Pangangaluwa

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Pangangaluwa (transl. "Souling") is a Tagalog tradition observed annually on October 31 during All Hallows' Eve.

Observance[edit]

The practice of pangangaluwa is folk tradition where people visit houses at night to sing songs related to All Saints' Day, and All Souls' Day to solicit for gifts. The practice is more common in the rural areas and is often done by children[1] or teenagers.[2]

According to the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA), the practice is usually done on October 31, the day before the "Day of the Dead" (Araw ng mga Patay), also known as All Saints' Day. As per tradition, participants of pangangaluwa solicits people in front of their houses similar to what is done in harana and karoling and sings songs pretending to be lost souls in purgatory. Visited homes are expected to give kakanin or something else which the "lost souls" could bring back to the world of the dead.[2]

The NCCA also describes a superstition associated with pangangaluwa. According to tradition, the door which connects the world of the living and dead opens during All Saints Day which causes the souls who died on November 1 to return to the world of the living. Kakanin or various sticky rice cakes as well as food products made from sweet potato and purple yam is usually prepared as a tribute to the souls who are said to be hungry for food and attention.[2]

The NCCA has cited pangagaluwa as one of the evidence of Filipino belief in the afterlife as well as the existence of relations between the living and the souls of the dead.[2]

In Sariaya, Quezon[edit]

In the town of Sariaya, Quezon, pangangaluwa is often observed from October 27 to 28. A dying tradition in the town, the tradition was revived by the local tourism council in 2005 as an annual fundraising for the local government's belen festival in December and the development of the local tourism in general. It was usually held on November 1 according to an account of a resident senior citizen born in 1920, after families have returned to their houses from their cemetery visits. The modern practice of panangaluwa in Sariaya town involves children dressing in scary costumes similar to the Western practice of trick-or-treating[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Mallari, Delfin, Jr. (31 October 2014). "'Pangangaluluwa': Reviving a dying custom". Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  2. ^ a b c d "panganagaluluwa". Flickr (in Filipino). National Commission for Culture and the Arts. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 5 November 2018.