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Alternative namesPan de sal
Place of originPhilippines
Main ingredientsFlour, yeast, sugar, salt, oil

Pandesal, also known as Pan de sal (Spanish: pan de sal, lit. "salt bread") is a staple bread roll in the Philippines commonly eaten for breakfast.[1] It is made of flour, yeast, sugar, oil, and salt.[2][3]


Pandesal is a popular yeast-raised bread in the Philippines. Individual loaves are shaped by rolling the dough into long logs (bastón, Spanish for "stick") which are rolled in fine bread crumbs. These are then portioned, allowed to rise, and baked.

It is most commonly served hot and may be eaten as is, or dipped in coffee, tsokolate (hot chocolate), or milk. It can also be complemented with butter, margarine, cheese, jam, peanut butter, chocolate spread, or other fillings like eggs, sardines and meat.

Its taste and texture closely resemble those of the Puerto Rican pan de agua, French croissant, and Mexican bolillos. Contrary to its name, pandesal tastes slightly sweet rather than salty. Most bakeries produce pandesal in the morning for breakfast consumption, though some bake pandesal the whole day.[4][5]


Some pandesal in supermarkets and some bakeries are less crusty and lighter in color. These also tend to have more sugar than the traditional pandesal, which only has 1.75% sugar.[6]

On Siargao Island, famous as a surfing spot, an oval-shaped version is locally known as "pan de surf" as it resembles a surfboard. It is baked on makeshift ovens fueled with coconut husks, and usually sold alongside pan de coco.[7][8]

Dried and ground-up malunggay or moringa leaves are sometimes mixed into the flour for added nutritional content; this is called "malunggay pandesal" or "malunggay bread".[6]

A popular new variant of pandesal is ube cheese pandesal, which has a purple yam (ube) and cheese filling. It is characteristically purple like all ube-based dishes.[9] Other contemporary variants include chocolate, matcha, strawberry and blueberry flavors.[6]

A soft, yellowish type of Filipino bread roll that is similar to pandesal except that it uses eggs, milk, and butter or margarine is known as Señorita bread, Spanish bread, or pan de kastila. Unlike the pandesal, it commonly has sweet fillings. It is unrelated to the Spanish pan de horno (also known in English as "Spanish bread").[10]


The precursor of the pandesal was pan de suelo ("floor bread"), a local Spanish-Filipino version of the French baguette baked directly on the floor of a wood-fired oven called a pugón. It was made with wheat flour and was harder and crustier than the pandesal. Since wheat is not natively produced in the Philippines, bakers eventually switched to more affordable yet inferior flour, resulting in the softer, doughy texture of the pandesal.[1][11]

Pandesal flourished in the American colonial era in the early 1900s, when cheaper American wheat became readily available. It has since become a staple breakfast bread in the Philippines.[1][12]

Baking of pandesal in pugón has declined due to a nationwide ban on cutting mangrove trees for fuel, and bakers shifted to using gas-fired ovens.[6]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Shah, Khushbu (February 16, 2016). "How Pandesal Became a Filipino Breakfast Staple". Eater. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
  2. ^ "Pandesal." Archived February 22, 2014, at the Wayback Machine Pinoyslang.comArchived January 4, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. Accessed July 2011.
  3. ^ "Pandesal (Filipino Bread Rolls)-The Little Epicurean". August 20, 2015. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
  4. ^
  5. ^ "Pandesal - kawaling pinoy". December 11, 2013. Retrieved July 20, 2016.
  6. ^ a b c d Grana, Rhia (October 18, 2020). "The rise and rise of flavored pandesal, or how a humble bread became a canvas for Pinoy creativity". ANCX. Retrieved October 18, 2020.
  7. ^ Catoto, Roel (September 26, 2013). "Pan de Surf". MindaNews. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  8. ^ "Siargao beyond surfing: A 'Biyahe ni Drew' itinerary". GMA News Online. April 24, 2015. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  9. ^ "Ube Cheese Pandesal". Kawaling Pinoy. June 3, 2020. Retrieved July 11, 2020.
  10. ^ Orillos, Jenny. "Pinoy Bread: 10 Best Panaderia Classics". Retrieved May 1, 2020.
  11. ^ Estrella, Serna. "The Secret History Behind Pan de Regla and Other Panaderia Eats". Pepper. Archived from the original on April 9, 2021. Retrieved April 23, 2017.
  12. ^ admin (January 18, 2014). "Pan de Sal: Philippine National Bread | The Daily Roar". Retrieved July 20, 2016.