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Yagya Shala, within the Mansa Devi temple complex in Panchkula
|Nickname(s): Chandigarh Tricity|
|• Body||Municipal Corporation Panchkula|
|• Mayor||Upinder Kaur Ahluwalia (INC)|
|• Total||898 km2 (347 sq mi)|
|Elevation||365 m (1,198 ft)|
|• Official||Hindi, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|PIN||134 109 - 134 114|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-HR|
Panchkula is a planned city in the Panchkula district, Haryana, India. It forms a part of a continuous area with the union territory of Chandigarh and the city of Mohali. It is approximately 4 km (2.4 miles) southeast of Chandigarh, 105 km (65 miles) southwest of Shimla and 259 km (162 miles) northeast of New Delhi, the national capital. It is a part of the Chandigarh capital region or Greater Chandigarh. The Chandigarh-Mohali-Panchkula metropolitan region collectively forms a Chandigarh Tricity, with a combined population of over 2 million.
The city hosts the Chandimandir Cantonment, the headquarters of the Western Command of the Indian Army. In 2011, Panchkula had a population of 561,293 of which male and female were 299,679 and 261,614 respectively.
The word is derived from the local word panch (Sanskrit: पंच) (five) and kula (Sanskrit: कुला) (canals) "The city of 5 canals", possibly referring to five irrigation canals that distribute water from the Ghaggar-Hakra River.
Geography and climate
Panchkula district has a sub-tropical continental monsoon climate having, hot summers, cool winters, good monsoon rainfall. It has great variation in temperature (-1 °C to 43 °C). Sometimes winter frost occurs during December and January. The district also receives winter rains from the western disturbance. The rainfall is mostly received in the monsoon. Morni hills constitute the highest point of the district as well as of Haryana. The Ghaggar is the only perennial river, which is very shallow outside of the monsoons. The mountains and hills of Kasauli are clearly visible from Panchkula.
Generally, the slope of the district is from north east to south west and in this direction, most of the rivers/streams rain-fed torrents flow down and spread much gravel and pebbles in their beds. Only the Sirsa river, in Kalka Tehsil flows towards the north-west. The soils in the district are mainly light loam.
The underground water in the district is generally fresh and suitable for domestic and irrigation purposes. The underground water level is generally high in the southern parts and low in north and north-east which is hilly tract. The district lies in the Himalayas boundary fault zones and earthquakes of moderate to high intensity have occurred in the past.
- Spring: The climate remains the most enjoyable part of the year during the spring season (from February-end to early-April). Temperatures vary between (max) 13 °C to 20 °C and (min) 5 °C to 12 °C.
- Autumn: In autumn (from September-end to mid-November.), the temperature may rise to a maximum of 30 °C. Temperatures usually remain between 10° to 22° in autumn. The minimum temperature is around 6 °C.
- Summer: The temperature in summer (from Mid-April to June-end) may rise even above 40 °C. Temperatures generally remain between 30 °C to 39 °C (94 – 101F).
- Monsoon: During monsoon (from early-July to mid-September), Panchkula receives moderate to heavy rainfall and sometimes heavy to very heavy rainfall (generally during the month of August or September). Usually, the rain-bearing monsoon winds blow from south-west/south-east. Mostly, the city receives heavy rain from the south (which is mainly a persistent rain) but it generally receives most of its rain during monsoon either from North-west or North-east. The maximum amount of rain received by the city of Panchkula during monsoon season is 195.5 mm in a single day.
- Winter: Winters (November-end to February-end) are mild but it can sometimes get quite chilly in Panchkula. Average temperatures in the winter remain at (max) 5 °C to 14 °C and (min) -1 °C to 5 °C. Rain usually comes from the west during winters and it is usually a persistent rain for 2–3 days with sometimes hail-storms.
