|This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2014)|
|Motto||(Latin) Fortiter ac fideliter
("Bravely and faithfully")
|Type||Independent boarding school
|Religion||Church of England|
|Headmaster||Mr Thomas Garnier|
|Founder||Sir Thomas Lane Devitt Bt|
|Former pupils||Old Pangbournians|
Pangbourne College is a co-educational independent day and boarding school located in the civil parish of Pangbourne, in the English county of Berkshire. It is set in 230 acres, on a hill south-west of the village, in an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.
The college was founded by Sir Thomas Lane Devitt Bt. in 1917 as The Nautical College, Pangbourne with the purpose of training boys to become Merchant Navy officers. It became "Pangbourne College" in 1969 and while conforming to the general lines of a British independent boarding school, retains a distinctly nautical flavour; the pupils wear naval uniform.
||This section may contain an excessive amount of intricate detail that may only interest a specific audience. (March 2014)|
The college was founded by Sir Thomas Lane Devitt, 1st Baronet in 1917 as "The Nautical College, Pangbourne", on the site originally occupied by Clayesmore School, now located in Dorset. The Nautical College's purpose was to prepare boys to become officers in the Merchant Navy through his shipping company Devitt and Moore, although both he, and later his son, Sir Phillip Devitt, also wanted the boys to have a well rounded education in case they later changed their minds about going to sea. At the time of founding the German campaign of unrestricted submarine warfare was at its height, and this was one reason for a nautical training school to be sited inland. Almost immediately after founding, the Admiralty took a keen interest, and naval uniform together with the status of cadet in the Royal Naval Reserve was awarded to every student, putting the college in line with similar schools at that time, such as HMS Worcester and HMS Conway. These last two institutions closed in 1968 and 1974 respectively as the number of young men seeking a career at sea declined, and in 1969 The Nautical College, Pangbourne became "Pangbourne College". This also saw a shift in emphasis to a stronger academic programme, and with a civilian headmaster to replace the former post of captain superintendent. Directors of studies were replaced by the post of second master. The fourth, and current, headmaster, Thomas Garnier, served in the Royal Navy before switching to a career in teaching. He taught physics and was a housemaster before becoming headmaster in 2005.
My memories of Pangbourne are happy ones, although the discipline in those days was over the top!
— Dr Graham Perry, The Pangbournian, 2014
In addition to normal academic subjects, the college`s curriculum included the teaching of seamanship and navigation, theoretical and practical, to O Level for all boys, and to Higher National Diploma (A Level equivalent) for cadets wishing to embark on a career in the Merchant Navy.
Originally catering to about 200 male "cadets" bound largely for service in the Merchant Navy, the school now has approximately 400 co-educational pupils, both day and boarding. It has a Christian ethos, takes a wide range of academic abilities and a focus on the development of the whole person, particularly including "courtesy and self-discipline", "supporting the success of others" and "aiming high". For most of its history, the college numbered on average around 200 cadets in any given year. Recently numbers have expanded to an average complement of around 400, due in part to the college becoming co-educational in 1996 and opening a junior house.
A number of naval traditions are maintained. The college holds a parade every third Sunday, culminating on 'Founders Day' with the ceremony of "beat the retreat". While the title of "cadet" for pupils has fallen into disuse, pupils continue to wear naval uniform on a daily basis, including the traditional rank slides of a Royal Navy cadet. College argot reflects the nautical traditions, with "cabins" instead of study bedrooms, "gunrooms" instead of pupil common rooms, and so on. A focus on water-borne sports, including rowing and sailing, remains a legacy of a nautical past. The college was traditionally strongest in swimming, boxing, cross country and fencing, even providing cadets for the Royal Navy`s fencing team on several occasions. Later its strengths transferred to the rugby pitch and to the river, rowing in fours and eights.
Pangbourne takes students with a wide range of academic abilities at common entrance (13+) and sixth form (16+). Subjects are taught at both GCSE and A-level, with nearly all students who study at A-Level going to university.
The Good Schools Guide describes Pangbourne as "a modern and successful school which concentrates on bringing the best out of each pupil". The college has a boarding culture with sixty per-cent of the pupils within the school. An Independent Schools Inspectorate visit lasting four days in 2014 reported the college to be "excellent" in six of its nine categories, and "good" in the other three.
