Pancha Carrasco

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Pancha Carrasco
Pancha-Carrasco-1826-1890.jpg
Painting of Pancha Carrasco around 1880.
Born Francisca Carrasco Jiménez
(1826-04-08)8 April 1826
Cartago, Costa Rica
Died 31 December 1890(1890-12-31) (aged 64)
San José, Costa Rica
Nationality Costa Rican
Known for First Costa Rican woman in military
Spouse(s) Juan Solano, Gil Zúñiga
Parent(s) Jose Francisco Carrasco and Maria Jiménez

Pancha Carrasco (8 April 1826 – 31 December 1890), born Francisca Carrasco Jiménez, was Costa Rica's first woman in the military. Carrasco is most famous for joining the defending forces at the Battle of Rivas in 1856 with a rifle and a pocketful of bullets. The strength and determination she showed there made her a symbol of national pride and she was later honored with a Costa Rican postage stamp,[1] a Coast Guard vessel,[2] and the creation of the "Pancha Carrasco Police Women's Excellence Award".[3]

Biography[edit]

Francisca Carrasco Jiménez was born on 8 April 1826 in Cartago, Costa Rica, the daughter of Jose Francisco Carrasco and Maria Jiménez. She was of mixed American, African, and European heritage. Pancha was married three times, first in 1834 to Juan Solano, and later to Gil Zúñiga; however, neither of her marriages worked out.

In 1856 (age 40), when William Walker and his filibusteros invaded Costa Rica, Carrasco volunteered as an army cook and a medic. She is most famous for filling her apron pockets with bullets, grabbing a rifle, and joining the defending forces at the Battle of Rivas, becoming Costa Rica's first woman in the military

Legacy[edit]

Her strength and determination became a symbol of national pride, and she was commemorated with a Costa Rican postage stamp in 1984.[1]

The Costa Rican Security Ministry established a "Pancha Carrasco Police Women's Excellence Award" in her honor.[3] The former U.S. Coast Guard cutter Point Bridge was renamed Pancha Carrasco in her honor when it was turned over to the Costa Rican Coast Guard in 2001.[2]

References[edit]

Sources consulted

Endnotes

  1. ^ a b It was issued on 10 April 1984 as the 1.50 Colon value in a four value set honoring national heroes. "Costa Rica", Scott Standard Postage Stamp Catalog, 1986, Vol 2, p. 687, column 4.
  2. ^ a b "Decommissioning Ceremony", U.S. Coast Guard, 28 September 2001.
  3. ^ a b "Female Cop Awarded Excellence Award", Tico Times, 2 September 2002.