|Born||28 January 1930|
|Origin||Hisar, Punjab, India|
|Genres||Hindustani classical music|
Jasraj was born in Village Pilimandori in erstwhile Hisar district of Haryana (now Fatehabad district) in a middle class family to Motiram, a classical singer. His family performed the Mewati gharana style. Motiram died when Jasraj was four, on the day he was to be appointed as the state musician in the court of Osman Ali Khan.
Jasraj was initiated into vocal music by his father. He received training from his elder brother, Maniram, and later from Maharaja Jaywant Singh Waghela and Ustad Gulam Kadar Khan of Mewat Gharana. In addition, he trained under Swami Vallabhdas of the Agra Gharana. In 1960, when Jasraj went to visit Bade Ghulam Ali Khan in hospital, Khan asked him to become his disciple, but Jasraj declined saying that he could not accept Khan's tutelage since he was already Maniram's disciple.
As a means of livelihood, Maniram took Jasraj as an accompanying tabla player. However, at the time, like sarangi players, tabla players were considered minor artists. At the age of 14, unhappy with his treatment as an accompanying artist, Jasraj left and vowed not to cut his hair until he learned to sing. He finally cut his hair after garnering his first AIR Radio performance, where he sang Raga Kaunsi Kanada (a combination of Malkauns and Darbari Kanada).
Jasraj's vocal range extends three-and-a-half octaves and uses precise diction, a trademark of the Mewati gharana's style of khayal. He has also done extensive research in Haveli Sangeet under Baba Shyam Manohar Goswami Maharaj to create numerous innovative bandish (composition).
Jasraj created a novel form of jugalbandi called Jasrangi that is styled on the ancient system of moorchhana, between a male and a female vocalist, who each sing different ragas at the same time. He is also known for presenting a wide variety of rare raags including Gyankali, Abiri Todi, Dhanashree, Patdeepki, Purba, Bhavsakh, Devsakh, Gunji Kanada and Charju Ki Malhar.
Jasraj has many students, including Rattan Mohan Sharma, Sanjeev Abhyankar, Girish wazalwar, Ankita joshi, Ramesh Narayan, Suman Ghosh, Tripti Mukherjee, Pritam Bhattacharjee, Kala Ramnath and Sadhana Sargam.
In memory of his father, Jasraj organises a musical festival every year called the Pandit Motiram Pandit Maniram Sangeet Samaroh in Hyderabad, India. It ran for 36 years as of 2008. Jasraj participated at the Sawai Gandharva Music Festival.
In 1962, Jasraj married Madhura, the daughter of film director V. Shantaram, who he had first met in 1955 during the filming of Jhanak Jhanak Payal Baje. After their marriage the couple lived in Kolkata for some time. They have a son, Shaarangdev Pandit, and a daughter, Durga Jasraj, a television anchor and presenter. Madhura has directed documentaries and children's plays, and directed and produced ballets, Geeta-Govinda, Kaan Kahaani and Surdas, and the TV series, Faster Phene. Madhura made a film, Sangeet Martand Pandit Jasraj in 2009 and directed her first Marathi film, Aai Tuzha Aashirwad, in 2010, in which her husband and Lata Mangeshkar sang in Marathi.
Music composers Jatin-Lalit are Jasraj's nephews, and Sulakshana Pandit and Vijeta Pandit, both of whom played leading roles as heroines in many Hindi films in 1970s and 1980s, are his nieces. Pandit Jasraj is said to have made a commitment that he will not compose music for commercial films and that he will remain dedicated to contribute for promoting classical music. Pandit Jasraj visited his native place village Pilimandori in district Hisar a few years back. The villagers extended overwhelming welcome to him.
- Padma Vibhushan, (art-classical music-vocal) in 2000
- Padma Bhushan 1990
- Sangeet Natak Akademi Award in 1987
- Sangeet Kala Ratna
- Master Dinanath Mangeshkar Award
- Lata Mangeshkar Puraskar
- Maharashtra Gaurav Puraskar
- Surer Guru
- Swathi Sangeetha Puraskaram in 2008
- Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship (2010)
- Marwar Sangeet Ratna Award
- Samagana Matanga 2012 award
- Raga Symphony (2009)
- Anuraag (2000)
- Devotionally Yours
- The Glory of Dawn – Morning Raagas (2005)
- Invocation (1993)
- Khazana (2008)
- In Concert Vancouver Vols. 1 & 2(1997)
- Malhar – A Downpour of Music (2005)
- The Meditative Music of Pandit Jasraj
- Parampara – The Mewati Tradition
- Pride of India (2002)
- Multaani & Din-ki-Purya
- Shri Krishna Anuraag (2000)
- Songs of Krishna Vol. 1 & Vol. 2 (2000)
- The Spiritual Journey (2005)
- Baiju Bawra Vols. 1 & 2(2008)
- Upasana (2007)
- Miyan Tansen Vol 1 & Vol 2(2006)
- Tapasya Vol. 1 (2005)
- Darbar (2003)
- Maheshwara Mantra (2002)
- Soul Food (2005)
- Haveli Sangeet (2001)
- Inspiration (2000)
- Ragas Triveni and Multani Live
- Ragas Bihada and Gaud Giri Malhar
- Worship By Music/Live Stuggart '88
- Ornamental Voice
- Ladki Sahyadri Ki (1966, music by Vasant Desai)
- Birbal My Brother (1973, music by Shyam Prabhakar)
- 1920 (2008, music by Adnan Sami)
- Life of Pi (2012, directed by Ang Lee)
- A custom of culture The Hindu, 1 December 2004.
- Jaisi, sadiq; Luther, Narendra (2004). The Nocturnal Court: The Life of a Prince of Hyderabad. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195666052. Retrieved 24 May 2013.
- Jai ho! Jasraj The Hindu, 8 October 2007.
- Madhura Jasraj recounts life with the Maestro Ministry of Information & Broadcasting, 26 November 2009.
- "Age no bar". Indian Express. 10 September 2010.
- "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
- "Declaration of Sangeet Natak Akademi fellowships (Akademi Ratna) and Akademi Awards (Akademi Puraskar) for the year 2009" (Press release). Ministry of Culture. 16 February 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2010.
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