is a Pangaea live album by American jazz trumpeter, composer, and bandleader Miles Davis. It was originally released as a double album in 1976 by CBS Sony in Japan.
Recorded during Davis'
electric period, the album captures the second of two concerts he performed on February 1, 1975, at Osaka's Festival Hall. As with the first concert (captured on the 1975 album ), Davis led a band featuring guitarists Agharta Pete Cosey and Reggie Lucas, saxophonist Sonny Fortune, bassist Michael Henderson, drummer Al Foster, and percussionist James Mtume.
Composition and performance [ edit ]
Pangaea and its predecessor were recorded on February 1, 1975, in Agharta Osaka, Japan, at the Festival Hall. The Agharta concert took place during an afternoon matinee, whereas Pangaea was recorded in the evening. This album's music was split into two tracks, "Zimbabwe" and "Gondwana", the latter of which was the name of the ancient supercontinent, as was " Pangaea". According to music scholar Enrico Merlin, the two tracks contain performances of the segments originally developed by Davis under the titles "Moja", "Willie Nelson on Tune in 5", "Nne", "Zimbabwe", "Ife", and "Wili (= for Dave)", performed in that order.
Release [ edit ]
The album was first released exclusively in Japan by
CBS Sony in 1976. It did not see release anywhere else until 1991; in May of that year, Columbia Records released Pangaea on CD in the United States, as part of the label's Columbia Jazz Contemporary Masters reissue program.
Critical reception [ edit ]
, The Village Voice Robert Christgau gave Pangaea 's 1991 CD reissue an honorable mention, citing "Zimbabwe" as the highlight while lamenting the flute playing and scant track listing. Davis biographer  Jack Chambers found the performance "vastly" inferior to Agharta, as did  Paul Tingen, who lamented Davis' reduced presence and role directing his band. Tingen also observed "a sense of tiredness and drift", which he attributed to the septet having played the first concert earlier that day: "There are several extended periods during which the band just plays out the grooves, waiting for Miles to give the next cue." In the , Los Angeles Times Bill Kohlhaase called Pangaea "a striking personal soundtrack of decline that, like Miles himself, suffers from exhaustion before playing itself out".
AllMusic's Thom Jurek was more enthusiastic. Although he found the band less impressive here than on Agharta, Jurek said some individual members stood out more on Pangaea, which he found just "as relentless" and "plenty satisfying".  J. D. Considine rated it half-a-star higher than Agharta in . The Rolling Stone Album Guide In  , The Penguin Guide to Jazz Richard Cook and Brian Morton wrote that like its predecessor, Pangaea 's lengthy performances combined musical forms from African-American genres with Karlheinz Stockhausen's "conception of a ' world music' that moves like creeping tectonic plates". At the end of 1991,  Pangaea was voted the ninth best reissue of the year in the Pazz & Jop, an annual poll of American critics published in The Village Voice.
Influence [ edit ]
As with several other of Davis' live albums from the period,
Pangaea became an influence on several no wave and funk artists. Highbrow  new wave and punk rock musicians, including Tom Verlaine of Television and Robert Quine, were also influenced by the album after managing to obtain copies as an import from Japan.
Track listing [ edit ]
1976 LP [ edit ]
1. "Zimbabwe" (Part 1) 20:25
1. "Zimbabwe" (Part 2) 21:13
1. "Gondwana" (Part 1) 23:23
1. "Gondwana" (Part 2) 23:57
1991 CD [ edit ]
"Gondwana" runs a length of 49:46 on the album's 2000 Japanese reissue.
Personnel [ edit ]
Musicians [ edit ]
Production [ edit ]
Teo Macero Director – Keiichi Nakamura
Engineer – Tamoo Suzuki
Assistant Engineer – Mitsuru Kasai, Takaaki Amano
Package Coordination – Tony Tiller
References [ edit ]
Stafford, Andrew (2006). . Pig City: From the Saints to Savage Garden University of Queensland Press. ISBN 070223561X . Retrieved . 15 October 2015
^ a b c
"Pangaea – Miles Davis". Allmusic . Retrieved . May 19, 2013
^ a b c
Cook, Richard; Morton, Brian (2006). (8th ed.). The Penguin Guide to Jazz Penguin Books. p. 326. ISBN . 0141023279
Anon. (1995). "D". . Schwann Spectrum 7 (1): 240.
Christgau, Robert (2000). . Christgau's Consumer Guide: Albums of the '90s Macmillan Publishers. p. 73. ISBN . 0-312-24560-2
Alkyer, Frank; Enright, Ed; Koransky, Jason, eds. (2007). . The Miles Davis Reader Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 306. ISBN . 142343076X
Larkin, Colin (2011). "Miles Davis". (5th ed.). Encyclopedia of Popular Music Omnibus Press. ISBN . 0857125958
Strong, Martin C. (2004). "Miles Davis". The Great Rock Discography (7th ed.). Canongate U.S. ISBN . 1841956155
^ a b
Kohlhaase, Bill (March 17, 1991). "Jazz : Album Review: *** Miles Davis : 'Pangaea' : Columbia". Los Angeles Times . Retrieved . May 18, 2016
Holtje, Steve; Lee, Nancy Ann, eds. (1998). "Miles Davis". . MusicHound Jazz: The Essential Album Guide Music Sales Corporation. ISBN . 0825672538
^ a b
Considine, J. D. (2004). "Miles Davis". In Brackett, Nathan; Hoard, Christian (eds.). . The Rolling Stone Album Guide Simon & Schuster. p. 215. ISBN . 0-7432-0169-8
Christgau, Robert (November 5, 1991). "Consumer Guide". . New York The Village Voice . Retrieved . May 19, 2013
Chambers, Jack (1998). Milestones: The Life and Times of Miles Davis. Da Capo Press. p. 275. ISBN . 0-306-80849-8
"Pazz & Jop 1990". The Village Voice. New York. March 5, 1991 . Retrieved . May 18, 2016
Pareles, Jon (September 29, 1991). "Miles Davis, Trumpeter, Dies; Jazz Genius, 65, Defined Cool". The New York Times . Retrieved . November 20, 2012
Palmer, Robert (1985). "Miles Davis Revives His Bad-Guy Image with a Pop Album". The New York Times. Archived from the original on August 11, 2013 . Retrieved . November 28, 2016
External links [ edit ]