, Vaishnavas or Bhagavats.[1]

In Rajatarangini[edit]

According to Kalhana's Rajatarangini (c. 12th century CE), the Pancha Gauda group includes the following five Brahmin communities residing to the north of the Vindhyas:[2][3]


  1. ^ a b Krishnaji Nageshrao Chitnis (1994). Glimpses of Maratha Socio-economic History. Atlantic. p. 96. ISBN 978-81-7156-347-0. 
  2. ^ James G. Lochtefeld (2002). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: N-Z. Rosen. p. 491. ISBN 9780823931804. 
  3. ^ D. Shyam Babu and Ravindra S. Khare, ed. (2011). Caste in Life: Experiencing Inequalities. Pearson Education India. p. 168. ISBN 9788131754399.