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Pandalus borealis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Infraorder: Caridea
Family: Pandalidae
Genus: Pandalus
Leach, 1814 [1]
Type species
Pandalus montagui [2]
Leach, 1814

Pandalus (cold-water prawn) is a genus of shrimp in the family Pandalidae. Members of the genus are medium-sized and live on or near the seabed. Some species are the subject of commercial fisheries and are caught by trawling. One species, Pandalus montagui, lives in association with the reef-building polychaete worm, Sabellaria spinulosa.[3]

Their lifespan is typically three to five years, with sexual maturity being reached at an early age. Members of this genus are protandric hermaphrodites, starting life as males and later becoming females.[2] Reproduction takes place in the spring when up to 3,000 eggs are produced and fertilised internally. The female carries them around under the abdomen for about six days before they develop into planktotrophic larvae. These remain in the plankton for four to six months. During this time, they drift with the currents and have a dispersal potential of at least 10 km (6.2 mi) The shrimp have a rapid growth rate, so populations can build up quite rapidly after disturbance or habitat destruction.[3]


The following extant species are accepted by the World Register of Marine Species:[1]

One additional species is known from the fossil record.[4]

Commercial fisheries[edit]

These species are caught commercially:[5][6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Pandalus - Leach, 1814 in Leach, 1813–1814 World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 2011-11-04.
  2. ^ a b T. Komai (1999). "A revision of the genus Pandalus (Crustacea: Decapoda: Caridea: Pandalidae)" (PDF). Journal of Natural History. 33 (9): 1265–1372. doi:10.1080/002229399299914.
  3. ^ a b Pandalus Marine Macrofauns Genus Trait Handbook. Retrieved 2011-11-04.
  4. ^ Sammy De Grave; N. Dean Pentcheff; Shane T. Ahyong; et al. (2009). "A classification of living and fossil genera of decapod crustaceans" (PDF). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Suppl. 21: 1–109.
  5. ^ Common and scientific names of main cold water prawn and shrimp species Responsible Sourcing Guide: cold water prawns. Retrieved 2011-11-04.
  6. ^ Selected Shrimps of British Columbia Fisheries and Oceans Canada. Retrieved 2011-11-04.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Pandalus at Wikimedia Commons