The boarding houses at Pangbourne are known as "divisions".
|Name||House letter(s)||House colours|
*Pupils aged from 11–13 years belong to Dunbar.
All of the divisions are named after ships operated at various times by the Devitt and Moore Line, and all contain roughly 65 pupils. Every pupil at Pangbourne is allocated to a boarding house when applying to Pangbourne whether he or she is a boarder or day pupil. Pangbourne does not use the system whereby scholars live in their own separate house, but instead chooses to integrate them into regular divisions. The divisions constantly compete against each other in sports and extra-curricular activities, ranging from debating and singing to running and marching. The division which has performed best at the end of the year is presented with the coveted Headmaster`s Cup on Founder's Day. Each division is staffed by a housemaster or housemistress, assistant housemaster or mistress, a matron, and a number of house tutors. In addition to these, each division has a chief, one or more deputy chiefs, and a new entry cadet officer drawn from among the senior pupils.
Pangbourne has a distinctive Royal Navy uniform.
For parades, Royal Navy officer cadet No. 1 uniform is worn: double-breasted black jacket with two rows of four Royal Navy brass buttons, and cadet insignia on the lapels; matching black trousers; white shirt and black tie; peaked cap with Royal Navy officers` cap badge, and black leather shoes.
Normal day-to-day uniform is referred to as No. 2s and is the Royal Navy blue No. 4 action working dress; blue shirt and black trousers, with a blue serge belt. The blue woollen jumper with epaulettes and cadet insignia may also be worn, together with, on occasion, a Royal Navy blue beret.
"Rec rig" is a uniform worn when both No. 1s and No. 2s would be inappropriate or impractical. For boys the uniform consists of No. 2 trousers along with No. 2 shoes, a white shirt, divisional tie and a blazer, embroidered with the college`s crest. Those in the sixth form are permitted to wear chinos, brown leather shoes and a respectable shirt of their choice. For girls the uniform consists of No. 2 skirt and shoes, black tights, white shirt, divisional tie and navy blue jumper. Additionally, pupils who have obtained their full college colours can choose to wear the Old Pangbournians` "Paravicinni" blazer.
Pangbourne offers students a range of sports with professional coaching. The performance of its rowing crews is exceptional. The school has won the Princess Elizabeth Challenge Cup four times at the Henley Royal Regatta, a record exceeded only by Eton College and Ridley College, Canada. The college held the record for the Princess Elizabeth Challenge Cup from 1992 to 2011, when it was finally beaten by Abingdon School.
The college has a rugby club, with the first XV progressing to the latter stages of the Daily Mail Cup in recent years. In 2013 "The Red Wall" became associated with the London Irish Rugby Club. This now gives team members access to professional training through the London Irish`s Academy. A number of Pangbournians have gone on to play at county, academy and national level, whilst still at the school.
The college has a Combined Cadet Force contingent consisting of all four sections: Royal Navy, Army, Royal Air Force and Royal Marines. The college is one of only twenty or so schools in the country to host a Royal Marines Combined Cadet Force section. The Royal Marines section is an annual competitor for the Pringle Trophy held at the Commando Training Centre Royal Marines, Lympstone, and has won the competition more times than any other school. All students who join the school in the third form participate in the Duke of Edinburgh Award scheme at bronze level and attain their award. This has proven popular with the students, many of whom continue through to complete their silver and gold awards. In the year, 2013-2014, 13 pupils went to the Falkland Islands to complete their gold award expedition.
There is a marching band. Formed originally to provide fifes, drums and bugles to lead parades, it has now developed brass and wind sections as well, and performs outside the college for charity events. Each year it leads the Remembrance Sunday service parade through Pangbourne village.
Music generally plays an important role in college life; the school has recently opened a new music centre, and there are strong choral and instrumental traditions. Recently the college has inaugurated the Pangbourne College piano festival, in which participating pupils come from all over the Home Counties and London take part, using the college`s pianos in its three recital halls. There is an annual Pangbourne College composers` competition.
