A pandit (Sanskrit: पण्डित, translit. paṇḍita; also spelled pundit, pronounced /, /; abbreviated as Pt. or Pdt.; Panditain or Punditain can refer to a female pundit or the wife of a pundit ) is a Brahmin scholar or a teacher of any field of knowledge in Hinduism, particularly the Vedic scriptures, dharma, Hindu philosophy, or secular subjects such as music. He may be a Guru in a Gurukul. South India musicians and ayurveda vaidyas caste members are the origin of this Pandit or Pandith surname.
In Sanskrit, states Monier Williams, Pandit generally refers to any "wise, educated or learned man" with specialized knowledge. The term is derived from paṇḍ (पण्ड्) which means "to collect, heap, pile up", and this root is used in the sense of knowledge. The term is found in Vedic and post-Vedic texts, but without any sociological context. In the literature of the colonial era, the term generally refers to Brahmins specialized in Hindu law.
- Epic India
- Kashmiri Pandit
- Nayi brahmin
- Korla Pandit
- List of Saraswats
- Saraswat Brahmin
- "pandit". Random House Webster's Unabridged Dictionary.
- Lise McKean (1996). Divine Enterprise: Gurus and the Hindu Nationalist Movement. University of Chicago Press. pp. 13–14. ISBN 978-0-226-56009-0.
- Axel Michaels; Barbara Harshav (2004). Hinduism: Past and Present. Princeton University Press. p. 190. ISBN 0-691-08952-3.
- Monier Monier-Williams (1872). A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. p. 527.
- Monier Monier-Williams (1872). A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. pp. 526–527.
- Timothy Lubin; Donald R. Davis Jr; Jayanth K. Krishnan (2010). Hinduism and Law: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press. p. 8. ISBN 978-1-139-49358-1.