Panellus

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Panellus
Panellus stipticus 26818.jpg
Panellus stipticus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Mycenaceae
Genus: Panellus
P.Karst.
Type species
Panellus stipticus
(Bull.:Fr.) P.Karst.
Synonyms[1]

Dictyopanus Pat. (1900)

Panellus is a genus of at least 3 mushroom species of fungi in the Mycenaceae family as defined molecularly.[2][3][4][5][6] Prior to molecular analyses the generic name had been used for any white-spored pleurotoid with amyloid spores. Unrelated but similar species are now classified in Sarcomyxa and Scytinotus. In older guides and other literature the type species had been placed in either Pleurotus or Panus and the poroid species had been classified in the synonymous genus Dictyopanus or in broadly defined genera like Polyporus (Polyporaceae) or the more closely allied Favolaschia (Mycenaceae). The closest molecular allies are Resinomycena and Cruentomycena.[2][6]

Description[edit]

The fruit bodies of Panellus species are small and pleurotoid, meaning they grow on wood, have gills, and usually form semicircular or kidney-shaped caps that may be either directly attached to the wood, or connected by short stipes. The stipe is usually connected to the side of the cap, or off-center. The gills on the underside of the cap usually radiate outward from the attachment point, or may be strongly interveined to form a reticulum. The spores are hyaline (white in deposit), thin-walled, smooth and amyloid.[7][8] Panellus is one of several genera in the Mycenaceae that are bioluminescent.[8][9][10]

Species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Panellus P. Karst. 1879". MycoBank. International Mycological Association. Retrieved 2011-01-18. 
  2. ^ a b Moncalvo JM, Vilgalys R, Redhead SA, Johnson JE, James TY, Catherine Aime M, Hofstetter V, Verduin SJ, Larsson E, Baroni TJ, Greg Thorn R, Jacobsson S, Clémençon H, Miller OK Jr (2002). "One hundred and seventeen clades of euagarics". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 23 (3): 357–400. doi:10.1016/S1055-7903(02)00027-1. PMID 12099793. 
  3. ^ Matheny PB, Curtis JC, Hofstetter V, Aime MC, Moncalvo JM, et al. (2006). "Major clades of Agaricales: a multi-locus phylogenetic overview". Mycologia. 98 (6): 982–95. doi:10.3852/mycologia.98.6.982. PMID 17486974. 
  4. ^ Jin J, Petersen RH (2001). "Phylogenetic relationships of Panellus (Agaricales) and related species based on morphology and ribosomal large subunit DNA sequences". Mycotaxon. 79: 7–21. 
  5. ^ a b Johnston PR, Whitton SR, Buchanan PK, Park D, Pennycook SR, Johnson JE, Moncalvo JM (2006). "The basidiomycete genus Favolaschia in New Zealand". New Zealand Journal of Botany. 44: 65–87. doi:10.1080/0028825X.2006.9513007. 
  6. ^ a b Petersen RH, Hughes KW, Lickey EB, Kovalenko AE, Morozova OV, Psurtseva NV (2008). "A new genus, Cruentomycena, with Mycena viscidocruenta as type species". Mycotaxon. 105: 119–136. 
  7. ^ Bursdall HH Jr; Miller OK Jr. (1975). "A reevaluation of Panellus and Dictyopanus (Agaricales)". Nova Hedwigia. 51: 79–91. 
  8. ^ a b Desjardin DE, Oliveira AG, Stevani CV (2008). "Fungi bioluminescence revisited". Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences. 7 (2): 170–82. doi:10.1039/b713328f. PMID 18264584. 
  9. ^ Macrae R. (1937). "Interfertility phenomena of the American and European forms of Panus stipticus (Bull.) Fries". Nature. 139 (3520): 674. doi:10.1038/139674b0. 
  10. ^ Macrae R. (1942). "Interfertility studies and inheritance of luminescence in Panus stypticus". Canadian Journal of Research, Section C: Botanical Sciences. 20 (8): 411–434. 

External links[edit]