Leadership and prefects
Although Pangbourne places great importance on developing leadership qualities throughout the pupils' time at the college, it nevertheless puts particular emphasis on developing these skills in members of the sixth form (years 12 and 13), with a peer mentoring course for the lower sixth, and the opportunity to be promoted, with wide ranging responsibilities, in the upper sixth.
|CCCC||Chief cadet captain of college||Equivalent to head boy and girl|
|CCC||Chief cadet captain||Head of a division, one in each of the six divisions|
|CC||Cadet captain||Deputy head of a division, one or two in each house|
|CL||Cadet leader||As of September 2013 all upper sixth formers are appointed cadet leaders|
|CO||Cadet officer||A general term for all leadership positions|
The upper sixth formers have a significant say in the college and are responsible for: teaching the third formers to march; the quality of dress in their divisions; helping to maintain good order in their divisions and helping the younger pupils generally. There are also many inter-divisional activities that the sixth formers organize, which all work towards the awarding of the Headmaster's Cup at the end of the year. Leadership is also widely encouraged in sport, the Duke of Edinburgh Award schemes and in the Combined Cadet Force.
Falkland Islands Memorial Chapel
The Falkland Islands Memorial Chapel was opened by Queen Elizabeth II in March 2000. It was built to commemorate the lives and sacrifice of all those who died during the Falklands War of 1982, and the courage of those who served with them to protect the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands. The shape of the building was designed to resemble a ship, reflecting the college's naval history. It was largely due to this history that the college was chosen as the site for this national memorial chapel, together with the fact that 45 Old Pangbournians served in the Falklands conflict. More than a third of these OP`s were either decorated or mentioned in despatches; most publicly known of the OP`s taking part at the time were D.H. Scott-Masson (Pangbourne 1944–46) who was captain of Canberra, the P&O liner converted to troop ship and hospital ship for the conflict; and Major (later Lieutenant Colonel) S E Southby-Tailyour RM (Pangbourne 1955–59), who was one of the first ashore with the retaking of the islands. Apart from also being a gifted yachtsman, he is a prolific author, and among other books, he had published a detailed sailing guide to the coasts around the islands called Falkland Island Shores, which had to be hastily withdrawn by the Ministry of Defence at the outbreak of hostilities The Queen returned to the college in 2007, together with the Duke of Edinburgh, Prime Ministers Baroness Margaret Thatcher and Tony Blair, and service chiefs responsible for the conduct of that war, to mark the 25th anniversary of the Argentine surrender. Links between the Falkland Islands and the college were also recently highlighted by the visit this year to the chapel of the Falkland Islands Governor, Mr. Colin Roberts.
On the south side of the building, there is the World War II memorial window, commemorating more than 200 former cadets who lost their lives in that conflict - a huge number, when one considers that between 1917 and 1939, the college only ever averaged around 150 cadets in any given year. A staggering number of medals and citations were won during this war by Old Pangbournians, including 2 George Crosses for service in the Merchant Navy: an Albert Medal won for saving life at sea in the Mediterranean, and converted to a George Cross in 1971; and a George Cross awarded in naval bomb disposal. A further 31 Distinguished Service Orders, 91 Distinguished Service Crosses, and 2 George Medals were won.[Note 1] The window denotes an airman, a Merchant Navy seaman, a commando and a naval officer. It was transferred from the college's former St. Nicholas Chapel.
Pangbourne`s war effort was so significant that it prompted a special visit from King George VI and his daughter, the then Princess Elizabeth, for the Founder's Day prize giving in 1943, at the height of the war. The college has had many other visits from members of the British Royal Family over the years, beginning with the Prince of Wales in 1927 for the college`s tenth anniversary - he later became Edward VIII; and continuing through to three further visits by the Queen; three from the Duke of Edinburgh; a visit from Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother in 1980; and visits from Earl Mountbatten and the Duke of York, who is also Patron of the Chapel.
The Memorial Chapel – which cost a total of £2.3 million and was opened in March 2000 by Her Majesty The Queen – seats 580 within the ground floor area and gallery; its design , which came about as a result of a nation-wide competition won by Crispin Wride Architectural Design Studio, is reminiscent of the shape of a ship – almond or ‘mandorla’ shaped – denoting hands ‘cupped’ in prayer. Natural light flows down the pale coloured inside walls from clear glass surrounding the curved roof and diffused through its focal feature at the north end – a memorial window with stained glass depicting the Falkland Islands within Christ’s Cross surrounded by a lively sea in vibrant shades of blue, green, yellow and grey – designed by John Clark
Visitors experience a feeling of calm and comfort within the body of the church and gallery area – created by the soft ash and neutral colours surrounding them. There are also some beautifully engraved clear glass panels within each of the main internal and external doors, which take them on a journey from the turbulence of war to the tranquillity of peace.
