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Pancha Gauda is one of the two major groupings of Brahmins in Hinduism, of which the other was Pancha-Dravida.

According to Kalhana's Rajatarangini, the Pancha Gauda group includes the following five Brahmin communities residing to the north of the Vindhyas:[1][2]

  1. Gauda
  2. Kannaujia
  3. Maithila
  4. Utkala
  5. Saraswat Brahmin (including Goud Saraswat Brahmins, who have migrated to the south of Vindhyas)


  1. ^ James G. Lochtefeld (2002). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: N-Z. Rosen. p. 491. ISBN 9780823931804. 
  2. ^ D. Shyam Babu and Ravindra S. Khare, ed. (2011). Caste in Life: Experiencing Inequalities. Pearson Education India. p. 168. ISBN 9788131754399.