Pangboche (crater)

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Pangboche Crater
Martian impact crater Pangboche based on day THEMIS.png
Pangboche Crater based on THEMIS daytime image
Planet Mars
Coordinates 17°13′N 133°37′W / 17.22°N 133.62°W / 17.22; -133.62Coordinates: 17°13′N 133°37′W / 17.22°N 133.62°W / 17.22; -133.62
Diameter 10 km
Eponym a village in Nepal

Pangboche is a young impact crater on Mars, located in the Tharsis quadrangle near the summit of Olympus Mons.[1] It was named after a village in Nepal.[2] It measures 10 kilometer in diameter, and is located at 17.47° N and 133.4° W.[2]

The average depth of the crater is 954 m, and the height of the crater rim varies between 80 and 240 meters.[1] Pangboche formed in young lava flows on the flank of Olympus Mons.[1] The morphology of Pangboche is very similar to that of lunar craters, likely due to the lack of volatiles in both the atmosphere and the target.[3] It lacks several features often attributed to the presence of volatiles in the target rocks, including layered ejecta and lobate flows. It is a complex crater featuring a flat floor and several terraces.[1] Pangboche is estimated to be less than 240 million years old.[1][4]

Pangboche Crater, as seen by HiRISE. Pangboche Crater is very young and sits near the summit of Olympus Mons.


  1. ^ a b c d e Mouginis-Mark, Peter J. (2015-01-01). "Cratering on Mars with almost no atmosphere or volatiles: Pangboche crater". Meteoritics & Planetary Science. 50 (1): 51–62. doi:10.1111/maps.12400. ISSN 1945-5100. 
  2. ^ a b "Pangboche (crater)". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology Research Program.
  3. ^ Osinski, Gordon R.; Tornabene, Livio L.; Grieve, Richard A. F. (2011-10-15). "Impact ejecta emplacement on terrestrial planets". Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 310 (3–4): 167–181. doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2011.08.012. 
  4. ^ Robbins, Stuart J.; Achille, Gaetano Di; Hynek, Brian M. (2011-02-01). "The volcanic history of Mars: High-resolution crater-based studies of the calderas of 20 volcanoes". Icarus. 211 (2): 1179–1203. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2010.11.012.