Panchkula IT Park (also known as Haryana State Industrial and Infrastructural Development Corporation Technology Park) is the state of art infrastructure to facilitate information technology in the city. It spreads over 74 acres developed by HSIIDC situated in sector 22 (foothills of Shivalik Hills or outer Himalayas and on the banks of Ghaggar River). It is well connected to Delhi, Haryana, Punjab and Himachal Pradesh, and the IT businesses looking for office space in the area.
There are various visitor attractions including:
- Mata Mansa Devi Mandir is one of the most prominent temples in North India and is dedicated to Goddess Mansa Devi, a form of Shakti.
- Bhima Devi Temple Site Museum nicknamed Khajuraho of North India for its erotic sculptures, comprises the restored ruins of an ancient Hindu temple dating from between 8th and 11th century AD.
- Nada Sahib is a Sikh Gurudwara in the Panchkula district of the Indian state of Haryana. Situated on the banks of the Ghaggar-Hakra River in the Sivalik Hills.
- Morni, the hill resort at Morni Hills, an offshoot of the Sivalik Hills, are about 45 kilometres (28 mi) from the city. The hills were named for Queen Morni, who is said to have ruled this city.
- Pinjore Gardens, also known as Yadavindra Gardens, are about 20 km (12 mi) from the city, and cover a total area of 100 hectares (250 acres). The work of creating the gardens began in the seventeenth century. Pinjore Gardens is the venue for an annual mango festival. The garden houses a mini zoo, historic places, Japanese garden, nursery and a number of picnic spots. According to Hindu theology, the Pandava brothers rested in Pinjore during their exile.
- National Cactus and Succulent Botanical Garden and Research Centre a 7 acres (2.8 ha) cactus garden in the center of Panchkula, was established in 1987, and is known for its rare and endangered species of Indian succulent plants.
- Kaushalya Dam is an earth-filled barrage dam on Kaushalya river in Pinjore. It is an important wetland that is home to many endangered migratory birds.
- Jayanti Devi Temple, Bir Shikargah Wildlife Sanctuary, Khol Hi-Raitan Wildlife Sanctuary, Pheasant Breeding Centre, Morni, Jatayu Conservation Breeding Centre, Pinjore, Pheasant Breeding Centre, Berwala
Tau Devi Lal Cricket Stadium has a cricket stadium, badminton hall, football ground, athletic Track and accommodation facilities for the sportspersons. To use this sports facility there is a nominal fee for each game of your interest. It is situated in sector 3 adjoining sector 21.
Panchkula Golf Course Set up in 2003 over a 135 acre, this 18 hole golf course located in sector 3 adjoining sector 21 in the foothills of Shivalik Hills on the banks of Ghaggar River, just off the Himalayan Expressway.
Panchkula has branch offices for a number of state government agencies including: Haryana Urban Development Authority, Central Board of Secondary Education Regional Office, Haryana Staff Selection Commission, Haryana State Commission For Women, Haryana Forest Development Corporation Limited, Haryana Agro Industries Corporation Limited, Women and Child Development Department - Haryana, Directorate of Urban Local Bodies, Haryana Police Recruitment Board, Haryana Electricity Regulatory Commission, Haryana Finance Commission, Yojana Bhawan - Haryana, Public Health Engineering Department, Haryana, Haryana State Technical Education Society, Haryana State Health Resource Centre, Directorate of Medical Education & Research - Haryana, National Health Mission - Haryana, Haryana State Federation of Co-operative Sugar Mills Limited, Office of the Commissioner of Income Tax - Haryana, Department Science & Technology - Haryana, Haryana State Cooperative Agriculture And Rural Development Bank Limited, The Haryana State Co-Operative Apex Bank Limited, The Haryana State Cooperative Labour & Construction Federation Limited, Confed-The Haryana State Federation of Consumers, Haryana State Warehousing Corporation, Pashudhan Bhawan - Haryana, Haryana Seed Development Corporation Limited, Sinchai Bhawan - Haryana, Vanijya Bhawan - Excise & Taxation Department, Haryana, Department of Technical Education, Regional Transport Authority, District Education Office, Regional Employment Office, Education Department Headquarters, Shiksha Sadan, Utkarsh Society.
