Pancha Gauda is one of the two major groupings of Brahmins in Hinduism, of which the other was Pancha-Dravida.
In the kaifiyats
The Maratha-era kaifiyats (bureaucratic records) of Deccan mention the following Brahmin communities as Pancha-Gaudas:
According to the kaifiyats, the Pancha Gauda Brahmins could be either Smarta, Vaishnavas or Bhagavats.
According to Kalhana's Rajatarangini (c. 12th century CE), the Pancha Gauda group includes the following five Brahmin communities residing to the north of the Vindhyas: