Pandikar Amin Mulia

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Pandikar Amin Mulia

ڤندكار أمين بن مليا
Amin Mulia at the Former Parliament of Iran Building 24.08.2016.jpg
Minister in the Prime Minister's Department
In office
15 December 1999 – 1 July 2003
Prime MinisterMahathir Mohamad
8th Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat
In office
28 April 2008 – 10 May 2018
MonarchMizan Zainal Abidin
Abdul Halim
Muhammad V
Prime MinisterAbdullah Ahmad Badawi
Najib Razak
Preceded byTan Sri Ramli Ngah Talib
Succeeded byMohamad Ariff Md Yusof
President of People's Justice Front
In office
Preceded byInaugural holder
Succeeded byPost abolished
Personal details
Pandikar Amin bin Mulia

(1955-09-17) 17 September 1955 (age 63)
Kota Belud, Crown Colony of North Borneo (now Sabah, Malaysia)
Political partyIndependent
United Sabah National Organisation (USNO)
People's Justice Front (AKAR)
United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) (-2018)
Other political
Barisan Nasional (BN) (-2018)
Spouse(s)Hadijah Abdullah Teng
Alma materUniversity of Wolverhampton
Lincoln's Inn

Tan Sri Datuk Seri Panglima Pandikar Amin bin Mulia (Jawi: ڤندكار أمين بن مليا; born 17 September 1955) is a Malaysian politician who was the Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat, the lower house of the Parliament of Malaysia from April 2008 to May 2018.

Early background[edit]

Pandikar Amin was born in a poor family in a remote village in Kota Belud. Prior to going to England for tertiary education, he received education at Sabah College in Kota Kinabalu. He was a graduate of Wolverhampton Polytechnic and Lincoln's Inn.

Political career[edit]


Pandikar Amin entered politics in 1982 as a member of USNO and later as a parliamentary candidate for Kota Belud but lost to the Barisan Nasional (BN) candidate. At the age of 27, he became MLA for Usukan. He became the Speaker of Sabah State Legislative Assembly from 1986 to 1988.[1]

In 1999, he was appointed as a Senator and Minister in the Prime Minister's Department until 2002. He was president of AKAR, one of the BN component parties in Sabah, at that time.

Speakership in the Dewan Rakyat[edit]

After the 2008 general elections, the BN coalition government announced that Pandikar, a member of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), would be the new Speaker, replacing Ramli Ngah Talib.[2]

The 12th Parliament was the first to be presided over entirely by East Malaysians; Pandikar and his deputies, Wan Junaidi Tuanku Jaafar and Ronald Kiandee, hail from either Sabah or Sarawak.[3] In mid-May, after Parliament convened, Pandikar resigned as Kota Marudu UMNO division chief, citing the need to be a neutral presiding officer. He denied his resignation was linked to possible party-switching amongst UMNO MPs from East Malaysia.[4]

Ahead of the 2018 general elections, Pandikar announced his intention to contest, thus returning to active politics after serving as Parliamentary Speaker for two terms.[5] He quitted UMNO on 12 December 2018 along with other Sabah UMNO assemblyman.



  1. ^ "Baptism of fire for Speaker Pandikar Amin at first sitting". The Star. 1 May 2008. Archived from the original on 1 May 2008. Retrieved 1 May 2008.
  2. ^ "MPs urged to follow the rules". The Malaysian Insider. 26 April 2008. Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 27 April 2008.
  3. ^ Vasudevan, V. (28 April 2008). "A day of firsts in parliament". New Straits Times. Archived from the original on 1 May 2008. Retrieved 28 April 2008.
  4. ^ "Pandikar Amin quits as Kota Marudu Umno chief". The Star Online. 16 May 2008. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  5. ^ Dol, Clarence (5 April 2017). "Pandikar returning to politics". Daily Express. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  6. ^ "Semakan Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat".
  7. ^ "Pandikar Amin heads FT Day awards, 282 conferred". Bernama. The Star. 2 February 2009. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  8. ^ "Pandikar Amin heads honour roll". Winnie Yeoh and Derrick Vinesh. The Star. 26 August 2013. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
  9. ^ "DPM heads Sabah TYT honours list". The Star. 3 October 2010. Retrieved 14 September 2018.
Political offices
Preceded by
Tan Sri Ramli Ngah Talib
Speaker of the Dewan Rakyat
2008 – 2018
Succeeded by
Mohamad Ariff Md Yusof