- Government College, Sector 1, Panchkula
- Government College for Girls, Sector 14, Panchkula
- Mother Teresa Saket College of Physiotherapy, Chandimandir Cantonment, Panchkula
- National Institute of Fashion Technology, Sector 23, Panchkula
- Institute For Spatial Planning And Environment Research, Amravati Enclave, Panchkula
- National Institute For Training In Search Rescue And Disaster Response, Bhanu, Panchkula
- Haryana Institute of Civil Aviation, Pinjore, Panchkula
- BRS Dental College and Hospital, Kot Billa, Panchkula
- Swami Devi Dayal Dental College, Barwala, Panchkula
- Panchkula Engineering College, Mauli, Panchkula
- Government College, Kalka, Panchkula
- Government Polytechnic for Women, Morni Hills, Panchkula
- Kendriya Vidyalaya No. 1 Chandimandir Cantt (KV1)
- Kendriya Vidyalaya No. 2 Chandimandir Cantt (KV2)
- Kendriya Vidyalaya, GC CRPF Pinjore
- Army Public School Chandimandir Cantt (APS)
- Jainendra Public School, Sector 1 https://schooljainendra.com
- Hans Raj Public School, Sector 6
- Hallmark Public School, Sector 15
- Bhawan Vidyalaya, Sector 15
- Blue Bird, Sector 16
- CL DAV, Sector 11
- DC Model, Sector 7
- The British School Panchkula, Sector 8
- Doon Public School, Sector 21
- Delhi Public School, Pinjore
- Amrawati Vidyalaya, Pinjore
- Little Flower Convent School, Sector 14
- Manav Mangal, Sector 11
- Satluj Public School, Sector 4
- Saupin's School, Sector 9
- Haryana Model School, Sector 10
- Shishu Niketan, MDC, Sector 5
- St. Soldier Divine Public School, Sector 16
- St. Xavier Public School, Sector 20
- The Gurukul, Sector 20
- Holy Child School, Morni Road
- DAV Public School, Sector 8
- The Sky World School, Sector 21
There are a number of super specialty hospitals. General Hospital in Sector 6, Command Hospital in Chandimandir Cantonment, Saket Orthopedic Hospital in Sector 1. Government dispensaries were also present in some sectors.
Other multi specialty private hospitals are Alchemist Hospital Sector 21, Ivy Hospital Sector 5-C MDC, Alchemist Eye Institute Sector 21, Raffles Hospital Sector 14, Dhawan Hospital Sector 7, Drishti Eye Hospital Sector 11, Chakravarty Nursing Home Sector 10, Institute Of Reproduction & Child Cares Sector 17, Phoenix Hospital Sector 16, Paras Bliss Hospital Sector 5 MDC, Happy Family Hospital Sector 5 MDC, Gokul Surgical Hospital Sector 15, Malhotra Super Speciality Hospital Sector 25, Wings Hospital Sector 25, Noheria Nursing Home Sector 8, Jindal Nursing Home Sector 17, Mirchia Hospital Sector 15, Kare Partners Mother And Child Hospital Sector 2, Clove Dental Sector 20, Sunny Hospital Sector 4, Orthomax Hospital Sector 15, Blessings Hospital Sector 15, Mind Peace Clinic Sector-14, Panchkula.
Government Pet Animal Medical Centre Cum Teaching Hospital, Sector-3, Panchkula.
- Saini, Manveer (5 July 2013). "Upinder Walia is 1st mayor of Panchkula MC". The Times of India. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
- "Ahluwalia is Panchkula's first woman Mayor". Indian Express. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
- "Census of India Search details". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- Haryana Review 2013, page 30
- "World Weather Information Service - Chandigarh". wmo.int.
- "Panchkula: 'City of Generals' gets 2 more after 'farewell to arms' - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-01-17.
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