Pancreatic acinar metaplasia
|Pancreatic acinar metaplasia|
|Micrograph of a gastro-esophageal junction with pancreatic acinar metaplasia. The esophageal mucosa (stratified squamous epithelium) is seen on the right. The gastric mucosa (simple columnar epithelium) is seen on the left. The metaplastic epithelial is at the junction (center of image) and has an intensely eosinophilic (bright pink) cytoplasm. H&E stain.|
|Classification and external resources|
Studies are mixed on whether it is associated with pathology and symptoms. There is some epidemiological evidence to suggest is associated with gastroesophageal reflux and Helicobacter gastritis.
There is no evidence to suggest it is pre-neoplastic, like Barrett's esophagus.
The histopathologic features of pancreatic acinar metaplasia are: (1) the presence of cell clusters that resembles a many-lobed "berry" (an acinus), with (2) cells that are histomorphologically identical to the glands of the exocrine pancreas.
- Johansson J, Håkansson HO, Mellblom L, et al. (March 2010). "Pancreatic acinar metaplasia in the distal oesophagus and the gastric cardia: prevalence, predictors and relation to GORD". J. Gastroenterol. 45 (3): 291–9. doi:10.1007/s00535-009-0161-4. PMID 20012917.
- Wang HH, Zeroogian JM, Spechler SJ, Goyal RK, Antonioli DA (December 1996). "Prevalence and significance of pancreatic acinar metaplasia at the gastroesophageal junction". Am. J. Surg. Pathol. 20 (12): 1507–10. doi:10.1097/00000478-199612000-00010. PMID 8944044.