— About the Chapel, ''The Falkland Islands Memorial Chapel website
Each seat has been donated by an organisation or individual, and under each seat is a kneeler with the name of one of the Falklands` casualties.
Notable Old Pangbournians
- Jeffrey Bernard, journalist and writer of the column "Low Life" in The Spectator, and subject of the play: Jeffrey Bernard is Unwell by Keith Waterhouse.
- Beverley Cross, playwright of Half a Sixpence, starring Tommy Steele, among many other productions, and late husband to actress Dame Maggie Smith.
- Hon Jeffrey Richard de Corban Evans SBStJ, Past Prime Warden Shipwrights' Company, and Sheriff of The City of London, 2012–13.
- Sir Robin Gillett, 2nd Baronet GBE RD, Master Mariner; youngest ever staff commander: Canadian Pacific Lines; Royal Navy Reserve officer; Lord Mayor of London at the time of the Queen`s Silver Jubilee (1976–77); and former Gentleman Usher of the Purple Rod.
- Jefferson Hack, journalist and magazine editor, co-founder of the magazine Dazed & Confused
- Mike Hailwood MBE GM, motorcycle racer and 12 times Isle of Man TT champion.
- Patrick Hawes composer
- Sir William Garth Morrison Kt CBE DL, former naval officer, former Chief Scout and now Lord Lieutenant of East Lothian.
- Rodney Pattisson MBE, yachtsman and twice Olympic gold medallist.
- Captain John Ridgway MBE, Special Air Service and Parachute Regiment officer, writer, yachtsman, first Atlantic rower (with Chay Blyth), and founder of Ardmore Adventure School.
- Ken Russell, film director and producer, perhaps best known for his film The Devils.
- Andrew "Bart" Simpson MBE, sailor, Olympic gold and silver medallist, and Americas Cup professional, who drowned in a sailing accident off California on 9 May 2013.
- Colonel David Smiley LVO OBE MC and Bar, World War II special forces and intelligence officer, Special Operations Executive and MI6 agent, author, and officer commanding the mounted escort at the Queen's Coronation; often considered to be one of John le Carré`s inspirations for George Smiley in his Tinker, Tailor series of spy novels.
- Frederick Treves BEM, winner of the Lloyds War Medal for Bravery. He won both medals when as a 17-year-old he saved the lives of several shipmates when his Merchant Navy ship was ablaze during Operation Pedestal, a convoy sent to relieve Malta in World War II. He became a famous actor after the war with over 100 credits for television dramas and series, and films. He also had a distinguished stage career at the National Theatre, and on radio.
- Very Rev Richard Shuttleworth Wingfield-Digby, Dean of Peterborough, 1966–80.
- Lieutenant Colonel Ewen Southby-Tailyour OBE, Royal Marines officer, author, Yachtsman of the Year 1982.
- Lieutenant Commander David Balme DSC, who as a 20-year-old Royal Navy sub-lieutenant, was the officer commanding a party of eight ratings from HMS Bulldog who boarded U-110, a U-boat captured intact in the Atlantic on 9 May 1941. On board he captured a fully working naval Enigma encoding machine together with many code books and U-boat navigational grid charts.
- Tom Spencer, former Conservative MEP who became leader of the UK Conservative MEPs, and chairman of the EU Parliamentary Foreign Affairs Committee. He stood down in 1999.
- Blaine Harrison, lead singer of the Mystery Jets and patron of the charity "Attitude is Everything", which makes gigs accessible to disabled people.
- Nigel, Lord Vinson LVO, businessman and inventor, and former British Army officer.
- John Young CBE, former naval officer and chairman of Young's Brewery, Wandsworth.
- The Hon Francis (Frank) Davies, multi-award winning record producer.
- The full list comprises: 2 George Crosses; 31 Distinguished Service Orders; 91 Distinguished Service Crosses; 2 George Medals; 18 Distinguished Flying Crosses; 7 Air Force Crosses ; 17 Military Crosses; 2 CBEs; 21 OBEs; 7 MBEs; 2 British Empire Medals and; a Lloyds War Medal for Bravery at sea. 168 Old Pangbournians were mentioned in despatches.
- Pangbourne College entry on the Good Schools Guide website
- "Results of Final Races - 1946-2003".
- Lionel Stephens: Pangbourne College - The Nautical College and its History, Dovecote Press, 1991.